How the St. John`s Wort is used in traditional medicine?
the St. John`s Wort which is made a hole (Hypericum perforatum L.) it was long since used by traditional medicine and it was popular among Aesculapians. In Russia it called Ivanov blood, a krovavnik, hvoroby. If to pound petals between fingers, then will act brightly - red juice - “blood“.
the National name - the Ivanovo grass, got accustomed behind a St. John`s Wort because it begins to blossom in Ivanov day. And here Ivanov`s name blood is connected with the ancient bible legend on John the Baptist`s death.
The Latin name of a sort is formed by two words of the Greek origin: “hypo“ that means under, and “ereike“ - a heather, i.e. “growing under a heather“ or “similar to a heather“. The specific name “perforatum“ that means made a hole, will become clear to everyone who will look at a grass leaf on a gleam. The small transparent pieces of iron disseminated through a sheet plate “punch“ it and distinguish from other plants.
There are several versions of an origin of the name a St. John`s Wort. On one - went from the Kazakh name “dzherabay“ - the healer of wounds, it agrees another - from - for abilities of a grass to cause diseases of sheep. It was noticed that the sheep who ate a grass have a serious illness. And only white or motley on coloring, and only in a sunny day. And if to transfer a sick sheep to a shadow, then the disease passes through time.
Later scientists understood that giperitsin and other condensed anthracenederivative glycosides increase sensitivity of skin to ultraviolet rays. Shepherds learned to struggle with a hunting illness. They specially paint animals with light wool in dark color, then the illness is not terrible.
But do not worry, dear readers. The St. John`s Wort is dangerous only to animals. For the person - this most valuable medicinal and even occult plant. Medicinal properties of a St. John`s Wort were known in Ancient Greece and Rome. It was mentioned still by Hippocrates, Dioskorid, Pliny Sr.
The grass of a plant contains in a large number tannins - to 10 - 12%. Flavonoids (hyper azid, routines, kvertsitrin, izokvertsitrin, kepferol, miritsetin, leykoantotsiana), coffee, ferulovy and hlorogenovy acids, (+) - catechin, (-) - epikatekhin saponina, anthraquinone derivatives (giperitsin - 0,1 - 0,4%, psevdogiperitsin, giperin), essential oil (0,2 - 0,3%) as a part of which and - pinene, tsineol, martsen, kadinen, aromadendron are distinguished from phenolic connections. Resinous substances (to 17%), carotene, ascorbic acid.
To old times the St. John`s Wort and a bogorodsky grass (thyme) were added to straw when filled children`s mattresses that they protected the child from a fright and made sleepy. Was considered that the bunches of a dry grass of a St. John`s Wort which are hanged out in the house drive away diseases, evil spirits, drive away melancholy and grief. And to it there is a scientific confirmation. Today the most effective and popular preparations - antidepressants, make of a St. John`s Wort.
In one of herbalists 40 - x years of last century it is written that researches of the French and German doctors show big prospects of use of fresh juice of a St. John`s Wort. The famous phytotherapist M. A. Nosal wrote: “… this plant the most important herb from all to us known. In our flora, I consider, there is no plant in this sense of similar to a St. John`s Wort“.
The modern scientific medicine recommends to apply a St. John`s Wort in the form of water, spirit or oil extracts. They are used as the knitting, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory and promoting regeneration fabrics of means.
For house use it is the best of all most to prepare a grass, but it is possible to buy in a drugstore. From it prepare infusion and broth.
Infusion - 3 tablespoons of the crushed grass to fill in 250 ml of boiled water, to insist two hours. To filter and accept on 1/3 glass three times a day.
Broth - 1,5 - 2 tablespoons of the crushed grass fill in 200 ml of water and put on a water bath. In 30 minutes remove, insist 10 minutes, filter. Volume is brought to 200 ml boiled water. Accept on 1 tablespoon of 4 - 5 times a day.
Use a grass and fresh.
Oil hunting is prepared from fresh raw materials. There are several recipes, but given below it is considered more correct. The oil received in such way can be used as external means, and for intake.
To pound one glass of fresh flowers of a St. John`s Wort in a big mortar and to pound accurately. To the received gruel to flow a floor - liter of olive oil, to mix and pour in a jar with a wide neck from white glass (it is recommended to paint to bank with white paint). Without closing a cover, to deliver to bank to the warm place for fermentation. To stir slowly periodically. In 3 - 5 days to bank close and hold it on the sun until oil gets brightly - red color (about 6 weeks). Transparent liquid is merged, and there is a pure oil which is stored in bottles from dark glass. Oil is used on 1 teaspoon by two times pass.
Tincture - 4 tablespoons of the fresh crushed grass of a St. John`s Wort to fill in 200 ml of 40% alcohol (it is possible vodka), to insist in the dark place 2 weeks, then to filter and store in the dark place. To accept 40 - 50 drops 3 - 4 times a day.
Range of action of a St. John`s Wort very different. Depending on the indication dosages and dosage forms change. Therefore before to apply this or that means, consultation of the expert is necessary for .
Except medical use, the St. John`s Wort is of interest as pryano - an aromatic plant, is used in perfumery, liqueur - the vodka industry.
The St. John`s Wort is a part sbitnya. In some countries it is added to tea. It is the main component of the Baikal soft drink.
It will be interesting to flower growers to know that as a result of selection work very decorative grades of a St. John`s Wort which are in great demand at gardeners are removed.