Rus Articles Journal

What historical names of Israel were?

the Country of Israel (Erets - Israel) throughout many centuries was realized as the historical homeland of the Jewish people. In the Tanakh (Bible) its communication with the people of Israel is repeatedly emphasized. In certain time Erets - Israel represented part of larger geographical unit.

Shumera in 1 - y to a half 3 - go the millennia saw BC in Erets - Israel part of “the Western Country“.

Akada in the middle of 3 - go the millennia BC called Erets - Israel - “Emory`s Country“.

In 2 - m the millennium BC the name “Emory`s Country“ extended to Erets - Israel and Syria. The word “emor“ was used in the Tanakh (Bible) as the name of one of knaaneysky tribes, and sometimes and in a broader sense.

The ancient name of the country - Canaan - appears in 2 - m the millennium BC in Ancient Egyptian sources.

Since the end 14 - go to 12 - go centuries BC the name “Country Kanaan (Canaan)“ was distributed. The name “Kanaan (Canaan)“ was used in the Tanakh (Bible) as designation of the west bank of Jordan, and in a broad sense - as well western part of Syria. This name meant mainly low parts - the coastal valley and West side of the valley Jordan.

After the sons of Israel who left Egypt entered possession of the earth, the name “Kanaan“ became the historical name.

The narrow strip on North - east coast of the Mediterranean Sea as which southern border the city of Acre and Carmel`s mountain were considered was called “Phoenicia“. The name it for the first time meets in Homer`s “Odyssey“ (a song 14 - I) and has the Greek origin. However Phoenicians called themselves “kananeyam“ though in the Tanakh to their thicket call “sidonets“.

In days of the Egyptian Average kingdom and at the beginning of the New kingdom (to 19 - y dynasties) Erets - Israel, the part of Syria and Lebanon were united by the name “Ratena“.

In akkadsky sources of 23 - 16 centuries BC the name to “Amur“ is applied (the country amorreev).

In days of the New kingdom Erets - Israel and Yuzhnaya Syria carried the name “Harra“ or “Hurra“ (the country of hurrit). These names appear in assiro - the Babylon texts of the middle 2 - go the millennia BC of

the Ancient widespread name “Erets Ha - Ivry“ (the earth of Jews) was used both in the Tanakh (Bible), and in later times.

The name “Erets Bny - Israel“ (the earth of sons of Israel) also meets in the Tanakh.

These names are already meant as the promised land.

At the end of the period of the Second Temple the name “Erets - Israel“ (country of Israel) was finally fixed in the Jewish tradition, literature and in life beyond Israel. This name for the first time occurs in the Tanakh (Bible) in the narration about wars of the tsar Saul (about 1030).

The name “Erets - Israel“ defines area of accommodation of Israelis, but not the country as geographical whole with its natural borders. “Erets - Israel“, according to the Tanakh (Bible) is a kingdom 10 - ti knees Israel.

With split of the Integrated Israeli kingdom after Solomon`s death (928 BC) of the territory of the Northern kingdom (Israeli) began to call “Israel“, and Youzhny - “Yehuda“.

After falling of the Israeli kingdom (722 BC) the name “Yehuda“ gradually took root as the name of all territory of the country.

After the final section of a kingdom the name “Israel“ designates area of a kingdom of Efraim, and the area of a kingdom of the house of Davidov is called “Erets Yehuda“.

After exile of Israel the remains 10 - ti knees approached Yehude, and the word “yehudi“ became a synonym of the words “beng Israel“ and “ivr“.

After the Babylon exile the name “Yehuda“ designates area of the autonomous Jewish settlement, and subsequently - a kingdom Hashmonaim and Gordusa. This the name remains also at the Roman dominion, up to revolt suppression Bang - Kokhby (135 g) when the Roman emperor Adrian administratively renamed Judea into Palestine.

The name “Palestine“ arose as an adjective from the word “Pleshtet“: there was a name “Syria Ge - Palestine“ (Syria Pleshtinskaya). Subsequently the name was reduced (the name “Syria“ was lowered), and the adjective turned into a noun.

The name “Syria Palestinian“ (derivative of “Filistei“ - the part of the coast occupied by philistines) was accepted in the Hellenistic world and occurs in the 5th century BC in Herodotus`s compositions.

This name designated bible Knaan, the Roman province near Phoenicia and Arabia.

In 356 g Palestine was divided into two provinces, and from 425 g this name is called each of three areas into which the country was divided: Palestine Prima (Yehuda and Shomron), Palestine Secunda (the most part of Galilee and Golan), Palestine the Third (Moab and Edom to the Eilat gulf).

After the Arab gain Palestine the Third did not exist more as the manned earth. Palestine Prima turned in “Dzhund (voyenny okrug) Palastin“ with the capital into Ramle, and Palestine Secunda - in “Dzhund Urdun“ (Jordan).

After falling of the empire of crusaders the name “Palestine“ stopped being official, but Christians continued to use it for designation Erets - Israel on both coast of Jordan.

With the Arab gain in the 638th Mr. Erets - Israel is one of provinces of the caliphate under the name “Falastin“ (the Arab form of the name “Palestine“).

In the Middle Ages Erets ha - Kodesh“ began to call Israel “(Holy Land).

In 1922. British narrowed value of the name “Palestine“ which from now on extended only to the west bank of Jordan.

The Arab state on east coast of Jordan received the name “Transjordan“.

Since 1949 east coast and the Arab part of the western territory Erets - Israel received the name “Jordanian Kingdom“.

The Jewish part of the western territory Erets - Israel received the name “Medinat Israel“ (State of Israel).

Jews expressed love and attachment to Erets - Israel as well other names: Sacred Country, Holy Land, Destiny of the Lord, Country desired, Promised Land.