What whisky is?
As they say, tastes differ. It concerns everything - music, books, flowers and, of course, alcohol. So, what whisky is? It is possible to classify whisky by two main criteria - on structure and over the country - the producer.
So, proceeding from structure of a blend of whisky are distinguished by malt whisky (malt whisky) and grain (grain whisky). Malt whisky is received from pure barley malt whereas grain is made only in Scotland of the imported corn with a small additive of barley.
At production of the last only one distillation is used, the received distillate is almost deprived of aroma and is used as technical - for creation of blended whisky, or - after additional cleaning and distillation - for production of vodka or gin.
The only grain whisky getting in pure form on counters of shops is Scottish “Choice Old Cameron Brig“. When mixing malt and grain whisky the extended blended whisky - the blended whisky turns out most today. About 90% of world production are the share of the last.
If to speak about territorial features, then as experts speak, there is the Scottish whisky, Irish and all the rest. Independently in “all the rest“ costs whisky American.
The adhesive tape - the Scottish whisky is most widespread today . Saturated, slightly kopcheno - smoky aroma appears at drink thanks to drying of malt in the furnaces heated by peat.
Production of an adhesive tape in Scotland is regulated legislatively, acts of “The Scotch Whisky Act 1988“, “The Scotch Whisky Order 1990 No. 998“ and “The Scotch Whisky Regulations 2009 No. 2890“. So, to be called scotch whisky, drink has to be made in distillery in the territory of Scotland from barley (exclusively small additives of the whole, not processed grains of other cereals are allowed) and water.
Fermentation of whisky is allowed with application of exclusively barmy cultures. Minimum content of alcohol in ready drink cannot be lower than 40%, at the same time basic distillate has to contain not less than 94,8% of alcohol. Double distillation is characteristic of Scotch whisky, at the same time distillate is maintained not less than 3 years in an excise warehouse in oak barrels which volume does not exceed 700 liters.
As in glass the adhesive tape does not “grow old“, age of scotch whisky only time in a flank is considered, at the same time on a bottle year of the youngest distillate is specified in a blend. For vintage drinks all have to correspond to the year specified on a label compound drink.
Historically Ireland where this drink was known nearly since the 5th century of our era is considered the homeland of whisky. But at the beginning of the XX century Scots pressed Ireland from the market. Very long the Irish whisky was in the course only on the homeland, and only recently gradually gets on the international market.
Ayrish is distilled in Ireland and has to be stood not less than 3 - x years in the oak barrels which were earlier containing a sherry or bourbon. At the same time, unlike Scots, the Irish producers do not use peat as barley or is not exposed to malting at all, or soloditsya in wood furnaces.
Therefore to taste the Irish whisky more sweetish and oily, without smoky smack, characteristic of “adhesive tape“, - recommend to begin acquaintance to this drink with the Irish whisky to women. At the same time unlike technology of double distillation in Scotland - the most part of the Irish grades is distilled three times that also does taste softer.
Unique, traditionally Irish drink is “pure whisky from a distillation cube“ which part barley malt and green not germinated barley are.
The American whisky was created by whether the Irish, whether Scottish emigrants “from what was“, namely - from corn. On a legend, this thought came to the priest to mind - to the Baptist Eliye Kregu. It filled in corn distillate in slightly burned slightly barrels from a white oak (that happened to these barrels, there is no mention).
And the well-known American bourbon was born. The main quality allowing to distinguish bourbon from other whisky is the structure - if drink contains 51% and more corn - it is considered bourbon; if is not present - grain whisky. Other known grade of the American whisky is Tennessee - its specifics in a special method of purification of distillate by means of coal filters.
To“ belong “to all the rest Canadian, Japanese and other drinks which cannot brag of so long traditions, however too are very interesting.