Diet overseas - Mediterranean or What is eaten by workers of a nuclear reactor in Israel?
In our century in the available and sated food calories the question “that it to eat to grow thin?“ become more and more essential. Even more often we hear that in the West suggest to enter already from elementary grades programs for fight against obesity. According to forecasts, in the next decade every third child will suffer from obesity and children`s diabetes.
I if such problem arises with children, then and there is nothing to speak about adults. With age the metabolism is only slowed down. Therefore fat resolves more slowly, and sugar freely gets into blood.
Even the whole branch of modern economy occupied with production and sale of dietary and “natural“ food developed, and the volume of its production grows from year to year. Therefore disputes between nutritionists on what diet is most effective, passed from the area of the theory to the area of vital practical issues for a long time. This or that answer is fraught with serious change of financial streams and therefore infringes on interests of many people. Therefore soon we hardly learn what is “rather“ effective diet. Whether it is worth refusing fats and carbohydrates completely? Whether to pass to soups? On grapefruits? On chocolate? To drink or not to drink coffee, at last?
Data of nutritionists, of course, are subjective. Everyone proves that his “baby“ is better than others. The only objective criterion in dietology is long check on control group of examinees. And it is desirable that such group represented people of different age, but one social environment.
In Israel the solution of the problem of an effective diet was found in the most unexpected place - on a nuclear reactor.
Until recently existence of this reactor was denied. However, to the tourists passing near the town of Dimona which is in the northernmost tip of the desert Negev on a bus loudspeaker in a whisper it was told that here supposedly we pass by factory of fertilizers now, but we - that with you, of course, know that for “fertilizers“ on it are made.
That employees of the Center of nuclear researches are all working day on a workplace which cannot be left even during a lunch break curious experience allowed the management of object to put. Anxious with the growing obesity among employees, it resorted to services of the professional nutritionist.
Right there it became clear that different workers have different preferences. One cannot present a lunch without tasty chunk of meat, another - the vegetarian, and the third is simply mad about hummus. Who does not know, it is a dish of the Mediterranean kitchen which is eaten also in North Africa, both in the Middle East, and in the south of Spain and France. Therefore at choice of three hundred workers whose average age made 52 years several diets were offered.
Fats were excluded from one. The second was bezuglevodny (the sensational diet of Atkins which is not limiting the number of the consumed calories). At last, the third diet was based on the Mediterranean kitchen. The dining room was divided into three sectors, and three teams of cooks as in television show, competed in that whose menu will be most “zhiroubivayushchy“. As my English-speaking friend passing army service in a battalion, a half of structure in which were natives of Russia, “Jopa Killing“, speaks.
For achievement of the maximum result of a family of workers passed too instructing what I go to prepare houses.
Experience continued two years. How you think what diet won?
The traditional diet with restriction of fats and calories proved to be as the least effective. On average, after two years the workers who chose this diet lost only 2,9 kg.
On the second place (loss of 4,4 kg a year) there was the Mediterranean diet: salads, sheep cheese, olives, hummus, the fat-free meat and fish.
First place was won by a bezuglevodny diet - 4,7 burned kilograms of fat.
But as you guess, it is not all. Everyone who at least once tried to grow thin, knows: the main thing, not so much to lose the weight how many to keep the achieved result. What occurred upon termination of experience? Several years later researchers interrogated participants. It became clear that 78% from them continued to eat according to the offered program or passed to the alternative dietary menu.
Check gave four years the most interesting indicator later. It turned out that those who chose a traditional low-calorie diet put on the weight of 2,7 kilograms again. Those who were on a bezuglevodny diet returned on average 4,1 kilograms. That is in long-term prospect both of these diets practically did not yield result. The same who kept to the Mediterranean diet added only 1,4 kilograms. Moreover, it turned out that the Mediterranean diet twice more effective reduces cholesterol level in an organism.
What main bases of the Mediterranean diet?
Use more vegetables and fruit.
Exclude butter and margarine from food. Use olive oil.
Use the crude cereals and dark grain.
Instead of salt use spices, seasonings and greens.
Avoid is beef and give preference to chicken meat and fish.
Eat nuts and grain.
Time or two in a week prepare baked or boiled (not fried) fish.
Prefer the fat-free dairy products.
Drink one glass of red wine a day.
Reduce to a minimum of sweet and chips.
Adhering to these simple councils, you will be able to restore and keep a figure. Besides, you will be relieved of unpleasant after-dinner weight and will recover yourself pleasure and health.