Rus Articles Journal

Whether will return a nationality to the passport?

What is a nationality? To whom and why it is necessary? The nationality though is considered conditional concept, but exactly thanks to a national identity it is possible to define common features of character and a way of life of the person.

the Nationality - belonging of the person to a certain ethnic group with features of language, traditions, customs and genetically - the caused constitution.

The nationality is and politically - legal category which existence defines accessory of the person as the full citizen, to this or that country. The nationality in some countries is the basis for the accelerated and simplified obtaining nationality.

Very often “nationality“ are naturalized for though these concepts and do not coincide on sense. It is possible to be Russian and not to live in Russia. It is possible to be the Russian on the birth, but to have a nationality, for example, the Belarusian. And it does not mean that the person “got lost“ not in the country.

Now in a number of the states, including and in the Russian Federation, nationality has the bigger defining status, than a nationality. Perhaps because the Russian Federation - the multinational country. Will kindle an interethnic fire it is fraught with consequences. And it is not important who makes the title nation. Each people have the right for a voluntary identification and preservation of the national identity and culture.

If to glance in history, one may say, that the nationality as concept appeared in the 19th century in Europe. Exactly during this period there took place process of formation of the European nations.

The column “nationality“ was borrowed also by imperial Russia, but in the documents of that time proving the identity it was not.

Companion Lenin specified a nationality in the biographical particulars “member of the party Great Russia“. What relation to “Great Russia“ his ancestors - Jews and Germans had, nobody asked.

During the postrevolutionary period the idea of national pride, national equality and a brotherhood in communistic revolution played a large role therefore the column “nationality“ was not very significant.

“The fifth point“ was again entered into the passport by I. V. Stalin. There is an opinion that it was made for the sake of drain of the different people among themselves. In 1932 it was published to the Resolution “About Establishment of Uniform Passport System across USSR and an Obligatory Registration of Passports“ according to which all citizens of the USSR are more senior than 16 years had to have passports in which the nationality was specified.

Since then the nationality became the obligatory fifth column in the passport of the citizen of the USSR.

With independence finding part of the states of the former Soviet Union abolished this column. Nationality was nominated to the first place by .

In our times the nationality subject is actual again. Politicians bring up this question also. According to the draft of the new law some marks of the passport, including and a nationality, will be put down if the citizen is agrees to that.

Who why and for what purpose plays the nationalist card now, will show time.

It is believed hardly in purity of intentions of authors of the bill.