Nettle. In what its force?
Nettle dvudomny (Urtica dioica L.) it is known to all, and it is not necessary to be the botanist to know about its “burning“ properties. She is a faithful companion of the person at all times. Its thickets can always be found about housing, on “cultural deposits“. It does not attract eyes with beauty and is not friendly on a touch, but at all times was used by the person as a medicinal, food and technical plant.
the Patrimonial name “Urtica“ has Latin roots - “urere“, it means to burn down that quite corresponds to properties of a plant. The specific name “dioica“ means dvudomny, i.e. indicates that pistillate and man`s flowers are on different individuals. This “idea“ of the nature does not allow self-pollination at a plant.
The name “nettle“ comes from the Old Russian word of a koprin - silk. In Russia, and not only, for receiving fiber used several species of plants. One of them - a nettle. For this purpose she not only was brought together in the nature, but also specially grown up. Today grow up too, but on other purposes.
And who read G.`s fairy tale - H. Andersen “Wild swans“? For those who forgot, we will remind: the princess Elza rescued 11 brothers, wild swans, the fact that she weaved for them chain armors out of nettle stalks, threw them, and they turned into princes charming. Very beautiful story about force of fidelity and love. And national legends about a magic power of a nettle were the basis for the fairy tale.
On a national belief, mermaids and witches most of all are afraid of an aspen and nettles. It traditionally drove away evil spirit, for this purpose on Ivan Kupala hanged out nettle snopik, and the next Sunday after the Trinity “for prevention“ quilted each other a nettle!
The chemical composition of a nettle is studied rather in detail.
Roots and rhizomes contain alkaloid nicotine, vitamin C, tannins. In elevated part organic acids, essential oil, sitosterol are found. Complex of B1, B2, C, E, K, PP vitamins, carotene. Among phenolic connections - gallovy acid, tannins (in stalks - to 3,2%), flavonoids (1,96%). Leaves contain starch (to 10%), a glycoside urtitsin, alkaloids (0,019%-0,29%), acetylcholine, a histamine, benzopyrones, carotinoids (carotene, xanthophyll, violaksantin). A significant amount of a chlorophyll (to 5%). A big set micro - and macrocells. In fresh leaves a significant amount of K1 vitamin which when drying collapses. In seeds a large amount of fat oil (16-33%), in its composition of 73,6% of linoleic acid is revealed.
In hard times the nettle rescued the person from a scurvy and hunger, it was used in the form of mashed potatoes, soups, salads. Even salted for the future! And at some people it is traditionally included into the menu in the form of a stuffing for pies and vareniki. In its young leaves of ascorbic acid is twice more, than in blackcurrant berries! 100 grams of a fresh nettle provide a human body with a daily dose of all necessary elements. For certain many of readers early in the spring from a fresh nettle (do not forget to pour boiled water!) prepare vitamin salatik. And if still to water them with rastoropshevy oil, then it is not just useful, and superpolezno!
Not only the princess Elza sewed clothes from a nettle. The fibrous structure of a stalk allows to use it as a spinning plant and to produce strong threads, sound fabric. In time ˛ world war when England and the USA stopped supply of cotton to Germany, to the German soldiers sewed backpacks, belts, bags and even a form from a krapivny cloth. Nowadays fiber is used for production of a sacking, a twine, fishing grids.
From leaves industrially allocate a chlorophyll and use it in pharmaceutical production, for coloring of foodstuff, soap. Nettle extracts around the world use in dermatology, cosmetology. From leaves receive fine green paint, and from rhizomes - yellow. For certain many know that the products shifted by a fresh nettle even in hot weather do not spoil one - two days.
It is necessary to mention also fodder value of this remarkable plant. The stalks crushed in flour - fine feed additive in animal husbandry. And if to give to hens flour, nettle seeds, then they will rush all winter.
Even in archeology the nettle “told“ the loaded word. In 1880 the Swedish scientist A. Nordensheld found in Greenland for ancient parking of Vikings in places of distribution of a silverweed goose and nettles a two-blast furnace.
The modern medicine uses a leaf of a nettle and its rhizome with roots, and in traditional medicine use also flowers, seeds, juice. The nettle has various and effective effect on activity of an organism: antimicrobic, anti-inflammatory, restoring. It is possible to esteem in special literature in more detail. Let`s give some simple dosage forms which can be prepared in house conditions. We ask to consider that before application needs to get advice of the doctor! with
Infusion of leaves of a nettle - 10 g (or 2 tablespoons) dry raw materials fill in 200 ml of boiled water. Accept on a half or a quarter of a glass of 3-5 times a day.
- fresh roots to crush nettle extract and to lay densely in bank. To fill in 400 ml of alcohol, to allow to be drawn two weeks, then to merge. To accept 25 - 30 drops in a small amount of water 3 times a day.
Fresh juice of a nettle - on one teaspoon 3 times a day.
Powder of seeds of a nettle - on 2 - 3 g at one time, washing down with water, 3 times a day.
Relatively recently it was established that in a nettle there are substances which interfere with disintegration of men`s hormone of testosterone extremely necessary for normal functioning of a prostate gland. In their plant most of all is in rhizomes with roots. In Germany, France, Hungary and other countries from them make liquid extract and various preparations for treatment of prostatitis and adenoma of a prostate at men. In this regard work on an okulturivaniye of a nettle and expansion of its preparations in the nature was sped up.