Edible bast. Than it is useful and how it to grow up?
Inveterate gardeners and gardeners do not sit in the winter, idly. They buy landing material, exchange agricultural secrets and seeds of rare plants with colleagues. A few years ago as such exchange I got five sunflower seeds of a loofah. There was enough time, and I was engaged in information searches about the overseas stranger. And here what learned...
Lyuffa - a universal liana: it can be both food, and medicine, and a bast, and decoration of a garden. Lyuffa belongs to family pumpkin which cultures familiar to us treat kindly: cucumbers, vegetable marrows, pumpkins, the melons, water-melons and less known - a lagenariya, a momordika, an anguriya, a restep white and others.
This liana - the native of subtropical and tropical regions of Asia and Africa. A sort the loofah contains more than fifty types, some of them cultivate. The greatest distribution was gained by a loofah cylindrical and ostrozubchaty. At an ostrozubchaty loofah fruits more small, but it differs in bigger frost resistance and precocity.
This surprising plant - the real decoration of a garden. It looks elegantly throughout all vegetative period: the dense mass of the big trimmed leaves, large yellow flowers, the extended cylindrical fruits will not leave you indifferent.
It is possible to decorate with its escapes reaching five meters in length economic constructions, unattractive places of the land plot, arbor, verandah and fence.
In a stage of a full maturity fruits become dry and fibrous. They are used for production of the basts similar to sponges. Such vegetable sponge does not cause an allergy, along with washing provides good massage of integuments and muscles of a body. Lyuffa - the bast clears skin of the become lifeless cages and improves blood circulation. to turn
As a fruit of a loofah into a bast?for this purpose the ripened fruits needs to dry
a little. When when stirring seeds begin “to rustle“, the ends of fruits need to be cut off and to rind accurately. Further the loofah is filled in with boiled water, wrapped up and maintained 15 - 20 minutes. Still it is possible to boil the prepared fruits 15 minutes in soap solution. Then the loofah is cooled, shake out seeds, delete the peel remains, washed out, dried and made out in the form of a bast.
The fruits processed thus apply also as insoles to footwear and linings for headdresses.
Besides such semi-finished product is used at soap production. Lyuffa as a part of soap carries out functions of a srub: opens a time, facilitates breath of skin, stimulates a shelter - and a limfoobrashcheniye.
How to make soap with a loofah?to kindle
On a water bath, without bringing to boiling, with addition of a small amount of water, children`s soap or a soap basis. At desire to add vegetable dye (beet juice, broth of an onions peel, St. John`s Wort or other natural dyes), essential oils for aromatization, and also peach, almond, olive or other oils.
Carefully to mix mix. To enclose the prepared loofah in suitable cylindrical capacity and to fill in with soap weight. When soap cools down, to release it from capacity and to cut on pieces. Lyuff`s
eat young fruits of a loofah 10 - 20 centimeters long while they keep gentle taste and aroma, and also escapes, leaves, buds and flowers. Green material is extinguished and given as a garnish. Escapes and buds are good in salads.
Immature basts are put in soups, ragout, salads, extinguished with mushrooms or beans. Lyuffa is perfectly combined with garlic. For example to fry the fruits cut by circles in vegetable oil and to fill in with garlick sauce.
It is possible to prepare the loofah stuffed with meat . For this dish it will be required: two fruits, 200 g of forcemeat, 50 g of rice, 50 g of onions, 50 g of green onions, salt, black ground pepper, an oregano and garlic to taste.
To cut Lyuffu circles 3 - 4 cm thick, to remove a core, to boil thoroughly 5 minutes in the added some salt water. To mix forcemeat with the boiled rice small cut by onions, garlic and spices. To stuff a loofah, to put in capacity for suppression, to add the cut green onions, to fill in with broth in which it cooked and to extinguish 5 - 10 minutes.
In east to traditional medicine the loofah is widely used as a herb. At the same time it at the same time is also tasty food. Dishes from this plant have febrifugal effect, are useful at locks, and at nursing mothers raise a lactation.
At chest cough cook porridge from 500 g of a loofah and 100 g of rice. Such medicine clears lungs and promotes office of slime. Eat porridge twice a day before the termination of cough.
Seeds of a loofah contain up to 25% of oil which is suitable for the technical purposes.
How to grow up a loofah in our climatic conditions?
As the loofah a thermophilic plant also has the long vegetative period, it is better to grow up it in the rassadny way or in the greenhouse.
At the end of the March / beginning of April to seed seeds in peat glasses or plastic capacities on depth of 2 - 3 cm of Zemlesmes has to be friable and nutritious. At a temperature of 30 degrees shoots appear for 7 - 10 day.
After emergence of shoots pots should be put on well lit window sill. In an open ground to land after establishment of temperature not less than 15 degrees or to place under film shelter.
The place for landing needs to be chosen solar and protected from the dominating winds. To fill holes with compost or humus. Lyuffa loves top dressing by the nutritious solution prepared from calculation: a glass of a feltwort and a glass of ashes on a water bucket. Do not forget to provide a liana with a support.
Having lodged this exotic plant on the site, you will not be disappointed - you will be provided with beauty, means of hygiene, a valuable food additive and tasty medicine.