How to grow up melons in a midland?
In the second half of summer in the markets appear the fragrant yellow melons brought to our rather northern regions from the far warm South. But, fortunately fans of melons, the early unpretentious grades capable grow also in our latitudes appeared in recent years. And what especially pleases: they can be sowed in soil at once, by September manage to grow.
To pick up a grade, it is necessary to be guided by experience of fans - melon growers of the region as the grades removed by the southern selectors first of all are suitable for the South. And all - is already the list of the grades which are successfully tested in our latitudes and yielding a good harvest: Early 133, Gribovsky soil, Dessert, Skorospelka Siberian, Pineapple, Golden and some other.
The last decade of May - suitable term for crops of seeds to film greenhouses or disembarkation of seedling. Whatever one may do, and without shelter difficult at us it is necessary to the southern thermophilic guest. At cultivation through seedling crops of seeds are made approximately in the middle of April, not earlier, because the age at the time of disembarkation in soil should not exceed 1 month. The place for cultivation of a melon needs to be allocated solar, since fall to dig over with addition of the rerotting organic chemistry, for some time before crops (depending on weather) the bed needs to be covered with a film that the soil well got warm, otherwise in the cool earth seeds can not sprout. And in general melon love when at them “a leg in heat“. Though according to gardeners, at summer, normal on weather, quite good harvests can be received also on simple beds, under film shelters, but if under melons to put “a hot bed“ - the good harvest is guaranteed in any weather.
Seeds can be couched in advance: to keep several days in the warm place, having turned in a wet napkin - to a naklevyvaniye. As soon as there are rudiments of backs - it is a high time to sow. Seeds sow on small depth - about 2 cm, as well as cucumbers, on 1 feature in a hole. Some gardeners advise to spill holes boiled water, and in 5 minutes already to lower seeds there. The distance between separate plants has to be not less than 70 cm. On a bed put arches and cover with a film or nonwoven fabric as at this time cool nights are frequent. It is useful to zamulchirovat a surface of a bed - it will help to save moisture, to suppress growth of weeds, will support the soil in a friable state.
Further leaving same, as well as behind other garden cultures, but needs to be watered with only well heated-up water, avoiding excessive remoistening of the soil. Cold water promotes a suspension of growth and a disease of root decay. With the advent of ovaries waterings need to be increased, and closer by the time of maturing to reduce - then in fruits more sugars will collect, melons will be more tasty and more fragrant. It is useful to feed up time 2 - 3 weeks of a melon organic chemistry solution if they grow on a usual bed. “A hot bed“ - in itself ready fertilizer.
At cultivation on a bed in process of growth of a lash it is necessary to direct in different directions that they did not zagushchat each other and all had enough sun and air. At vertical culture in the high greenhouse escapes tie up on lanes. In hot weather, at a temperature over +25 degrees, the film shelter can be removed from a bed, in the rest of the time - to hold landings a little slightly opened, with airing. At an essential cold snap - to cover completely, it is necessary for a melon warmly. The optimum mode - with the daytime temperature of 25-30 degrees, night of 17-20 degrees. Cool nights (it is lower than 12 degrees) during blossoming reduce pollination percent.
As soon as melon lashes will a little grow, it is necessary to start a nipping, but there are subtleties which need to be known. The melon fructifies on lateral escapes of the second order therefore the main stalk is prishchipyvat after 6 - 7 leaves. Soon from bosoms begin to grow lateral escapes of the first order, they will need to be prishchipnut after 6 - 7 leaves too - already from them and will grow escapes of the second order on which ovaries are formed. It only at first sight seems that there is a lot of fuss with a prishchipyvaniye - no, lateral lashes grow quickly enough, nothing difficult, long it is not necessary to wait. You will not manage to look back as melons will already blossom.
In rainy weather when insects flies a little, it is possible to pollinate manually for secure plants, transferring pollen by means of a Q-tip. With the advent of ovaries it is necessary to check their quantity on one plant: it is desirable to leave 4 - 5 fruits, no more, as in the conditions of a temperate climate the bigger quantity simply will not manage to ripen. Therefore it is necessary to prishchipnut lashes again, having left 2 - 3 leaves after ovaries. If lashes and without fruits accrued, too it is desirable to truncate them that did not take away on themselves food. Under the poured fruits it is desirable to enclose plates or polyfoam that they did not adjoin to the soil. At good leaving in August it is already possible to expect the first harvest.
How to define that the melon ripened? It is quite simple: on a thin skin there is a characteristic setochka, and air is filled with dense melon aroma. The mature melon very easily separates from a stalk, will hardly take it in a hand. And immature does not extend around itself a similar smell and strong keeps on a plant.
Generally, it is possible to grow up this tasty southern culture not only under the hot southern sun, but also under the cool northern sky. And let these dynk grow not such big and magnificent as sell on east market, but on taste they it is not worse, it precisely!