How there was the Cuban rum?
Rum, the well-known Cuban drink, strangely enough, were thought up at all not by Cubans. The idea to ferment treacle, and the received home brew to distil and drink for the first time came to mind to British.
it in the 17th century when Great Britain by right considered itself as the sea power Occurred, and its fleet annually was replenished with the newcomers smelling of pitch and wood the ships. Their teams - rather poor seamen, from - for long sea campaigns for months not seeing families. And there, in the sea, far from the house they need the inexpensive and easy drink capable not only to brighten up long voyages, but also to support their health.
For a role of such “useful“ drink rum was ideally suited. It cost real kopeks, and prepared no more than two days. The English admiral Edward Vernon thought up to add to rum lime juice - for prevention of a scurvy. And “vitamin“ home brew was diluted with water that sailors not so quickly got drunk.
While Great Britain developed the fleet, Cuba strongly secured the status of the largest exporter of tobacco and sugar. On reed plantations slaves worked with blow the Western Africa. First, they got treacle, a by-product of production of sugar, planters fed with it the workers. However soon other application was found for a product. Why to give treacle to slaves if it is possible to prepare rum and to exchange it for other slaves. So in the 18th century the man cost 492 l of rum (130 gallons), and the woman - 416 l (110 wine gallons).
So, rum not Cubans thought up, but they the first understood how to earn from it. Cheap drink of seamen was suitable for an exchange for the African slaves, but to sell it, to offer guests and especially to drink Cubans considered unpresentable. There was an idea to pass rum via the coal filter. After a filtration drink changed, became softer and is more nice to the taste, and the subsequent endurance in oak barrels gave it unique aroma. The cheap alcohol turned into noble drink which it is not a shame to call national.
Literally for several decades rum became popular for the whole world. In 1919, after input in the USA of “Prohibition“ Cuba became the island of freedom for inhabitants of America. Sailors, soldiers, writers, businessmen, stars and even presidents aspired there where it is possible to drink, play, meet available ladies without excess problems. In consciousness of Americans Cuba became paradise for free intoxicated fun.
In 50 - x years of the past a century of a collar of “intoxicated paradise“ were closed together with the Cuban border. Fidel Castro began to form actively communism on separately taken island, in passing natsionaliziruya, and even closing private enterprises. The Havana Club plant which was letting out world famous rum before revolution of 1953 - 59 belonged to Archebal`s family running on the continent after Castro`s victory. Till 1993 it remained in hands of the state, then 50% of shares were sold the French alcoholic company Pernod Ricard. Nevertheless even a half of the income of plant - a powerful contribution to treasury of rather poor communistic country.
Today Cuba welcomes all judges of the real rum. Almost at every turn, in any cafe, bar or just a snack bar it is possible to order cocktail on a rum basis: a daiquiri (rum, lime juice, sugar and ice), a mojito (the daiquiri divorced water with addition of pounded mint) or “Cuba to a libra“ (rum + the cook - a stake). The last cocktail, on a legend, was thought up by the captain Russell, the American officer, in time ispano - the American war of 1898 after which Cuba found independence.
Despite abundance of pubs, the Cuban small streets are not filled by at all sleeping alcoholics and drunk drivers. Perhaps, Cubans just are able to drink. Though, most likely, the reason is more banal: one alcoholic drink in the street bar will cost 2 - 3 dollars, such luxury just is too expensive for the most part of inhabitants of the island. It is difficult to believe, but the usual Cuban family monthly on existence has enough only three dollars. Fidel Castro nevertheless constructed communism with free housing, public transport and the state grants for food here.
Locals live is rather poor, but is stable. And this stability attracts the numerous tourists seeking to look on poor, but assured in tomorrow and therefore happy Cuba.