What do we celebrate on November 30? The international day of information security
people lived In the Soviet Union cheerfully. Still not to have fun if the calendar is crowded with festive dates! Nice inventors sat in ideological department of the Central Committee of CPSU! That Sunday - a professional holiday. Day of workers of the wood, Day of the fisherman, Day of the metallurgist...
And still there was a Day of the tankman which was especially zealously celebrated by boys of our institute. Because on military specialty all of us were tankmen. “And expensive does not learn what at the guy was the end...“ - the plaintive song about tankmen was carried in the festive evening along hostel corridors. Eh!
But, it appears, in the UN and UNESCO not smaller inventors sit. What only international holidays did not ponapridumyvat these serious organizations! If thoughtfully to mark out them - you will become an inveterate drunkard in half a year. But not for a simple booze these important holidays were thought up! No, not for a booze and to remind mankind of something very important.
Here, for example, on November 30, International day of information security . For what ucherezhden this day? In order that all knew: the main thing in the computer - information which is stored in it. And this information should be protected from unauthorized access. Otherwise troubles you will not be gathered.
Now it is things all obvious. But it is worth to remember that the first International day of information security took place in 1988. The word “computer“ then was known to the little. And the one who knew this word called so serious computers of the size of the room, it is not less.
Such devices in the USA were released by IBM firm, and plants of a socialist camp forged their worsened copies under the name of the EU. The same IBM firm already designed the personal IBM PC computer, but itself did not know what to use it to. Unless as the intelligent terminal? These weak-willed kids were in many respects similar to the mammal trifle getting under feet mighty dinosaurs. Very few people noticed them, but they had a grandiose future.
The Internet did not exist too. And there was an ARPAnet project (English Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) initiated by the Pentagon, works on which had to provide a reliable communication between command computers of staffs of military groups even in case of drawing a nuclear attack on the General Staff. To the ARPAnet network already was podklyuchenookolo 60 thousand computers. It connected among themselves universities of the USA and was with might and main used by scientists. During use of an intercomputer network its new opportunities came to light. Its vulnerabilities came to light too.
At the beginning of November, 1988 the first mass attack to a big computer network took place. Robert Tappan Morris (Robert Tappan Morris) made its . There were to it then 22 years, and he was the graduate student of Cornell University. For scientific work it needed to count the number of Internet users (that is, still Arpaneta) at that time. This task and has presently no exact answer, and then it was not so trivial.
As if solved such problem in the Soviet Union? The power body, for example, Council of ministers, would distribute circular letters (not electronic, but usual) on all computer centers (CC). As it was told on officialese of that time, “according to the enclosed list“. In the letter the chief of VTs would be recommended to report urgently “upward“ the list of all users of the center subordinated to it having Internet access with the indication of personal data. In total in one or two months the required data would appear at the administration. A month more - it is also possible to publish the reference book of users of the Soviet Internet. For office, of course, use.
It is natural that to the student Robert Morris such way was ordered. Especially as computers in the USA at that time was much more, than computer centers in the Soviet Union. But Robert Tappan Morris not without reason was a son of the father, Robert Morris - the senior (1933-2011) , the most famous expert in cryptography and one of creators of the UNIX operating system. And not without reason it was registered among the most successful students of computer office of one of the best American universities.
Instead of the notorious circular letter he decided to dispatch on all computers of the USA connected in one network, the program which would collect these data and sent them to the creator by e-mail.
From the point of view of modern hackers, it was easier to get into someone else`s computer in those epic times, than “to look at two fingers“ as teachers at us at military department used to say. The set of computers was connected to the ARPAnet network, but any of them was not personal.
The UNIX operating system worked at the majority of these computers. This operating system allowed to start from one computer tasks on another if that was considered as “friendly“. It was not really difficult to become friendly. It was only necessary to know a user name - the administrator and the password of access.
As then there were a few system administrators, all of them anyway knew each other. And all did not attach great value to these foolish protection. From whom to be protected - that is all the children, mean tricks will not arrange. Arranged!