How many in the world of religions and what do they think of science?
Jesus Christ`s Followers are united in more than 100 churches, currents and sects: Catholic, orthodox, Protestant and others. It is the largest world religion as on the number of adherents whom about 2,1 billion, and on geographical prevalence - almost in each country of the world are at least one Christian community.
and sciences can be seen In a question of the relations of Christianity two extreme - though dominating, but equally incorrect points of view. Namely, in - the first that the religion and science will not be coordinated among themselves in any way - the religion brought to limit “bases“ does not need science and denies it and vice versa, the science in return excludes religion in that measure in what it is capable to explain the world, without resorting to services of religion. And, in - the second that between them, actually, is not present and there can be no principal differences - already owing to a raznopredmetnost and divergence of “metaphysical“ interests. It is easy to see, however, that both points of view (1) dialectically assume each other and (2) also, dialectically (“antinomichesk“ etc.) are defined in relation to one beginning (“unity“ of the world, life, consciousness etc.) - in the first case it is negative, in the second - it is positive.
The Judaism breaks up to a set of currents: Orthodox, Reform, Conservative, Reconstructionist, humanistic, obnovlenchesky, messianic Judaism... Totals up to 14 million followers, generally in Israel, the USA and Canada, and also in the countries of Europe.
Positive aspects of interaction of science and the Torah are that. On the Jewish outlook, the world is created for the sake of the Torah and the Torah was the plan of creation of the world. Therefore potentially they make harmonious whole. The tradition of discussion and interpretation of sacred texts leaves ample opportunities for an explanation of the scientific phenomena a divine providence, and sometimes and vice versa.
Islam also breaks up to several currents: Sunnites, Shiites, haridzhita and others. Adherents of Islam are called Muslims. Muslim communities are available more than in 120 countries and unite, according to various data, to 1,5 billion people.
The Koran encourages development of science and scientific knowledge, urges people to think of the natural phenomena and to study them. Muslims consider scientific activity as the act of a religious order. On the example I can tell that during the work on contracts in the Muslim countries always got hearty welcome, respect and gratitude. In the Russian regions strive to obtain information “for free, pliiz“ and forget to tell thanks.
The Buddhism consists of three main and a set of local schools: Theravada - the most conservative school of the Buddhism; a Mahajana - the latest form of development of the Buddhism; Vajrayana - occult modification of the Buddhism (Lamaism); Shingon Buddhism - syu - one of the main Buddhist schools of Japan belonging to the direction of Vajrayana. The assessment of number of followers of the Buddhism fluctuates around 350-500 million people. On Buddha`s representation, “everything that we are - result of our thoughts, mind - all this“.
Shintoism - traditional religion of Japan. Shintoism forms: temple, imperial yard, state, sectarian, national and house. Only about 3 million Japanese were the jealous supporters of Shintoism who gave preference of this religion. Development of science in Japan speaks for itself.
Religions of India. Sikhism. the Religion based in Punjab in North - the western part of the Indian subcontinent. 22 million followers.
Jainism. the Dkharmichesky religion which appeared in India approximately in the 6th century BC preaches not harming all living beings in this world. 5 million followers.
Hinduism. the Religion which arose on the Indian subcontinent. The historical name of Hinduism in Sanskrit - a sanatana - a Dharma that in translation is meant by “eternal religion“, “an eternal way“ or “the eternal law“. Traces the roots back to a Vedic civilization, from - for what it is called the religion, most ancient in the world. 1 billion followers.
the Exclusive caste - brahmen. Only they one could be attendants of a cult. Brahmen in ancient India had big advantages. Except monopoly for professional religious activity, they had also monopoly for pedagogical and scientific activity.
Religions of China. Taoism. the Chinese traditional doctrine including elements of religion, mysticism, fortune-telling, Shamanism, meditative practice, science.
Confucianism. it was never formal in Confucianism institute of church, but on the importance, extent of penetration into soul and education of consciousness of the people it successfully played a religion role. In imperial China Confucianism was philosophy of scientists - thinkers. More than 1 billion followers.
African traditional religions. the Professed about 15% of Africans, various representations of fetishism, animism, a totemizm and cult of ancestors include. Some religious representations are the general for many African ethnic groups, but usually they are unique for each ethnos. Totals 100 million followers.
Voodoo. the General name of the religious beliefs which appeared among descendants of the black slaves who are taken out from Africa to the Southern and the Central America.
It is difficult to tell something about the place of science in these religions as there is a lot of magic.
Shamanism. the name of a complex of representations of people which Settled in science about ways of conscious and purposeful interaction with the transcendental (“otherworldly“) world, first of all - with spirits which is carried out by the shaman.
Cults. Totemichesky, shaman cults, cult of fire, sun, ancestors... In Europe and America the cult of ancestors ceased to exist long ago, having exchanged on research of family trees. In Japan it exists and hitherto.