What song became the first Soviet smash hit?
B 1976 the famous Soviet singer, the people`s artist of RSFSR and the winner of an award of Lenin Komsomol Eduard Khil executed a cheerful song without words (more true from one all the word “Tra - La - La“ sung in every possible way). If somebody told it that in many years this pustyakovina will glorify it for the whole world, he would not believe for anything. But glorified
! At the beginning of 2010 someone (possibly, just for a trick) laid out the old clip on Youtube. This clip was watched by tens of millions of people. Eduard Khil under the pseudonym “Mr. Trololo“ became the Internet star. The song without words became a world smash hit! Who could think?
And anybody! The birth of a superpopular song - every time a riddle and for experts - art critics, and for colleagues - musicians, and for the author. Post - faktum they try to define why this song became popular, and find an explanation. But nobody can predict emergence of the following smash hit (or, perhaps, a hit).
The word “smash hit“ comes from the German word “Schlag“ which means the same, as English “hit“ - “blow“. Smash hits or hits at the beginning of 20 - go centuries called popular movies, “broken cash desk“. In Russia for them the word “fighter“ which lived till present time was thought up. However, now it is considered to be as the fighter only that movie where there are a firing, fights and pursuits. Before revolution by the fighter there could be also a love story. The word “smash hit“ got over also in other types of mass art. In particular, smash hits began to call super - popular songs.
Revolution, of course, perebalamutit the Russian life. But it was more difficult to change people, than to change a political system and official ideology. As soon as “the Soviet mash was covered with ooze“, both sentimental movies, and love songs were necessary.
In 1924 one such song was composed on popular then “vagrant“ melody by the poet Pawee Hermann (1894-1952) . On an attestation of eyewitnesses the song was written that is called, straight off, for half an hour. It was called “The song about brick-works“. But soon the name was reduced to “Bricks“. “Bricks“ were the city romance, and everything in the song occurred by rules of this genre. Girl and guy, love and appointments, separation and meeting. Only the love story already in the Soviet scenery was played. Heroes found happiness at the native brick-works restored after ruin. In total without boffinry, without claims, everything is clear to “wide layers of listeners“.
And listeners voted for the song. Money. Gramophone records dispersed from an artless song immediately. “Bricks“ became a smash hit. And so it turned out, the first Soviet smash hit. “Soviet“ not in the birthplace, and according to contents. “After Smolny, happiness free, the working breast Was developed“ - try explain to somebody that this means, year, say, in 1913. And in 1924 no explanations were required any more. Ideologically sustained the song turned out.
Popularity of a melody played a role too. Though authors of music specified V. Ya. Kruchinin, B. A Prozorovsky, both of them were only arrangers. “Bricks“ set to music a pre-revolutionary waltz which was written by the composer Semyon Beylizon (1883-1953) . The waltz was called “Two doggies“ and entered the cycle “Circus Impressions“. Popular, at least, in “the cultural capitals“, that is in Moscow, Leningrad, Kharkiv and in Odessa, the melody became in 1924 after V. Meyerhold`s performance “Wood“. The performance was super - innovative and caused many rumors. Not really kind parody gives some idea what action was. The performance “Marriage“ in theater of Columbus described in “Twelve chairs“ of I. Ilf and E. Petrov was also far from the classical original as Meyerhold “Wood“. Even the ironical statement about Meyerhold creation went: “The wood is cut, Shchepkin flies“.
And so, in the performance “Wood“ appointment of two lovers happened under music of “Two doggies“. Humour - with! The loud performance recovered an old melody, and on this recovered melody the new song very well laid down.
Also severe criticism from colleagues was a sign that at Pawee Hermann the smash hit turned out. The reason of criticism seems one and very simple - envy. On the song hung a label “trite“ and “petty-bourgeois“. The same I. Ilf and E. Petrov already in “A gold calf“ oppose two worlds.
In the big world the diesel - the motor is invented, “Dead souls“ are written, the Dnieper hydrostation is constructed and flight round the world is made. In the small world the shouting bubble “is invented leave - leave“, the song “Bricks“ is written and style trousers “envoy“ are constructed. In the big world moves people aspiration to do much good for mankind. The small world is far from such lofty matters. Its inhabitants have one aspiration - as - nibud to live, without hungering. As we see
, the ill-fated song is already put in the corresponding number of things scanty and useless. Pawee Hermann, however, managed to reflect blows of the envying colleagues. Slightly earlier, than “Bricks“, he wrote “March of pilots“. You remember? “We are given birth that to make the fairy tale bylyyu“. The author of this song was not decided to be criticized. Therefore probably Hermann also survived in the most dashing times.
As a low-standard song “Bricks“ are remembered in strongly forgotten movie “Hi, Moscow!“. Ask the grandfathers and grandmothers watching this movie in 1945 what episode they remember. Of course, in what Sergey Filippov declares to public in a pothouse that he will sing the Russian national song “Bricks“ now. Then gets from a case instead of a bayan bricks. By the way, the status of the “Russian national song“ appropriated to the song - the testimony of popularity. Even if condemned officially.
One more certificate of “shlyagernost“ of “Bricks“ - a huge number of alterations and perepevka of this song. It is clear, what the song little-known or just bad, will not begin to be turned in a new way.