What is necessary a fix on spray? We Will assume the short dictionary of the amateur photographer
, you plan to buy the good camera. On the one hand, there is a wish really good, and with another - there is no desire to overpay for unnecessary options. Having gone in the long way, diligently you study instructions and specifications of producers, you read reviews, tests, you attend specialized forums.
Or you decided to pass theoretical part and at once addressed for council the knowing people. And there write that...
Or the camera appeared in your life recently. But there is a wish to understand why the art value of pictures, to put it mildly, does not please. And where that button to do professional shots? You ask for suggestions the guru, and they say that...
The professional slang is in many professions. It arises at all not in order that ordinary people did not understand “secret language“ (excluding unless fenyu), but the circle creates certain obstacles for occurrence in «“. The short dictionary of jargons and some professional terms which most often nonplus beginners is given below.
A side - blurring out of a sharpness zone. Estimate usually in a form and brightness of circles into which bright points turn. Gurus praise a side soft, criticize a side in the form of bagels or polygons. It is possible to experiment with artificial a side, putting on a lens a piece of cardboard with a figured opening in the center, receiving a side in the form of hearts, etc. of
of the Flank - distortion of prospect, from - for whom straight lines in a shot “are stuck out“ the stronger, than closer to edge of a shot. Return case - “pillow“. The barrel and pillow are types of a distortion which in turn belongs to aberrations - various distortions from - for optics. It is not necessary to remember. “Are ill“ distortions, generally “shirik“. It is possible to try to correct in the graphic editor or settings of the camera.
GRIP - or just sharpness depth. Objects prior to the beginning of zone GRIP and its terminations which are later will look indistinct. Allows to separate object of shooting from a background. Is defined by value of a diaphragm. Gurus offer in the help of value of a diaphragm for optimum GRIP in different plots - a single or group portrait, a landscape.
A hole - a diaphragm. A blind with a variable opening in the center for adjustment of a light stream. It is located in a lens. Value of a diaphragm (the size or degree of openness in numerical expression) still is called an aperture. Diaphragm size (together with endurance) influences shot brightness, defines a sharpness zone (see GRIP), respectively, is responsible for sharpness of objects and a side. One of three key parameters of shooting (together with endurance and sensitivity).
A zoom - a lens with variable focal length (so-called short and long “ends“). It is convenient the universality. Gurus consider that the zoom with frequency rate more than three cannot be good.
A whale - a set from a camera (“carcass“) and a lens. As a rule, “whale“ glass - budgetary “zoom“. Gurus buy only the device - “carcass“ because they already have a set of “glasses“.
Krop - a ratio of the size of a matrix of the camera to the classical size of a shot of a film (36ő24 mm). If krop it is equal to unit, the camera is called full frame (FF, full frame), and gurus consider it professional (but not its owner). At amateur cameras krop - the factor is equal 1,5 or 1,6, it is necessary to multiply focal length of a lens by the same number. Example: “Fix“ “on spray 35 mm“ it is approximately equal 50 on FF that is the good choice as the second lens in a set to whale.
Makrik - a lens for macroshooting or the photographer specializing in it.
Relight - the legendary monk - the soldier. Or a shot with loss of details from - for excessive brightness when the light stream is incorrectly calculated. Most often arises at incorrectly exposed manual settings of a diaphragm, sensitivity and endurance, or from - for inaccurate works with flash.
Portretnik - an optimum lens for portraits, usually a fix or a zoom with small frequency rate and svetopoteryam. Preferable focal lengths depend on a type of a portrait (humeral, zone, growth) and shooting conditions (the room, the street). Lenses with small focal length can disproportionately distort features, and with big - limit shooting in small rooms. Gurus advise “fix“ “fifty-kopeck piece“ (see “ęđîď“).
Pykh - flash. Gurus consider that the built-in flash bad as he works only “in a forehead“, from - for what portraits turn out flat, without shadows. It is necessary external or even a little. And still softboks, umbrella and Hasselblad. By the way, “in a ceiling radiate shoot“ that light reflected from a white (as a rule) ceiling covered object more softly.
A stub - the stabilizer. The mechanism or algorithm compensating the micromovements at long excerpts i.e. the fighter against “shevelenka“. Happens in lenses, “carcasses“ and program.
Glass - a lens. Distinguish on focal length, a svetosila, a bayonet joint (the socket of the producer of a camera).
A body - a lens with long focal length, for “firing from far away“. It is convenient for photohunting for wild fauna.
A carcass (baud, a body) - the camera without lens.
A fix - a lens with the fixed focal length (without an opportunity to zoom in the image). Better than “zoom“ a svetosilnost, so to remove in the conditions of insufficient illumination more conveniently. It is limited in respect of application in different plots.
Shevelenka - effect of a smazannost of a shot owing to the movement of the camera in the course of shooting. If it is simpler: hands trembled, and the picture was smeared. It is won by shorter endurance, use of the stabilizer, a support (support), flash, automatic release, a rope. Or training.
Shirik - a wide-angle lens. Generally for landscapes or architecture.
Noise - digital “garbage“ in the form of points. Arises at great values of ISO (sensitivity) and increases with heating of a matrix. Gurus advise correctly to expose parameters, to use “shumodava“. And to esteem about night shooting.
Shumodav - algorithm for reduction of “noise“ and, unfortunately, the murderer of fine details. Happens in the camera or in the graphic editor.
I hope, this dictionary will help with photobusiness development a little. Neither barrels, nor shevelenka to you, colleagues!