Rus Articles Journal

Fight for Kiev in 1943 - m to year. How it was?

on November 6, 2012 - 69 - I am anniversary of liberation of Kiev from fascists during the Great Patriotic War. In the settlement New Petrovtsa there is a museum devoted to this subject - “Fight for Kiev in 1943“. It was open on the place of the Lyutezhsky base from where the Soviet troops struck decisive blow and could free Kiev.

the Kiev offensive operation was part of fight for Dnieper which lasted several months. On an equal basis with Kursk fight, it is considered one of the most important and bloody in the history of World War II. On both sides about 4 million people took part, length of the front made 750 km. In August, 1943 Germans began to build the line of defensive works “East shaft“, to soldiers declared Hitler`s order: “Any receding will be shot“.

The red army freed many cities and sat down in east industrial regions of Ukraine and gradually began to approach Kiev. In September, 1943 troops of the Voronezh front (in October renamed in 1 - y the Ukrainian front) began approach. The rate of the High Command gave the order to free the city to 26 - y to anniversary of October revolution.

Battles were conducted in extremely difficult conditions, military forces were almost identical, superiority of Red Army was only in tanks, but not much more - by 1,6 times. The most part of the Soviet troops was concentrated on 80 km to the south of Kiev, near the Bukrinsky base, and accessories were to the north, near the settlement of Lyutezh. Troops 38 - y armies were fixed here, having formed the base 15 km long and more than 10 km in depth. Command made attempts of approach from Bukrin twice, but is ineffectual. The relief of crossing of the river was difficult, especially for tank army Rybalko.

On October 24 the decision on transfer of troops on the Lyutezhsky base therefore there began to carry out preparatory strengthening work was made. Transfer of troops, namely - 7 - go the artillery case, 3 - y Guards tank army, 23 - go the shooting case, carried out secretly, did not notice the German scout planes of it. Maneuver was carried out at the highest level, the technician had to transfer to distance of 130 - 200 km in autumn bad weather and off road terrain. Generally moved at night or early in the morning when there was dense fog. On places of former dislocation installed models to mislead the opponent.

On November 3, 1943 the Soviet troops began decisive offensive operation to Kiev with the Lyutezhsky base. Approach was complicated by weather conditions - there was a rain, but soldiers moved forward both in the afternoon, and at night. At midnight on November 6 the first tank battalion of Yakushev entered the downtown about what the inscription on one of houses was made. At 4 o`clock resistance of Germans was broken. Several days later the German commander Manstein tried to put counterstroke, but was broken.

For speeding up of Dnieper 2438 soldiers were entitled the Hero of the Soviet Union that made nearly 20% of total of Heroes, in general 17500 people received various awards. Concerning losses of military structure of Red Army, still this subject remains open and debatable. Different figures which are often copied from the official Soviet reports hiding real losses are mentioned in various sources.

Did not write earlier that often recruits were sent under heavy machine-gun fire without weapon, using as gun meat: the majority was killed in the first battle. Eyewitnesses wrote that instead of traditional shouts “Hurrah!“ they shouted: “Mother! My God! Help! “ And recruits are those who were gathered from the freed cities and villages, is very frequent 16 - 18 - summer children. All who lived in occupied territories, considered as traitors who had to redeem “shame“ with blood. At the front such people were called by “black infantry“, or “pidzhachnik“ because they had even no military uniform. Consider that during fight for Kiev 300 thousand recruits from whom 250-270 thousand people died were mobilized. The general losses made 380-400 thousand people, and many of soldiers just drowned...

In the village New Petrovtsa during fight was it is command - observation post of the general N. Vatutin therefore after war the museum was created there. Now there it is possible to see military equipment, blindages, it is command - N. Vatutin, K. Moskalenk, N. Khrushchev, P. Rybalko`s observation posts. Of course, on November 6 the events devoted to release of the city are held here. There is no wish to speak - celebrations, it is day of memory rather.