Why in Oranienbaum there are two monuments to the one who never was in the city?
B besides anniversary of the city of Oranienbaum - Lomonosov were celebrated 2011 300 - the anniversary since the birth of Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov. The scientist made of Pomors for Russia much, but according to historical data never was in Oranienbaum, and meanwhile the city of Oranienbaum was renamed into his honor, and the monument costs to it on the central Dvortsovy Avenue.
Soviet partvlastyyu in 1948 in honor of the scientist - the poet Lomonosov I am negative To renaming of the city. In - the first, from - for the fact that it in the city did not appear though it is possible to see the mosaic tables and steklyarusny panels in the Chinese palace made in Lomonosov`s workshops and fireworks it made in Academy for Oranienbaum, and even he wanted to present a nochezritelny pipe for Pyotr Fedorovich in Oranienbaum. Yes here the trouble - one week prior to this event, in July, 1762, Ekaterina overthrew the husband - the lawful emperor from a throne and ordered to strangle him in Ropshe. And Mikhaylo Vasilyevich so in Oranienbaum also did not appear. Not on the cards...
Why it is necessary to return to the city a name? The city received the great name Oranienbaum from the founding father prince Ingermanlandiya and the generalissimo Menshikov (present, 2013 in Oranienbaum it is decided to devote memories of the founder of the city). And the more deeply I plunge into history of Oranienbaum, the more I incline to thought that it is necessary to return to the city its historical name taking the sources from a dynasty of dukes Oransky, kings of the Netherlands and England.
Lomonosov was the talented inventor - the chemist, the mechanic, he a lot of things managed to invent, but the fashion on products and Lomonosov`s inventions in his time did not appear. Both all its inventions and opening died in a decade after Lomonosov`s death. A lot of things Lomonosov began, but was not in time, or did not want to finish. The fat end was not put to different areas of its activity. And verses - that both Radishchev, and Pushkin scolded it. And its Slavic history was finished by professor - a normanist Miller. And when it was necessary to find a symbol of a panslavyanizm and the choice fell on Lomonosov, probably, from - for its “mean“ (as called people of not noble rank earlier) origins, it was necessary also plant of porcelain which secret was opened by the fellow student on study in Germany Vinogradov, to call by the name of Lomonosov, and to look for the city with unfriendly foreign sounding for an ear of the father of the people to rename it in Lomonosov.
Nevertheless, there is Lomonosovsky district in the territory of which the manor of Ust - Ruditsa where Lomonosov created the factory of color glass was once located.
Why not to return to the city its historical name Oranienbaum, and the area let proceeds to be called Lomonosov? Oranienbaum - Lomonosov is a part of St. Petersburg as municipality, and Lomonosovsky district is a part of other territorial subject of the federation - the Leningrad region. there is no
of It in what other place of our country any more, and maybe all Earth and even the Universe...
In August, 2009 I was lucky to get on the excursion organized by society VOOPIK of Oranienbaum which guide was a director of Biological institute professor Dmitry Vladimirovich Osipov. Many years Dmitry Vladimirovich also collected and created the anthology of stay of Mikhail Lomonosov in Lomonosovsky district. This excursion in Ust - Ruditsu opened for me other Lomonosov - the talented inventor, the mechanic, the chemist who could not, did not want and was not able to make the inventions necessary to society of the time. He could create from scratch the bases of new unprecedented productions, such “ingermanlandsky dreamer“, the innovator of the 18th century. It seemed so interestingly that I became interested already specifically in Lomonosov`s identity and everything that is connected with him, especially in images of all artifacts connected with this name too.
Later some time (though on the nature I am not a collector) the card with the image of a monument to Mikhail Lomonosov where our most known city monument is represented against some unknown houses falls of me into hands. Card “Izogiz“ of 1961. On a reverse side of a card the following text is written: “G. D. Glikman (river of 1913) The monument to M. V. Lomonosov in Lomonosov“
the Monument on a card is represented by the Leningrad Region of 1955 it seems our native - a rambovsky big bust of Lomonosov on a rectangular gray granite pedestal, from below the boy on a pristupochka with the book, and houses at a background cost unfamiliar. I with this card went to the familiar veterans whose childhood passed in Rambov, and received interesting particulars and about this monument, and about the former city.
Originally in 1954 a monument - a bust Gabriel Glikman`s works established to M. V. Lomonosov in Leningrad on the platform of the Baltic station from where electric trains go to Oranienbaum. In historical information it was explained by the fact that near Oranienbaum founded by the prince Alexander Danilovich Menshikov in 1710 there was M. V. Lomonosov Ust`s estate - Ruditsa where the scientist in 1753 founded factory on production of color smalts. In memory of it in 1948. the city of Oranienbaum was renamed by the Decree of Presidium of the Supreme Council of RSFSR into the city Lomonosov, and on the platform of electric trains of the oraniyenbaumsky direction at the Baltic station in several years the monument to Lomonosov was put.
Summer of 1955 Lomonosov`s bust was removed and established already on a platform of railway station “Oranienbaum“ where the photographer also imprinted a monument. Houses which are represented on a card behind a monument stood along Karasta down the street Leningrad (St. Petersburg), and subsequently were demolished. Near the platform the bust staid some more years. The base from a monument can still be seen in a small public garden when you go from an electric train: on the right bushes and trees, there just grow and there was second “apartment“ of a monument.
In 1961 to 250 - to the anniversary since the birth of the scientist the monument was transferred to a cozy public garden on Yunogo Leninets Avenue (nowadays - Dvortsovy Avenue. 12 / 8), where it also costs in the place, habitual for citizens.
In the city of Rambov as locals Lomonosov call, there is one more granite monument to Lomonosov, on Oraniyenbaumsky Avenue. His authors - the sculptor N. S. Kochukov, architects A. I. Alymov, V. N. Roshchin. It is open on November 12, 1985. Monument height together with a granite pedestal - 400 cm. The monument is gift of on-stage performance group to the city to Lomonosov in connection with 275 - y anniversary since the birth of the scientist.
Say that the granite pedestal of granite Lomonosov was taken from Francis I`s monument from Petrodvorets - Peterhof, and is presented to the city to Lomonosov. And gifts - not otdarka! There are still plaster busts of Lomonosov in the closed territories and in the museum.
The honourable inhabitant of Rambov artist Anatoly Petrov to anniversary of the city composed ridiculous verses:
... That there was Lomonosov here - is not registered anywhere!
Perhaps it stopped on small need here?
But do not trust this baize, the scoffer thought up, Lomonosov across Rambov never passed
Where went our scientist? Our answer is always ready:
Went to Ruditsa Mikhaylo through Old Peterhof.