How to discover for itself Siena in one day?
Siena - the ideal “city for one day“. The town, all sights are concentrated that is called on one patch. There is a lot of these sights not to be sorry about arrival, but it is not a lot of that their survey tired the curious tourist. And that there is no time left for a lunch and slow looking at this nice city.
To Siena most one put better to arrive from Florence. When you feel that Renaissance with all its masterpieces does not climb in the head overflowed with impressions any more. To rise early in the morning, to sit down on an electric train and through an hour and a half to leave at the station in Siena. From here to the downtown of minutes ten by bus.
It is difficult to call the main sight of Siena. Perhaps, it is better not to choose between surprisingly fine central city square of Pyazz del Campo and between world-wide well-known cathedral. It will be possible to look at both that, and another.
The name of Pyazz Del Campo (Piazza del Campo) Square is translated as “field“. The field was Davny - long ago here, really. The main building on the square - the city hall (Palazzo Pubblico) . Once here Council of the Siyensky republic sat. Yes, with 12 - go centuries Siena together with adjacent territories was the city - the republic. Same as the next Florence.
With Florence Siena butted for superiority in Tuscany in days of the youth and pride obstinacy. Siyenets even tried to stake out the superiority a municipal coat of arms. On the coat of arms of Siena - the Roman she-wolf. That, raised Romula and Ram. On a legend the city was founded soon after the basis of Rome. And too two brothers. Ram`s sons, Seny and Asky, ran here on two horses, black and white, being afraid that the uncle Romul will kill them as he killed their father. Fugitives lodged on one of hills in Tuscany, the earth which was owned then by Etruscans. Here then there was also a city called by name one of brothers by Siena. And black and white colors became colors of its flag.
Fight between the cities was warmed up also by the fact that siyenets were supporters of the power over Italy of the emperor, that is gibbelina. Florentines were steadfast gvelfa, that is stood up for the power of the father.
In 12 - 13 century Florentines of stubborn neighbors overcame. And Siena not that fell into decay, but receded on a background of a historical scene. Perhaps, therefore it also remained in such surprising look, in a townscape medieval and the cities beautiful.
The square in front of the city hall is unusual already the form. Such, perhaps, in the world not to find another. It is not flat, but bowl-shaped. Or, as some guides, in the form of a cockleshell speak. Kraya Square tower over its center. Huge this cockleshell is paved by a red brick of different shades so that its semicircle is divided into 9 sectors.
Both the area form, and its breakdown on sectors is not casual. For a long time the city was divided into 17 areas (kontrad). At each area - the coat of arms, a flag and the name. Usually, to a kontrad called by the name of some animal: Eagle, Goose, Snail, Giraffe … At city meetings at the city hall citizens were built kontradam: on two on each sector. And the bowl-shaped form of the area allowed all to see and hear those who were in the center.
One of recognizable symbols of Siena - a harmonous tower of Torre del Mandzha (Torre del Mangia) as if crowning the municipality building. Its height - 88 meters. At additional expense it is possible (having passed five hundred steps) to rise by tower top to admire vicinities. But it is better not to distract and on narrow medieval small streets to leave the area to the second sight of Siena, a cathedral of the Dormition of the Theotokos.
Having seen the Siyensky cathedral , it is necessary to choke with delight. His white marble lacy facade with impregnations of pink and green marble is perfect and fine. And if still there is a clear weather and the blue sky is reflected in a round glass window - the socket over an entrance!.
Admiration does not leave and when you enter in a cathedral. Harmonous columns are inlaid with black and white marble. Black and white - colors of a flag of Siena, you remember? The inlaid floor is fine. And golden dome! And a huge stained-glass window over an entrance! And precisely you scream from delight when from the twilight of a cathedral you enter under a multi-colored ceiling of library of Pikkolomini (Piccolomini) as if shining from a set of the most beautiful frescos. Pikkolomini - a wordly surname of the Pope Pius II coming from Siena. He was the son of the local banker.
As a matter of fact, this huge cathedral had to be even more. In 14 - m decided to expand it a century. Besides for the sake of the competition to Florence to eclipse a local fine cathedral Santa - Maria of Fiori`s dea. If not a lack of means, and, above all if not the epidemic of plague which happened in 1348, the entrance to a cathedral would be now a little in other place. Reminds an unfinished facade, Fachchiatone`s (Facciatone) which is in the southern part of the Cathedral Square of this unfortunate plan. There, on the upper part, it is possible (and it is necessary) to get for what it is worth buying the ticket in the museum at a cathedral. In the museum it there is the well-known altar of “Mayest“ now - one of remarkable creations of the Middle Ages. Dm. Merezhkovsky in the book “The Revived Gods“ notes that completion of work over this altar in Siena was celebrated by several days. It is worth looking at this altar even if art impressions already satiated the stray tourist.
And here that the stray tourist is recommended to make surely - it is to come to the survey platform at top of an unfinished facade and to admire from there beauty from which takes the breath away. Approximately from hundred-meter height it is possible to see both the city, and its vicinities. Absolutely close, over the head - clouds, and nearby - a cathedral dome, and slightly far away - Torre del Manzha,
Everything, the program is executed! It is possible to come back slowly to the bus and to the train, carrying away surprising in the heart it is black - a white pearl of Tuscany - the city of Siena.