Balsam. How to grow up this delicate flower?
Behind a window winter. Garden plants sleep. Room, in the majority, have a rest. And at flower growers - fans of a hand scratch and the soul demands something brand new, bright, warm. It is a high time to remember a balsam - a spark, or Vanka wet as it is called in the people.
is decorated More than four hundred years by a balsam of a window of our houses. In recent years modern plants tried to force out it, but it did not turn out - the room balsam, thanks to efforts of selectors, wins the status of a pet again. He gratuitously gives away to us smiles of the touching, delicate flowers and extinguishes negative consequences of vital disorders.
This plant is from the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa. It belongs to family balsamico which contains more than 400 types. From them in areas with a temperate climate in the Northern hemisphere only 8 types grow.
The name of family - a Latin origin, means “impatient“. At some types mature fruits at the slightest touch to them crack, and seeds scatter on considerable distances. For this property the balsam is called also the touchy person.
Plentiful and long blossoming was the cause to British to call this plant of “Lizzie`s hlopotunye“, and to Germans - “diligent Lisa“. The Austrians compare a balsam to the beautiful girl and call it “fine a wreath“. Despite the seeming simplicity, appropriated to it as well the philosophical name - vechnotsvt.
Balsams happen upright, bush and ampelous. Flowers at them irregular shape, happen simple and terry, single and collected in friable inflorescences, some types have a shporets. By the form makhrovost divide flowers on rozovidny, kamelevidny and gvozdikovidny. A fruit - a juicy oblong box.
Now the set of the grades and hybrids having various coloring is removed. Excellently purple, pink, white, lilac, red and two-color flowers of balsams look against emerald greens.
One of wild-growing types - the forest balsam - is long since applied in traditional medicine of inhabitants of the Urals and Siberia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. This look grows in damp places, flowers at it yellow, with shporets. It is well settled thanks to the “shooting“ seed boxes.
Broth of fresh leaves is used for washing of wounds, by treatments of ulcers and hemorrhoids, and also at stones in kidneys and a bladder. Tincture on seeds, roots and flowers (to draw 20 g of mix on 100 ml of alcohol within three weeks) kills a headache and helps at overfatigue. Accept tincture on 30 drops for the night.
It is necessary to know that a balsam is toxic , its chemical composition maloizuchen therefore treatment needs to be carried out with care. At overdose dizziness and vomiting is possible.
In Central Asia make of roots of a forest balsam it is yellow - red paint.
To grow up a balsam absolutely simply. One of ways of its reproduction - cherenkovany which can be used at all seasons of the year and in 2 - 3 months to have the blossoming plant.
So, we take shanks (it is possible even blossoming), we delete buds and flowers, we put in water. In 5 - 10 days backs will appear. We put kids in small pots in friable nutritious zemlesmes. When shanks start in growth, prishchipyvay tops for stimulation of a kushcheniye and acceleration of blossoming.
In 2 - 2,5 months the first buds will appear. As required young balzaminchik it is necessary to feed up fertilizer for the blossoming plants. But the balsam can refuse to blossom if the pot is too spacious; roots have to braid all earth lump that will become guarantee of violent blossoming.
The balsam loves water therefore it is necessary to provide it with sufficient watering. During the winter period to receive magnificent blossoming, the flower should be held at a light window, and whenever possible to add artificial lighting.
The second way of reproduction - seed . If you like to experiment, collect seeds from the pets. Their descendants can give the most unexpected coloring of flowers.
Seeds will ascend quicker if to put them in peat tablets, in everyone - on one sunflower seed. For germination seeds of a balsam need light therefore they need to be placed on a surface, without covering with earth. To place tablets in a plastic box with a cover, for example, from cake or cookies - it will turn out excellent pass - a small greenery. To put a small greenery to the warm and light place.
In 10 - 15 days shoots will seem. After emergence of two real leaflets of kids together with tablets it is necessary to replace in small pots to the friable nutritious earth.
When plants will enough grow up and will get stronger, they can be made multiple copies also the top shanks remaining from a prishchipyvaniye, forming at the same time bushes.
In summertime room balsams can be taken out on a balcony, in a garden or to put for a window. They love light, but not direct sunshine therefore them it is necessary pritenyat.
As well as all plants, at balsams have small secrets: flower kidneys hide under leaves. When the flower blossoms, it will appear under an umbrella which will protect it from a rain and the hot sun.
And still the balsam “cries“ - on its gear leaflets there are transparent droplets, sweet on taste. Over time droplets turn into sugary substance on which ants like to regale.
Balsams are surprised a web tick and a plant louse, in such cases not to do without insecticides. After treatment of a plant are quickly restored.
Please yourself and the family - get a balsam among winter! This tireless plant will blossom all the year round and to load your house with positive power.