Rus Articles Journal

Ivanovo strochevy embroidery: in what its originality?

Air, easy ornaments as though are weaved from a set of snowflakes. Frosty patterns at a winter window are involuntarily remembered. Thin threads develop in the whole pictures. Refined garlands and magnificent bouquets from snow-white flowers fill with themselves a cloth. Such openwork embroidery received the name of strochevy. Distinguished, graceful compositions are created by skillful hands of skilled workers from the Ivanovo region.

Sources of the figured fairy tale



the Basis of strochevyshivalny trade became rich national traditions. They were formed throughout centuries. Fancy ornaments decorated clothes, and also household items. Embroideresses embodied very interesting and diverse plots - up to the stylized figures of people and animals. Riders on horses, women in sundresses, the flying birds, fantastic trees - all this consisted of a set of openwork squares. Types of seams were very different too.

Trade was created in the second half of the 19th century. The first enterprise for production of strochevyshivalny products was open in the village the Top Landekh. The merchant Nikolay Nikolaevich Yeliseyev became the founder. Works of the best embroideresses were in great demand and quite often were on sale in shops of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Products with vegetable motives - roses and grape clusters were popular.

After revolution of the skilled worker united in artel. 30 - e years became trade blossoming time - it gained big fame far outside the country. Later many artels were transformed to factories. For the best products awards at numerous exhibitions and fairs were awarded more than once. Now strochevyshivalny factories work in the city of Ivanovo, and also in Puchezhe, Shuya, Pestyakakh, the Top Landekh, Palekh.

the Surprising mosaic



the Pattern is formed from separate squares - they are fancifully grouped, various figures as a result turn out. Quite often such embroidery is called by “the Ivanovo kubanets“. It is carried out on a grid. From linen or cotton fabric threads in strictly certain order are pulled out. Process is called “dyorzhka“. This work is performed manually, requires attention and assiduity.

The grid is as a result formed - it becomes a basis for an embroidery. There is a number of methods of filling of squares and processing of their parties. Patterns can be both openwork, and rather dense. Skilled workers have many secrets. As a rule, the embroidery is carried out by white threads on a cloth of the same color. A peculiar reception - “a line with an inking“ is sometimes used. In this case the ready pattern is sheathed by a color thread. Also very colourful works meet.

Now sewing machines are widely used. However some skilled workers continue to embroider manually. Such work represents special value. It is interesting that the Spanish queen Sofia bought the embroidered vest. Skilled workers from Shuya worked on it. Similar products really make impression of royal luxury. Traditions continue to remain and develop. The square behind a square - is also gradually created the present fairy tale from air patterns.