What blossoms in May? Knyazhik of
For decoration of gardens is used a set of climbers among which there is especially unpretentious long-term liana, “relative“ of a klematis - knyazhik. Rod Knyazhik (Atragene) includes 8 types which with success are used in selection work and in decorative gardening.
All types of a knyazhik grow in forest zones of the Northern hemisphere, in Russia most often grow up winter-hardy types - knyazhik Alpine (Atragene alpina), knyazhik krupnolepestny (Atragene macropetala), knyazhik Okhotsk (Atragene ochotensis), knyazhik Siberian (Atragene sibirica). The first mention of knyazhika in Russia occurs in the catalog of a botanical garden of St. Petersburg for 1816.
Knyazhik is a shrubby liana which clings to any support by means of the curling sheet scapes and grows to 3 - 4 meters. Leaves are beautiful, twice - and trizhdyneparnoperisty. Flowers on long pedicels remind flowers of klematis, but the smaller size. Knyazhik blossoms in May within 2 - 3 weeks, depending on weather. And the plant is more senior, the more plentifully and more for a long time it blossoms. After blossoming knyazhik does not lose the decorative effect - on the place of flowers the set of beautiful fluffy balls is formed, maturing of seeds begins.
Leaving . It is much easier to grow up knyazhik, than any klematis. Knyazhik is absolutely unpretentious to soils, the main thing - that water did not stand. Useful, of course, will be to make a good landing hole (the size about 60ő60 cm), having filled it with humus and the fertile earth, to add couple of glasses of wood ashes.
The light place is optional too - knyazhik even grows in a penumbra better, than on the sun. But if it is necessary to decorate sunny side with its help, then young escapes in the first one or two years it is desirable pritenyat from the scorching beams that stalks got stronger.
Basic care is required only to young plants - to substitute a support, to water during a drought, to feed up, remove weeds. The adult bush practically needs nothing. It occupies a support reliably and for a long time, weeds to it not a hindrance, extracts water itself - its roots leave on depth to 5 - 7 meters! It is necessary to cut off escapes only as necessary to give some form.
To remove from a support and to cover for the winter too it is not necessary, knyazhik perfectly winters on a support, and in the spring quickly becomes covered by foliage and almost at once lets out buds. In winter hardiness superiority of knyazhik before their fellows - klematisam which winter in northern regions is quite problematic.
On one place the liana of a knyazhik can grow 10-15 years, and it is even more. And if at least once during a season to feed up knyazhik fertilizers, then he will answer with more magnificent blossoming and beauty of foliage.
It is simpler to make multiple copies knyazhik all seeds . They well grow ripe by fall, it is necessary only to collect and at once to seed towards the winter. If to sow in the spring, then stratification is obligatory about 2 months.
Young shoots of a knyazhik need to be watered regularly and pritenyat from a bright sun, in a phase 3 - 4 couples of leaflets seedlings dive, transplanting on distance up to 10 cm between them. It is desirable to replace them to the constant place at distance of 1 - 1,5 m from each other in the fall at once, having buried a root neck at 2 - 3 cm. Further - than advanced age of seedlings, that worse they transfer change. For the winter young knyazhik is desirable to cut off, hill and cover the first one or two years with fir twigs a little.
Young plants can blossom in 2 - 3, and often much more beautiful flowers, than a parental bush. The matter is that knyazhik pereopylyatsya easily among themselves and give beautiful hybrid forms.
a bush knyazhik gives in to division reluctantly, but it is possible to try to divide about 5 - summer bushes. It is necessary to do it in the spring prior to vegetation, trying not to damage root system. The received allotments land in holes with a fertile soil, having buried the first lower kidneys approximately at 10 cm
It is possible to make multiple copies still knyazhik vegetativno - by means of layers and shanks.
For receiving layers in the spring at the bottom of a bush flutes not less than 5 cm in depth where stack the chosen escapes on rooting do, having left on a surface only the top. Layers mulch and regularly water. In a year they can already be separated and replaced to the constant place.
Shanks for reproduction take in the first half of summer - at the end of June or the beginning of July, cutting them from a middle part of escapes. The shank has to have 1 - 2 knot with kidneys, the lower cut becomes 5 cm below than kidneys. Shanks implant in a parnichka, having buried the lower kidneys to the earth on half-centimeter, distance between them - about 10 cm. In the course of growth watch temperature (20 - 25 degrees), regularly water and feed up. Approximately in a month shanks take roots then they can be seated on growing.
Diseases and wreckers. Knyazhik mealy dew, brown spottiness, a rust can strike. At detection of symptoms of a disease spraying of escapes by suitable preparations, if necessary - cutting and destruction of sick escapes and leaves is made. But in general knyazhik it is quite steady against similar troubles. For example, mine 15 - the summer bush never hurt and was not surprised insects - wreckers. Though in literature warnings of a root gallovy nematode, mealy cherveets on leaves meet.
The Canadian biologists especially actively are engaged in selection of a knyazhik, on their account there are a lot of effective winter-hardy grades which perfectly grow also in Russia and often are on sale under the name “Canadian klematis“ here that, of course, is not absolutely correct.
Are used by Knyazhiki generally for vertical gardening, expanding in the real blossoming carpets reliably protecting from the sun and dust of an arbor, a verandah, a window. It is possible to decorate with this liana picturesquely fences, low constructions, walls of nominative. Not strongly expanding grades even use for landing in rocky gardens and rock gardens.