How it is correct to clean an aquarium?
How many it would not be told about advantage of some fishes in maintenance of purity in an aquarium, best “hospital attendant“ everything are the owner of an aquarium is. That the aquarium had an attractive appearance, and fishes and plants were healthy, it is necessary to look after him.
The first 1,5 - 2 months after “start“ of an aquarium you need to feed daily fishes, to watch their behavior, to delete the begun to rot leaves and the remains of a forage, to monitor emergence of seaweed in an aquarium and if necessary to regulate lighting. Also once a week to add fresh water instead of evaporated but which time not to change it.
If you correctly made “start“ of an aquarium, then after this time in an aquarium biological balance will be established. Your aquarium will take a beautiful form. By this time water in an aquarium from water turned into “fish conditioned water“, or as aquarians speak, into “old“ water. In an aquarium it is absolutely transparent. If in the dark room to light a forward wall of an aquarium, apparently, that fishes hang in emptiness. But in the white enameled basin “old water“ will gain yellowish color. There comes time of the first cleaning.
It is necessary to begin with cleaning of glasses. It can be made by means of special scrapers or a usual edge for razors, and also a kapron bast or a sponge. The fine effect gives application of special kitchen sponges from fiber glass fabric. All electric devices have to be switched-off. If your aquarium from plexiglas, then it is cleaned only a sponge or a kapron bast. It is impossible to use more solid materials because they will leave scratches.
After cleaning of glasses we delete the begun to rot and turned yellow leaves on plants by means of scissors. If necessary we do change of plants. If in an aquarium there are plants forming a bush (kriptokorina, ekhinodorusa...) they cannot be touched for 4-6 months after landing.
During these manipulations, as if you tried, in an aquarium dregs will appear. Wait for minutes five - ten that it settled, and accurately clear fingers leaves of plants of the weighed organic chemistry particles.
After that you can start purification of soil by means of a hose with a funnel on the end. On sale there is a set of special devices for these purposes, but if you want to save money, then you can make it independently. For this purpose you need a flexible hose with a diameter of 10-15 mm and a usual watering can which you get on the end of a tube. Length of a hose has to be percent thirty more double height of an aquarium.
You lower the end of a hose with a watering can on a bottom, you press to soil and through other end you suck in water (drivers so usually do at gasoline plum), and you send a water stream to in advance prepared bucket. Water current dirt directs there. Rearranging a funnel around plants, you clean surplus of organic chemistry and you merge part of water.
Still the best effect gives application instead of a “voroshilka“ funnel (a plastic or aluminum tube with numerous openings at distance of 3 - 4 cm from the soldered conical end). By means of this simple adaptation you not only clean dirt from a soil surface, but also clean soil from within, saturating it with fresh water. It is very useful for roots of plants and considerably reduces redoks - potential (okislitelno - recovery potential). Thus, you prolong life to the aquarium.
During this procedure you watch the volume of the merged water. It should not exceed 1/5 total amount of an aquarium. I recommend to make a mark in a sidewall. If to cast 1/5 part of water from an aquarium and to bend over a surface of the water which remained in it, it is possible to feel a smell of a fresh grass. It is the best indicator. Another water in an aquarium has to smell of nothing.
After cleaning and discharge of the recommended amount of water in an aquarium add fresh water. As a rule, recommend to add in advance otstoyanny water, but my personal experience and experience of the club of aquarians run by me shows that water can be added directly from the crane. If volume added waters more than 1/5, then it is necessary to remove gases from it. For this purpose water can be warmed up to 70*C and to cool to 40*C, and after that to pour in an aquarium. And if there is otstoyanny - then it is possible to add at once. When you add water - hold up a palm under a stream.
Whether water substitution is obligatory? There are a lot of reasonings, but a conclusion one: it is obligatory. At substitution of water concentration of the substances emitted by fishes which do not decay decreases and “are not processed“ by plants.
It is also necessary to note that aquarian inhabitants for normal development have to receive the minerals dissolved in water in necessary quantities. In natural reservoirs they are washed away from soil breeds. In an aquarium they can appear only with fresh water.
And in conclusion I want to add that cleaning of an aquarium with partial substitution of water in the settled system should be done regularly - once a week. At the volume of aquarium over 200 liters - every two weeks, and in small aquariums (20-30 l) - sometimes and two times a week. Here - that also affects a golden rule of aquarium husbandry: the volume of an aquarium is always inversely proportional to cost of care of it .