Rus Articles Journal

Pollinoz. Whether it is possible to control it?

Outside stand long ago warm days, and you should not rejoice especially - the nose is clogged from eyes flows. It is a typical picture of a pollinoz. And what we know about a pollinoza?

Pollinoz is the allergic disease caused by pollen of plants, which is characterized by sharp allergic inflammatory changes of mucous membranes of airways and eyes.

Both men, and women suffer from Pollinoz. Statistically, residents of the megalopolis suffer by 6 - 7 times more often than residents of rural areas. There is an opinion that this fact is connected with systematic receipt
of a large amount of dust and harmful gases in bronchial tubes therefore in airways of city dwellers there is a slow inflammatory process which increases permeability of a mucous membrane of bronchial tubes for pollen. And it can cause inflammatory process of deeper fabrics that is characterized by such familiar clinical manifestations as rhinitis, dacryagogue, and sometimes asthma attacks.

As risk factors hereditary predisposition, frequent respiratory infections, smoking, improper feeding can serve. People whose birthplace belongs to zones of high concentration of pollen, and also children who were born in a season of plentiful dusting of plants can get to risk group.

The statistics says: in the different countries of the world of a pollinozama suffers from 0,2 to 39% of the population. Most often persons from 10 to 40 years are ill. Till 14 years twice more often boys, and aged from 15 till 50 years - women get sick. 50% of patients pollinozy get sick till 15 years, 90% - till 30 years.

The illness proves more often with, apparently, usual symptoms of an indisposition - fatigue, irritability. Then there is irritation in a throat, cold, reddening of eyes (conjunctivitis). Also it can be observed, dermatitis, sometimes asthma attacks, are rare, but skin manifestations are possible. Pollinoz quite often confuse to cold therefore people very often ignore a disease, postponing the request for medical care for many years.

Characteristic of a pollinoz is accurate seasonality that is connected with the period of blossoming of some groups of plants. The fact that not any pollen is capable to cause allergic manifestations is interesting. Pollen of plants is considered dangerous that are pollinated by wind. Usually it with inconspicuous small flowers, they have plants light pollen and flying. Plants with big and bright flowers are pollinated at the expense of insects who are attracted by aroma and coloring of flowers. Pollen of such plants sticky and heavy therefore it cannot be the cause of an allergy.

Also among suffering pollinozy there is an opinion that symptoms in May - June are caused by poplar down. However this down is quite big for hit in airways. Besides is not pollen of a poplar, and only its fruits. The allergy in summer of poplar down is caused by pollen of the plants blossoming at this time.

Exist mainly to rub dangerous the period, so-called “pollen waves“ .

The first coincides with the period of blossoming of a hazel grove, an oak, birch, poplar, an alder, maple, ash-tree. It “a spring wave“. It proceeds in April - May.

The second - “a summer wave“. It is observed in June - July when blossom rye, oats, wheat, a wheat grass, a feather grass. During the same period the linden which too often causes an allergy blossoms.

The third wave drops to the period of blossoming of a wormwood, an ambrosia, an orach (from August to September).

What it is necessary to undertake to reduce manifestations of a pollinoz?

During a dangerous season, a blossoming season, it is worth canceling trips to the country, to limit walks near parks and squares. Minimize the stay outdoors in windy weather. It is better to make long walks after a dozhdichka or in cloudy days when hated pollen is beaten by moisture to the earth.

After return home outerwear should be vytrusit outside premises. Stirring is made after protection of airways by a damp scarf or a napkin. Not superfluous will be to wash and take a shower. Physicians recommend to wash out after contact with allergen a nose and a mouth vodno - hydrochloric solution.

in windy weather it is the best of all for span to hold Windows closed, but if this moment is transferred hard, it is desirable to have at open windows and window leaves of a grid which detain pollen. Grids need to be washed regularly.

do not forget about frequent damp cleaning in rooms where you are.

If an opportunity is, then leave to the north from the place of residence, move closer to reservoirs.

during blossoming of anemogamous plants diets recommend to adhere.

At “the first pollen wave“ it is necessary to exclude from the diet apples, sweet cherry, cherry, plum, peaches, hazelnuts, carrots, potatoes, a celery, peas, a kiwi; at the second - oats, wheat, barley, a sorrel, honey; at the third it is not necessary to be fond of oranges, tangerines and other citrus. Also it is not necessary to eat chicory, honey, beet, spinach, a melon, bananas.

during manifestations of a pollinoz, as well as at other allergic diseases, physicians advise to reduce the content of table salt in the eaten food, together with it it is necessary to increase receipt in an organism of the products containing calcium, it is capable to reduce inflammatory process.

Pollinoz is a chronic allergic disease which causes considerable discomfort in the person from year to year. In general, it is impossible to prevent pollinoz, but it is possible to learn to control it and to help the organism to transfer the adverse period. Be more attentive and more careful to itself!