Spochan or chyambara? Yes all the same!
having For the first time appeared on knightly tournament (well, that is on its historical reconstruction), I heard the word “tyambar“, unfamiliar for myself. As it appeared, this battle on artificial “cold weapon“ - the form which is densely pumped up by air reminding a blade.
I heard the term “tyambar“ from re-enactors, therefore did not doubt correctness of the name at all. And, as it appeared, in vain. Tell the Japanese that you took part in a tyambara, - and the resident of the land of the rising sun will decide that you are somehow connected with cinema. The matter is that the tyambara in Japan is the special film genre singing of Samurais and battle on swords. The genre in essence is the historian - adventure, and his brightest representative is the movie “Zatoychi“. The word “tyambar“ (or “chambara“, across Polivanov) just also means “fight on swords“.
And here that we call “tyambar“ Japanese (who thought up this sport) call “ńďî÷ŕí“. This word it is formed from “sport“ and … it is correct, “tyambara“. Tetsundo Tanabe in 1973 - x year on the basis of a samurai duel thought up and based spochan. Battles are conducted on nontraumatic imitations of a cold weapon (those forms which are pumped up by air - “pneumatic swords“). The fact that in this sport there is no division of participants according to a sexual character is interesting: men and women with enthusiasm thrash each other in sparrings.
The new sport quickly won popularity. In 1989 there took place the first international competitions in a spochan. It was promoted, in particular, by simplicity of rules that strikingly distinguishes spochan from, for example, kendo (here one philosophy of a duel of what costs!) . In the spochena competitions are held on the Olympic system - in the following circle there are only winners. Duels are conducted all doodny point (one defeat recognized by judges). The exception makes a final duel which is conducted to three points.
As one more attractive property of a spochan for fans of fencing serves a big variety of types of duels. Here both classical “in private“, and fight with the unequal number of rivals (for example, one against three), and command for team (“a wall on a wall“), and also the mode “everyone for“. Also skill of participants is very much appreciated: accuracy and clearness of blows.
Competitions in a spochan share on kikhon (demonstration performances) and to datoyets (duels). In the first case athletes compete in the correct execution of some formal actions of a kat - a complex from several basic blows the weapon. The main goal in the kikhena - to put the fastest, accurate and powerful blow to all resolved parts of a body of the opponent.
Datotsu (yapon. “blows and pricks“) is a main type of duels in the spochena. Here for a victory it is necessary and to strike enough “deadly“ blow before the opponent. Unlike a kikhon, in datoyets there are no restrictions for defeat zones: as a target serves all body of the opponent.
In more detail rules and features of a spochan can be found in the Internet easily. In Russia there are both clubs, and even the whole associations of supporters of this sport. One of Tetsundo Tanabe`s desires was to present to people a beautiful and fascinating way of safe fencing.
It at it perfectly turned out!