How to update perennials?
grow In my garden many flowers. I have a small rosary, without fail I plant flowers in tubs and a cache-pot, for several years got a quite good collection of tulips, issued shady sites hosts and ferns and, of course, got the blossoming kornevishchny perennials.
Peonies, chrysanthemums, an anemone forest, irises, lilies, ekhinatseya purple, a nivyanik (in popular speech - a camomile), the coneflower, a carnation, an akvilegiya is those perennial blossoming plants which I selected by the principle of unpretentiousness in leaving, on survival, decorative effect and ability to blossom magnificently in the conditions of my garden. As you can see, is among them both bulbous, and kornevishchny.
My site consists of two zones: the first is taken away under a rosary, is slightly farther - beds. The earth in this part at me imported, and here in its garden and the earth to call difficult. It is more likely clay soil with stone impurity. Once there was a structure therefore to dig out a hole even for planting of flowers - a problem. We got a garden already fenced and with the planted trees. The equipment cannot be tired out here (to deliver the earth). Therefore here - similarity of a meadow lawn, fruit trees, the platform for trainings of my dogs, small sites with high beds under strawberry (remind beds), the piece of a classical lawn and flowers planted in the prepared holes. Holes prepared by the principle of flowerpots in which fertile soil, but article not about it, and how to update perennials was filled up.
Long-term flowers are good the fact that, having planted them, it is possible to admire several years splendor of blossoming or decorative effect of leaves. You should not potter with landing material and preparation of the place annually. Among long-term is, however, and such which demand a vykopka for the winter. For example, it is impossible to leave long-term dahlias to winter in soil. Their tubers surely dig out, and rejuvenation of bushes is carried out by method of division of tubers. It is necessary to divide tubers by all means, otherwise flowers will become more small and blossoming will not be so plentiful what is at the correct approach.
How to update perennials which remain to winter in soil, in particular, kornevishchny? The same peonies, many grades of chrysanthemums, anemones kornevishchny, a carnation, hosts belong to such plants. Generally, each type of perennials has terms after which the flower should be divided and replaced. For example, for peonies it is 5 - 7 years, for a carnation - 3 - 4 years. I am guided on external signs. If flowers begin to lose the decorative effect, they become less, leaves are deformed and become shallow, then it is time to update a plant. It is possible to do it either in the fall, or in the spring.
If you divide a bush in the fall, for the next season you receive blossoming if in the spring, then flowers it is possible and not to wait in the summer, they will appear only for the next season. Therefore in a question of how to update perennials, a lot of things depend on when you make it. If I buy a new look or a grade, I try to do it in the fall. In - the first, I see at once that I buy (as a rule, plants from nurseries sell with flowers in the fall, or for demonstration expose the blossoming samples). In - the second, I am very impatient concerning flowers and I want to see the next summer on the site what I put. I update those perennials which got accustomed on my site for a long time in the spring.
How it becomes? As on the same place perennials are recommended to be grown up with a break in several years, it is necessary to find on a site the place, under the terms similar to on what the bush well felt earlier. On a new site prepare a landing hole (or holes), bring in it compost, ashes, if necessary arrange a drainage. After the place for landing of plants is ready, dig out an old bush (I do it by a pitchfork not to damage roots) and carefully divide it into several parts.
Sometimes to make it very difficult as roots are strongly bound, and there are plants at which the root system consists of a rhizome and a set of backs which cannot just be divided, without having damaged. Treats such plants, for example, a host. I just cut it on several parts. If at the same time the thick rhizome (and it is, as a rule, damaged) is damaged, it is enough to be powdered with wood ashes. It was terrible to do the first time - and suddenly will die? But a host (them at me so far two look) remarkably got accustomed and was not ill after division at all.
And to an anemone forest I do not rejuvenate Akvilegiya (reservoir), these flowers perfectly do without my help, and here my care is simply necessary for chrysanthemums and peonies. At division of perennials it is important to find that golden mean at which the allotment (part from an old bush) will have the optimum size. It is not necessary to sort a bush that is called on twigs. In each allotment it is necessary to leave approximately 5 eyes - kidneys. If you do it in the fall, then previously it is necessary to cut off elevated part of a plant.
How to update perennials if the site small and about searches of other place and the speech cannot be - everything is planned and occupied long ago? In this case it is necessary to plant the updated (divided) plant on the former place, but it is necessary to treat preparation of a landing pole more seriously. It should be fertilized well and it is desirable to add at least several shovels of “fresh“ soil.
As at division of bushes of long-term flowers there is a lot of landing material, there is a problem - where to put it. If the sizes of a site allow, it, of course, transplant, and here on a small site of it will not make. One of mistakes of the beginning flower grower are zagushchenny landings of perennials. If, for example, on the same square meter where one old bush grew to put five small (received from division big), nothing good will turn out and such updating will not make any sense. Distribute superfluous to neighbors better, and then and they will share something with you.
I told about how to update perennials kornevishchny, but is also such which plantings update division of bulbs and bulbous tubers. Lilies, tulips, narcissuses, crocuses belong to such perennials. Some of these plants demand annual excavation, drying and landing of bulbs (high-quality tulips) some can do without it (lily). But in one article about everything, unfortunately, you will not tell.