How to learn to shoot a bow on - samurai?
Archery - it is beautiful. The tense bowstring, the strained muscles, the unclenched fingers and beautiful flight of the lonely arrow, with whistle dissecting air. People made the first onions in a paleolith, about twelve thousand years ago. And ever since this weapon accompanied the person on hunting, in the war, in rituals.
Emergence of guns at the end of the Middle Ages marked the end of an era of onions, and they were gone until the end of the 19th century when firing was reopened, but already as sport. Now at each summer Olympic Games we can see the bulky designs which are hardly reminding those onions with a set of strange devices.
Far Japan was not an exception in promoting of firearms. In the middle of the 16th century the Portuguese ships brought on the coast of the Land of the rising sun of an arkebuza which received the name “Tanegashima“. But in Japan art of archery was not forgotten. It had much deeper roots, than in Europe - Japanese always gave to the handling of any weapon a deep meaning, and up to now many schools which arose in the Middle Ages teach the address with a sword, a spear or onions.
Of course, not only in Japan traditional firing was not forgotten, but only there enclosed so much sense in it, having turned it in “ęţäî“ that is literally translated as “a way of onions“. Besides, kyudo - the only thing from all traditional types of firing which became popular not only in the country where it was born, but also around the world.
So in what a secret kyudo and why today thousands of people not only in Tokyo and Kyoto study it, but also in New - York, Paris, Moscow and other western cities? As well as any Japanese martial art - “áóäî“, kyudo it is impossible to call sport. Its purpose - not a victory at competitions, not a gain of new ranks. The Japanese Federation of Kyudo calls a main goal of practice of a way of “shi-zen-bi“ onions. It can be translated approximately as “truth, generosity, beauty“.
It is religious - the philosophical aspect in kyudo is very important. It is considered to be that it is dzensky art. The zen - the Buddhism indeed rendered on kyudo, as well as on all arts of Japanese, a great influence from the Middle Ages. Then in kyudo the majority of its philosophical component appeared. The Samurais practicing budo in the period of Edo put big sense in all actions. But influence on kyudo other religion - the Japanese Shintoism was much more ancient. In it archery is used in many rituals, and it began in the VII-VIII centuries. Today in different Shinto temples across all Japan firing makes important part of religious practice.
The technology of firing in kyudo did not change several centuries. For the European it can seem quite strange. Onions in the kendo - yum, have the unique form. Its length - is more than two meters, and it still is made of a bamboo, a tree and skin, as well as a century ago. It is asymmetric, the handle halves it not, and proportions one to two (top). It yum became in the period of Nar, approximately in the 5th century of our era and to precisely tell why ancient Japanese gave him such form, difficult.
Yumi - the weapon is not simple as it is perceived by Europeans. Japanese have onions, as well as a sword - a subject of great respect. It - almost live, has “soul“, and it is necessary to treat him suitably. The shot from onions is strictly regulated too. The correct equipment includes eight positions - to “hasseets“. Onions are held in the left hand, on right are put on “ţăŕęý“ - a special glove.
Today kyudo is one of popular sports in Japan. Traditional onions are used in various festivals, the championships collecting a large number practicing kyudo are regularly held, there are clubs kyudo at many schools. But since 1970 - x years “the way of onions“ began to find to itself more and more supporters and in the countries of the West - in Europe, in Australia, in America, clubs kyudo opened, federations were organized. The first of them - European, appeared in 1980.
In Russia kyudo appeared at the beginning of 2000 - x years when in Moscow the first was open for a dodza. Since then kyudo develops quite actively, and now it is possible to be engaged in the Japanese archery in many cities of Russia. So almost any who will want to learn to own onions as the Samurai can find such opportunity near the house.