Why the woods in Siberia burn?
During the interesting period of time we live when it is possible to observe how some cyclic processes met together, and in natural cataclysms all is destroyed old and settled. What arises instead of lost, it is not visible yet, but many “experts“ connect the events which are taking place today with the next doomsday which, allegedly, someone predicted and defined this year.
The famous Russian philosopher I. L. Solonevich, describing tragic destiny of Russia, remembers how our state, without having managed to construct Kievan Rus`, was stuck in the Tatar slavery. Having dumped it and having begun to build the Moscow democracy, was stuck in serf slavery. Having dumped it, the country only began to restore the national culture, and was stuck in the Soviet slavery.
In what today we “walked smack“, for the present it is not clear, these are the subsequent philosophers will note and will call the next coming by “market“, but it will be then - now so far nobody knows it. The aforesaid philosopher noted that Tatars burned down us periodically years through thirty and who does it today - unclear, but the woods across all Siberia and the Far East burn.
The woods which will already nevermore be restored because it is impossible to grow up the wood in the conditions of the market disappear. Officials who, acting on the TV, claim that recovery work is conducted and put the woods more, than cut down, tell a lie. They speak about afforestation, at that time when nobody ever learns - forest plantations grew or burned down in the next fire.
That to a tree grow to a normal “adult“ state, two hundred years are necessary, and people do not live so much. Depending on the structure the wood can restore primary characteristics through one - two generations of trees that can make till five hundred years. During this time in all woods the uniform wood with the name “burnt forest“ will be the prevailing range of all forest wood cultures.
By the time of appearance of Russians in the territory of Siberia, after almost bicentennial existence of the Mongolian khanate created by Genghis Khan, the Siberian khanate with the capital of Kashlyk (Isker or Siberia) which laid under tribute tribes of ostyak, Voguls, the Chukchi, Nenets, Yukaghirs, Nanais, Evens, etc. was formed. All these tribes were fed with forest trade and therefore all forest resources of Siberia remained rather long period.
They began to burn after Yermak`s campaign attached the Siberian khanate to the territory of Russia. We do not know, Cossacks burned down with fire “the wild Tungus“ or not, but sites for sowing lands were often burned out, and it is possible to assume that today`s fires are “karmic“ or “cyclic“ consequences of the Cossack floors when time for next “development“ of Siberia came.
From - for small number of residents of “the dense region“ this territory long nobody was interested, and the wood was restored, but far not completely. The relic wood remained only in hard-to-reach spots or where it was protected by the population. For example, Tsasucheysky pine forest in Zabaykalsky Krai represents the unique island wood consisting of pines, located in the middle of transbaikal steppes.
The pine wood occupies a wide ancient nadpoymenny terrace of the Onon River and passes a wide tape along its right coast. How among daursky steppes the relic wood in Tsasucheysky pine forest remained, nobody knows, but say that somewhere there is Genghis Khan`s homeland. And, maybe, the name “Potryasatelya Vselennoy“ served as the charter of immunity for forest area.
People for many and many years kept this Bor, and in it, 2012 it burned down in connection with some developed natural circumstances. About six thousand of roes living there, apart from other living creatures were killed in fire! Hundreds of millions rubles which the state spent for preservation of this reserved wood are spent for nothing.
Under the existing legislation in reserves it is possible to cut only the burned wood, - here it also burns in Transbaikalia, Primorye and across all Far East, wonderfully combining commercial interest with the available legislation. On “fool“ who threw a stub or left not extinguished fire, in this case, probably, the minimum part in percentage terms is necessary.
Therefore in the region the geopolitical situation as, probably, and has to be when changing civilizations which for four millennia were replaced a little changes. These are Afanasyevsky, Okunevsky, Andronovsky, Glazkovsky cultures which replaced later tribes of karasukets, kurykan, Kyrgyz. Our culture will also be called by descendants by name some leader, for example, “Brezhnev`s“.
So Siberia from the category of a forest-steppe zone can pass into a steady steppe zone which can be transformed further to desert. As it occurred in the Sahara in which, according to L. Gumilev, the rivers flew two thousand years ago, elephants roamed and horses were grazed. And after anthropogenous influences of the Roman and Arab conquerors all this rich fauna was replaced by one camel.
All people of the Earth live in landscapes at the expense of the nature, and people should be fed with what the nature in that territory which they control can give. But in the world nothing happens invariable, and landscapes have the dynamics of development, that is the history. And when the landscape is transformed beyond recognition, people have to or adapt to new conditions, either die out, or go to other country. If still where go...