Rus Articles Journal

From where there arrived knights?

History of creation of knights is rather not studied till this moment and has no uniform consensus of historians. It is interpreted in the wide range and variously carries time of the organization of knights from the seventh to the tenth century.

This military estate gained the general recognition upon the existence when researchers allow semantics from the German word “ritter“ - the horseman.

One researchers see in knights of all secular feudal lords of the early Middle Ages, others only their part - small feudal lords, meaning at the same time military servants (riders) who were vassals of the nobility. Considering also that in process of growth of the feudal dissociation favoring to expansion of the rights of small knights, the side between knights and the nobility was gradually erased, equalizing them in the rights.

These examples presented on already come true fact of existence of knights do not consider degree of logical expediency of any actions of the historical characters stepping on the stage of theater of history. And logic such is that the knightly equipment is very expensive pleasure which not each nobleman could afford, what also the tradition of transfer of a helmet and armor of the won knight to the winner speaks about.

We know that during an era of the early Middle Ages interstate relationship often had military character when different kings and sovereigns, being leaders of military groups, had to own the weapon and constantly improve the military skill. Therefore it is possible to assume that the knightly armor is a fighting form first of all of the king for protection him from the enemy`s weapon.

By tradition members of royal family can cross the weapon only with equal to by situation, and the knights were that environment with which the king could, without dropping the advantage, to participate in tournaments in stadia, holding war games and competitions. So from history we know that on similar tournament the fragment of a spear fatally wounded the French king Henry II won a knightly duel by the count of Montgomery.

The count who in romantic interpretation of Alexandre Dumas was the son of count of Montgomery, the stayed half of life and the dead in prison for the fact that bared the weapon against Henry II who was at that time the prince, challenging him to a duel as rival in the relations with the woman. And in everyday life of it it is impossible to do - it is possible to battle against representatives of the royal house only at a stadium in an equal duel, having advantage on a social ladder not below a count title.

So, having got the education corresponding to the status, the knight could take the appropriate place in imperious hierarchy, from the baron to the king. This hierarchy can be presented, falling from top to down as: “The king and - his barons (dukes, counts)“. After time and from the beginning of formation of knightly awards, the role of the baron in knightly hierarchy went down:

The king is the Head of an award.
the Duke - the Head of group (The head of an award).
the Count - the Knight (the head of group).
the Baron - the Knight (the head of group).
the Knight who is in the service of the baron.

The initial name of the knight - the horseman, occurs from necessary for the person of a vehicle armed in a heavy armor what the horse is. Thus, the knights became exclusive shock army division of a heavy cavalry capable to break through ranks of the opponent armed with copies, remaining at the same time almost impregnable for infantry.

The main subject of knights is a subject of service and an ascesis which often are followed by a mystical cult of the beloved - Ladies whose colors the knight carried on the armor and served as the guarantor of protection of honor of this Lady in cases of so-called “God`s court“. When the conflict was solved in a deadly duel between representatives of the accusing and protected party. Even the king had no right to cancel such court.

Dedication in knights was carried out in a festive atmosphere when only the king could devote in knights, subsequently the Great master of a knightly award began to do it. Training of the knight happened in service as the page of the woman of quality, and then the armourbearer at any of knights who then and presented the armourbearer to the king for dedication in knights.

Thus, each knight had the history and belonging to any land tenure or a military knightly award, noted by the corresponding heraldic symbols which the knight as usual carried on the board. The first voyenno - the monastic order arose in the eleventh century in Palestine when seven knights created the Temple award for protection of pilgrims.

Then also other knightly monastic orders in which had an opportunity to enter the children of noblemen who do not have the right of heritage of a title - Maltese, Livonsky, Teutonic are created. As the abbot the master or the grand master - the head of an award acted. Therefore nobody could see among knights the woman (let it will be even the queen) even in the most dreadful dream because it was physically impracticable.

In the course of the historical period of time initial value of knights was lost and perverted to those positions when knights began to reproduce themselves by means of blow in a physiognomy and some oral parting word. With the invention of firearms the knights stopped being the main army striking power. And after knights (masters) began to call also women, the institute of knights in general lost any sense.

The freemasonry considering itself as successors of knightly traditions invested in heraldic symbolics other esoteric sense when in allegoric expression a rank the knight sounds as - the master. Logos, the managing director of the horse, - matter. Here the true concept of semantic sounding of the word the knight without vocational education is inaccessible for most of people.