Amanor (“New Year“) of
Amanor (“New Year“) - in the Armenian mythology along with Vanatur is a deity of New year. Both are connected with a fertility cult in Ancient Armenia.
Amanor bears the first fruits of New Year which on a drevnearmyansky kaledaryu begins in August.
Amanor and Vanatur`s Cult are traced in laudatory Armenian songs about “Nubar“ (“the New Fruit“).
the Ancient Armenian calendar consisted from 12 - ti months for 30 days - Navasard, Or, Sagmi, Tre, Kakhots, Arats, Megekan, Areg, Agekan, Mareri, Margats, Gro titsa - and additional 13th month Avelyats in which there were 5 days.
Armenians have 3 New Year`s holidays: Amanor, Navasard , or Kakhand , and on January 1 .
Till 25th century BC. Armenians met New year on March 21 when day length is equal to duration of night. Armenians celebrated this day celebrations in which glorified awakening of the nature, work of the farmer, addressed gods, asking that year was fruitful.
the Second New Year`s holiday at Armenians - this is Navasard who was marked out on August 11. On a legend, the hero Ike (Hayk) Akhekhnavor (Ike Luchnik), having killed in Ayots Dzore the tyrant - the tsar Bela, granted freedom to the sort and future generations. It occurred on August 11, 2492 (according to other data - in the 22nd century BC). And this day became the beginning of new year for Armenians.
August New year was called Navasard (nav - “ new “ sard - “ year “) . The main New Year`s representations happened on both river banks of Aratzani, on a mountain slope Npat. The tsar and the queen with suite, commanders together with army participated in celebrations. Here came from every quarter of Armenia. The sense of a holiday was not only in fun, but also in a unification of the people. Festivals lasted several days. In one of these days people drank sweet drinks and light wines. In day of Navasard drunk people were practically not as the ancient Armenian saying says: “ Gods leave most of all ryegrass in the field of the drunkard “. On these holidays even the food was moderate.
To eat it is GIVEN
From - for different climatic conditions of Armenia in different areas on a holiday table various dishes moved. However on a New Year`s holiday all dishes had something the general that emphasized national peculiarities. In these dishes first place was won by round wheat which grew only in Armenia. Our ancestors put the bread baked from this wheat that pagan gods of Armenians made new year fertile on a table. Probably, one of ancient Armenian sayings - in New Year`s day it is impossible to borrow &ndash bread; is result of these traditions. And therefore they always tried to put the bread baked from wheat which is grown up by the hands on a New Year`s table.
The symbol of a unification of Armenians
Is other ancient saying: “ Without wine New year, without ngatzakhik &ndash will come; will be late “. In the ancient time ngatzakhik was the most known seasoning. This flower tempting appetite grew on slopes of Ararat. It was collected and dried by the Armenians living in areas Masyatsotn and Tzhakatk, and then extended across all Armenia. And in whatever area there lived an Armenian, for New year it always had ngatzakhik. This tradition was a symbol of a national unification of Armenians. Ngatzakhik connected all Armenians with Masis (Ararat) - Homeland heart.
The first day of year
In the 18th century according to a calendar of the Catholicos Simeon Erevantsi on January 1 is considered to be as the beginning of new year. However even before in different districts of Armenia and in different settlements of refugees Armenians already celebrated on January 1 as the beginning of new year. On January 1 the list of New Year`s dishes joins products which names begin with the letter “ N “: ngatzakhik, Nur (grenades), nush (almonds).
So, custom to celebrate the first day of year - On January 1 - arose in Armenia till Christmas, and after adoption of Christianity in 301 g the holiday of New year was postponed since a month Navasard for the Sunday going after November 10, for the period of the termination of a labor cycle of farmers. Navasard became a symbol of the harvest collected in gardens and fields.
Subsequently November Navasard gave way to Amanor (am - year, holes - new), returned a holiday of a meeting of New year finally by January 1.
VANATUR AMAHOP And
In the Armenian mythology they - the deities of New year connected with a fertility cult. Amanor (“ new year “) bears the first fruits of the new year (beginning according to a drevnearmyansky calendar in August), Vanatur (“ priyutodatel “) shelters numerous participants of the New Year`s holidays (which were arranged in Bagavana, near the modern city of Diyadin in the territory of Turkey). Remnants of a cult of Amanor and Vanatur remained to 20 - go century, they are traced in laudatory songs about “ Nubare “ (“ new fruit “) . According to opinion of some researchers (N. Emin), Vanatur - only Amanor`s epithet, but not own name of a separate deity.
The set of beliefs is connected with Amanor`s celebration. One, having and universal value, - both you will meet New year, and you will spend it. Naturally, this holiday is celebrated very solemnly. Tables are decorated with the ripest fruits, magnificent festivals are followed by modern and national songs - Armenian zurny under which national dance of a kochara is executed.
This day the head of the family gives to all the members of household gifts, gives a toast, blesses a table, congratulates a family with a holiday and suggests all to try honey that in new year there were many sweet days and to tell and listen only to pleasant words. Children fall asleep waiting for gifts and different sweets from Father Frost. Beautiful toys, sometimes even self-made, decorate a New Year tree … Present to
a pleasant smell of the baked bread which extended on all house. At last there comes the solemn moment when mother gets New Year`s bread from the furnace. Bread is baked perfectly. Members of household breathe &ndash sigh of relief; means, new year will be safe. And if dough did not rise or bread was baked badly … by
, WHAT was THAT is AND WHAT WILL be
Any New year in Armenia does not do without fortune-telling. People by all means wish to know what expects them in the future. They resort to many magic rituals these days. The rolls baked in the form of different tools, pets: people try to bewitch the evil, to be insured on a threshold of New year, to distance from themselves all misfortunes.
For New year Armenians try to repay all debts, to forgive the neighbor and to receive from it forgiveness. And, the most important to meet New year updated that together with old year heavy burdens left.
Each accident and an event of this day are significant - to good it happened or not. Anew make fire in the center, put on in all new, on fire put fresh water. Night comes on December 31. At midnight on January 1 there comes New year. Who sings under a window? Children, young men and girls come with congratulations, kind wishes, sing songs, receive gifts. All relatives and neighbors try to descend surely to each other on a visit with gifts, sweets and to congratulate each other. On tables - abundance what people cared since summer for.
If you please to people, Amanor!
of the Maiden for New year together with the girlfriends guessed for luck: put egg in a vessel with ashes and paints and if next morning on a shell of paint it appears more, than ashes, then was considered that it fortunately.
In villages it was accepted to dress up cattle (generally cattle) and to remove it to the yard in the morning. If she crossed a shed threshold the right leg - wait for kind year. Surely bake ritual “ Taree hats “. In it put a mascot - fasolina, button or coin. Divide bread on number of family members. Successful year expects the one to whom the treasured piece with a mascot came across.
Still there is a custom according to which through a flue the rope with the suspended sack in which put gifts, cards with wishes, toys, sweets is passed.
In the Armenian New year traditionally neighbors and relatives go to each other with congratulations and, crossing a house threshold, scatter kernels of nuts.
The Armenian holiday table always struck with luxury, aroma and abundance of foods. It is decorated by the most various dishes: a shish kebab, a tolm, a hashlama, lyulya - kebab, a kyuft, a gaplama and many other things. The dessert table is presented by fruit, different cakes, baklava, a favourite national sudzhukh with nuts, Gotha - flat cake with a sweet stuffing, and also candied fruits. The holiday table does not do without the well-known Armenian cognac and wine. And, of course, not to do without host and toasts, and now also a karaoke!
On one old New Year`s picture children came to congratulate hosts, the young man holds a zurna in hand. Lyrics were various: jokes, wishes, praise to family members (from them children waited for gifts). Sometimes children took with themselves the dried-up pumpkin with the crosswise patterns which are cut through in it. Inside they put the lit candle which bright beams shone in darkness of night. In some districts such lamps were made of clay.
For example, in Varanda children on three rose by the rooftop, and so far two of them played national musical instruments and sang, the third lowered the lamp suspended on a rope in a smoke hole. Then hosts gave to children of sweet, filled in the socks and sacks connected especially for it.
In Zangezure children, having formed groups, walked on houses in red clownish suits and in hands of everyone was on a candle. And children of neighbors health verses congratulated.
In the different areas of Armenia the holiday was called in own way: Tarenut - beginning of year, Tareglukh - the head of year, Kakhand that the beginning of month means. This name also served as a name for the Armenian Father Frost - Kakhand Papias .