Rus Articles Journal

How the Soviet sculptor Glikman became the German painter with a world name?

In emigrations 70 - summer Glikman was born as the painter, created the main picturesque cloths and found a world fame (though began to be engaged in painting long ago, in Leningrad). Having been

in the West where it was still little-known, Gabriel Glikman, after a number of moving, lodged in Munich in 1982. There he extraordinary successfully creates in different genres of painting, graphics, a sculpture. It is enough to tell that for these years in Germany its exhibitions in Berlin, Hamburg, Hanover, on the island Zilt and, of course, repeatedly on its new homeland - in Munich took place.

And to Baden - Baden and Wiesbaden two bronze monuments to Dostoyevsky of work of Gabriel Glikman are established. And exactly here, in the West, Glikman discovers for himself other Russia, from - for censorships a little familiar to him in the homeland - Russia Berdyaev and Florensky, mature Kandinsky and Stelletsky, Leontyev and late Bunin, Russia of great variety of the creators who died or who appeared behind a board of official Soviet history of art. So “The spiritual chronicle of Russia“ of Glikman - a cycle of portraits of devotees of the Russian culture is born. The artist spoke about him: “The main thing in people and in their creativity - spirit, high spirituality, obsession it that is so characteristic of Russia. And I tried to express it language of paints, lines, compositions, rhythms“. In this series - Gumilev, Akhmatova, Blok, Pasternak, Yesenin, Mandelstam, Meyerhold, Filonov, Zoshchenko, Babel, Tsvetaeva, Solzhenitsyn, Sakharov, Stravinsky`s portraits, etc. not only the Russian spiritual life concerns with

In Germany Glikman.
the Western art inspires him on a big series of portraits which can also be defined as “the spiritual chronicle“. Among them - Shakespeare, Rembrandt, Kant, Proust, Cezanne, Renoir, Mahler, Rilke, Kafka, Einstein`s portraits. During life in the West finally there was a peculiar and unique style of the artist Gabriel Glikman. It was promoted also by the special free atmosphere of Munich - it stimulated rapid development of his plans, creative searches and finds. Often in researches of critics about Glikman`s creativity it is noted that all largest art directions of the XX century found a peculiar realization and development in it.

Over 70 exhibitions in many countries of Europe took place (Germany, England, Holland, Poland, etc.) in America and in Australia. More than 600 works of the artist (picturesque cloths, graphic works, sculptures) are in the museums and private collections in Russia, the USA, Germany, France, Israel, Poland, Italy, Holland, Belgium, England, Brazil, Spain, Japan.

From the very beginning of Glikman`s emigration our compatriots - the Russian composers, actors, poets supported. Having appeared abroad, Glikman began to create monuments to composers. He was popular. When thirty works were bought from it by Mstislav Rostropovich - here - that about Glikman and started talking.
of his picture was constantly got by the composer Zhurbin. The biggest collection of pictorial works and graphics is in a private collection of the variety actor Lev Gorelik in Saratov - 300 works, a half of all pictorial works of Gabriel Glikman.

Gabriel Glikman`s portraits are unexpected on the refinement and freedom, on courage of invasion into characters great and in a consent - disagreement with them. Impudence, kindness, shocking. Portraits of those whom he well knew are especially interesting and with whom long was on friendly terms: as it is cold, it is irreconcilable grozen, an all-seeing eye of Shostakovich is cruel in estimates!

Gabriel Glikman left memories of creative people of its era with which he was familiar. His memories of the conductor Maestro Mravinsky with which it was connected by the creative and friendly relations were for the first time published in the magazine “Star“ No. 5 of 2003.

Gabriel Glikman died in 2003 in Germany at the age of 90 years as contemporaries wrote: “mighty, fine, gone blind. The Leningrad sculptor, the participant of war, the graduate of art academy, Dmitry Shostakovich`s friend, the author of the only exhibition in the USSR which existed the whole two days...“