Why people change a profession, being already adult?
our First teachers are parents and teachers at school. Their influence and the social environment are decisive factors in choice of profession.
Many follow in the footsteps of parents, choose a profession “for the company“ with schoolmates, identify school objects with work in the specialty. Or the adverse economic situation in a family forces to choose a profession which will bring in in the long term more income, entering higher education institutions on a basis “it is far easier to arrive“ if only to graduate.
In 16 - 17 years at many teenagers an inadequate self-assessment and low level of criticality. Very often there are prejudices concerning prestigiousness of a profession, lack of information on a profession, and as a result, the wrong idea of it induces not created consciousness of the graduate to make an incorrect choice.
Thus, relying on brief life experience in a family and school, very often unconsciously, teenagers enter the institutes on absolutely improper specialties.
A little better the situation at those who after leaving school come at first to college for receiving so-so - vocational education or go at once to work is.
At this time they save up experience already of adulthood and comes understanding that it is pleasant to do and that is not present to what there are abilities and that it is difficult to carry out. The understanding that the profession is prestigious today comes, and tomorrow it can be removed on the last plan that professions of parents not necessarily will suit also their children.
Young people begin to read the adult literature training to already practical life skills, meet people who already reached something in life. And, at last, learn about different exotic professions which, perhaps, are not popular in our country at all. Usually 2 - 3 years of independent life without guardianship of parents and school teachers allow to estimate soberly own requirements, abilities and a sort of future activity.
At this stage of development the principles allowing to assess adequately a situation with the choice of a sort of occupation join.
Principle of activity : active independent life, visits of various higher education institutions and search of the necessary specialty, passing of various courses and trainings, independent address to the psychologist or professional consultant, excursion to various workplaces, drawing up summary and assessment of labor market.
Principle of consciousness : understanding of the purposes, desires, interests, tendencies, abilities, talents, the personal and physical abilities.
Principle of compliance : as all above-mentioned corresponds to requirements of society for shots.
Principle of development : reflects idea of need to develop in itself qualities which are necessary for any profession, and also those which are necessary for the preferred profession.
Also with age the person has a revaluation of values, and what attracted in youth, can pass into the background. If the person realized and analysed the structure of values and ability, then he has a real chance to find to himself a profession on calling. Many errors of youth are also those reasons why people change a profession, being already adults. Understanding can come both in 20, and in 30, and even in 40 years.
Adults change a profession for a set of the different reasons. For each concrete situation - the reason, depending on specific and age features of the person:
- mercantile interests, desire to find a possibility of satisfaction of basic requirements and to receive, maybe, and not especially prestigious, but it is enough - a highly paid profession;
- the aspiration to replace a kind of activity to reach a social status which will allow to feel realized respected by all, will cause feeling of satisfaction or superiority;
- absence on the current place of work of opportunities for the subsequent development and realization of professional ambitions, a scope for self-realization when career comes to a standstill;
- a pursuit of fashion and market condition when the person changes a profession every time when it becomes “unfashionable“ or “irrelevant“.
Also there is such concept as crisis of middle age when there is a global revaluation of values. During this period very often search of and sense in life, moral satisfaction from the performed work, attempt to realize the creative potential is the reason.
Detection of abilities and talents of the person is a key to effective self-realization and finding of work on mission.
In east cultures since the childhood try to define tendencies and talents of the child and subsequently to develop it in the necessary direction. It allows to avoid many errors of youth and unconscious choice of profession.
For example, in Japan before the small child put several objects to what subject the child will stretch - to that it has a tendency.
There parents comprehensively develop the child. Drive it on all circles, form, and then the child himself, having matured, chooses that to it to liking.
India as very religious and believing country, cares for soul of given rise. Many people make practically at once the natal astrological chart for the child. In Vedic astrology Dzhyotish planets are the embodiment of gods and define a way of development of soul in this world. By means of the astrological forecast talents and abilities come to light, and since the childhood recommendations in what direction to develop the child that his soul executed the mission in this world are made.
But it is possible to open and realize the abilities and talents at any age. Psychologists proved that the person will achieve bigger success if with frequency in five - the specialty changes seven years to gain new knowledge and to meet tasks, absolutely new, unusual to it, in the professional life. Therefore, in their opinion, any professional needs to change from time to time not only the place of work, but also its maintenance.
Quite so creative and gifted people who, as we know, are talented in many respects arrive and achieve brilliant results, than were engaged. They are attracted to activity change by unlimited internal potentials. Often next hobby soon becomes their main profession on the next interval of time.
Sociologists consider that in the 21st century for many people change of professions during life, and a combination of individual “profession“ from a set various, saved up in the course of work according to requirements of the employer or service provider will become reality not just.