Rus Articles Journal

For what in Paris put a monument to grisettes?

B 19 - m in France in a circle of contacts were a century not enough “decent girl“ from middle class of men. Therefore the “decent“ bourgeois woman did not know how to behave outdoors, in the outside world which represented mainly “men`s“ society.

From ignorance there were also tragedies, type of the tragedy of Madame Bovary. Grisettes, living in huge Paris, faced a large number of men, and they were able to communicate with them.

Communication it was not only business and not only Platonic. But beloved to themselves grisettes, unlike prostitutes, chose. And to be pleasant to the lovely seamstress, from men courting was required at least and small, but. Eventually the grisette had three types of acquaintances some of which - life is life - became lovers. And often - at the same time.

In - the first, it were age-mates, the Parisian young people, most often students. Communication with them was cheerful and short, two - three months, half a year is rare. Devoted to these gentlemen of the girl Sundays. Went to the suburb, arranged picnics, boated. In a picture O. of Renoir “A breakfast of oarsmen“ (1881) such company is represented.

At the end of 19 - go centuries in Paris there were many sewing workshops in which young girls worked. For lightning appointments to beloved they used a lunch break. Therefore them called “midinetka“ (from the French word “ of midi “ - “ midday “). At a midinetok there were favourite vegetable marrows and a bistro, the favourite entertainments, the rituals. So, those from them which were 25 years old - age serious for those times - and which still were not she is married, organized a party. At this party they solemnly devoted themselves in old maids then not without pride wore the corresponding dress. This party was organized on December 7, in day of Saint Ekaterina who was considered as the patroness of virgins. From now on medinetka passed under Saint Ekaterina`s protection and began to call themselves by “katrinetka“ .

The second type of acquaintances of the grisette was the man of mature years, as a rule, the bourgeois burdened with affairs and a family. The grisette met this “dad“ one or two times a week. About unconditional love here, of course, the speech did not go. This acquaintance paid for a fresh body and young kisses - a good increase to low earnings of the grisette. Happened that on this money the grisette disinterestedly fed up the poor friend, the starving student.

By the way, grisettes made the contribution and to the French cookery. Thanks to them cookies - ship`s biscuits appeared. Originally a ship`s biscuit was called pie which girls baked for themselves and for the beloved in an oven. This pie was flat and round, similar to sea pebble (in French “ of galet “).

At last, among familiar men the grisette in mind had one or two quite positive persons, the Parisian workers or workmen. It were men not of early age, but still unmarried. With them the girl expected to establish a family. It was necessary to wait only when future spouse saves up enough money to provide future family. Communication with these men included also love joys too, but the attitude towards them was another, than to young students or elderly “trustees“. In future husband reliability, quiet self-confidence, any, but education, the developed tastes and outlooks on life under which the girl, of course, humoured, but without special work because it were views and tastes quite clear to it was appreciated.

The man had similar aspirations too. On the girlfriend - the grisette he looked as at future spouse, necessarily covering eyes on her current entertainments. It is necessary to tell that such communication usually came to an end with marriage. Also there was a family based on slightly other relation than former bourgeois families. Property equality of spouses was almost obvious here. Therefore the large role was played by warm tendency and mutual respect. The thoughtless and cheerful florist became quite virtuous wife and mother.

Grisettes were very noticeable on the Parisian streets. At these young ladies money therefore they watched themselves were found and tried to dress well. They had an any education too. And they studied much, constantly communicating with ladies from society for whose service, actually, and received the money.

So in Paris in the last third 19 - go centuries the circle of women for which Dumas - the son thought up the name “twilight“ ( of demimond ) was formed, as if opposing it to “high society“ (“beau monde“). Both kept women, and dear prostitutes - cocottes entered a semi-secular circle except honest toilers - grisettes. Women of this circle formed the world, as if parallel to the world of women of fashion. These worlds, though were parallel, meanwhile all the time were crossed. Demimondaines visited the same Parisian shops, walked in the same Bois de Boulogne, came into the same cafes and even into the Opera. Though, frankly speaking, they preferred shows more vulgar, and teatrik more cheerful. Exactly thanks to this circle of the viewers in Paris the operetta blossomed. And when there was a cinema, the audience for movie theaters was already created by “semi-secular“ ladies and their friends.

Grisettes is the whole era in lives of Paris, nearly eighty years. So it is not surprising that in Paris among a set of monuments to the most different historical persons and events there is also a modest monument to the grisette. It is the girl`s sculpture - florists, put in 1911. Created this monument of Jeanne - Bernard Dekom (Jean - Bernard Descomps) (1872-1948) . The monument to the grisette is at Jules Ferree Square (Square Jules - Ferry) in the 11th district of Paris, opposite to the channel Seong - Marten. It absolutely near the area of the Republic.