Who such Picts? Part 1
At once I will also answer: ancestors of modern Scots. Whether precisely? It seems as cattle has to be ancestors of Scots. Well, cattle. And still Britons from the tribe of votadin and the kingdom Alt Klut. The descendants of the Norwegian Vikings who settled just on islands in the Kingdom of Islands and not only on islands.
And still - Flemish handicraftsmen who in thousands were hired by the king David I for settling of again founded cities. The Norman and Breton knights who became founders at least, quarters of the Scottish clans. Angla, remained in Lothian after this area was won by Indulf Agressor.
Representatives of many people laid a hand to creation of the Scottish nation. And not only hand. But all mentioned, including cattle, appeared in these regions in times quite already historical. And Picts - earlier.
About an origin of Picts various theories are put forward. So they theories also remain. It is very probable that Picts are not Celts, or perhaps even not Indo-Europeans. And if Celts, then awfully distant relatives of the neighbors, Britons and cattle.
It is precisely unknown how people of these people called themselves. It is considered that the name “Picts“ - Latin, given by Romans. Romans distorted the self-name or thought up - unclear. The name recorded Irish to chroniclers of the early Middle Ages - “kruitn“. Also the name meets “attract“.
In all cases it is unknown how the name of these people provided in a source corresponds to the self-name.
How all - they called themselves? I am afraid that in any way. At least, at the beginning.
In the territory which became subsequently Piktaviya, at least, twelve related tribes, and at everyone - the name lived. And the general - it seems as well as it is not necessary for all.
Cornelius Tucidide, the son-in-law of the commander Agricola, the first of Romans intruded in lands of Picts, calls them kaledoniya. But itself notices that it only one of tribes, structure of the coalition resisting to Romans - Caledonia, a meata and others.
The name of “Caledonia“ - too it seems as Latin, but nevertheless is improbable that Thucydides invented it from scratch. Most likely, this distorted (latinizirovanny) self-name also is. But, besides, not all Picts in a crowd, but one of tribes.
Picts were undersized, painted and battled naked.
Even our era did not begin, and Guy Julius Caesar already noted that the British soldiers are in the habit to paint to themselves a face before battle. Caesar did not meet Picts, even to solid Britons did not contact, only to the tribes of belg which rather recently moved on the Island.
It turns out, the fighting coloring was inherent in most of residents of Britain of that time. Than Picts could be allocated especially in this plan?
The fact that except a coloring they put on a face and a body also a tattoo? On it there are certain not clear hints - “iron the ornamented face of the dying pikt“. Of course, to a pikt, fatally wounded in battle, could the person still how to ornament - opponents, during fight, a sword or a spear.
Still option. By the beginning of the 4th century all Britons already were to a greater or lesser extent Romans and persons ceased to paint. And independent Picts continued. And the latinena they for it were called artists - pikt. Even - what there in Latin to get, be troubled. It is simpler to bring the name of these people out of modern English “picture“ - the picture.
Picts battled naked. Not in that sense, of course, that in general - it is strongly inconvenient and the climate does not promote. But, of course, the piktsky soldier in trousers and a shirt - let even in a suit and at a tie - lawfully was considered naked in comparison with the Roman legionary in an iron armor or a chain armor.
Archeologists with anthropologists dug out several old piktsky cemeteries and established: average height of the adult man - 170 centimeters. Really, not giants. Could be above. But the average height of inhabitants of Europe very strongly changed during the different periods of time. Here also understand, 170 - there is a lot of or a little.
And if to trust in Thucydides - please: “High growth of inhabitants of Caledonia“.
The veterans who did some fighting in Britain told baizes about the naked (bezdospeshny) decorated Picts to whom they the swords scratched the face and which, of course, stood much below than citizens of Great Rome. Chroniclers wrote down, rewrote, compiled. The share of a creative was contributed - that it is more interesting.
All this allowed in 1588 to the artist Theodora de Bree to draw a pikt - completely naked, with the body which is densely ornamented by highly artistic images, cut and brushed on the latest Parisian fashion. That it was not boring, also represented the piktsky woman - too naked, painted with florets and asterisks and in addition still armed.
Alas to me, alas - it is real, with providing iron proofs, it is impossible to disprove myths about Picts. As, however, and any other myths.
Picts of explanations in this respect did not leave. They were able to write. But here misters Picts used the ogamichesky letter. Difficult feature. At first it is necessary to translate the usual word into special secret language and only then to write down it. More gracefully to them so, you see it seemed. How piktsky governors at such approach expected to reach universal literacy? It is known only by mysterious piktsky gods. Or considered normal that ability to write - only for priests and aristocrats?
Becomes clear why all records found on this moment on piktsky - absolutely short. All of them are cut on stone columns, for a public inspection. Two - three common words the people still somehow will manage to read, and it is more and it is not necessary. Columns such with inscriptions about forty are found. The majority of them is generously decorated with drawings or an ornament, in addition - the short phrase. But the best-known monument to piktsky writing - nevertheless on paper. In the sense that it reached us already in the copy of the 14th century and in Latin. All the same.
Piktsky chronicle. By and large - the list of kings with small comments. Since 5th century and finishing Kenneth II (rules in 971-995). Kenneth was already called Alba`s king, the states, generally Gaelic, but esteemed himself the successor and the successor of business of piktsky kings.
Data of the Piktsky chronicle are confirmed by other sources, at least, since the 6th century further so it can be considered as the authentic document, but not meeting of baizes and legends.
Such here they, Picts. But it not everything, be continued.