Aquarium. How it is correct “to start“ it?
of the Person the underwater world long since interested. The facts from old antiquity which demonstrate desire to have this piece of the world at home are known to us. The aspiration to aquarium husbandry gradually grew and at the end of the eighteenth century got considerable distribution.
The English scientist - the naturalist F. G. Goss who for the first time offered the word “ aquarium “ in 1850 organized the first exhibition of sea aquariums in the London zoo. And until now the constant exhibition of aquariums works here, but also fresh-water aquariums were added now. I am glad that I repeatedly had to act on it as the visitor. Goss considered an aquarium as the best way of distribution of biological knowledge among the population.
The foundation of hobby for an aquarium in Russia was laid by the prince Grigory Potemkin who the first imported goldfishes. In 1863 in Moscow the first exhibition of aquariums with domestic fresh-water fishes was organized.
Interest in aquariums and in present time did not die away. Very many, having for the first time seen fascinating small fishes behind glass, have a desire to have same at home, but very often they are waited by disappointment: ignorance of bases of aquarium husbandry leads to thoughtless arrangement of an aquarium and death of their favourites. The processes proceeding in an aquarium demand a certain knowledge therefore it is necessary to begin with them.
For the correct work of an aquarium very important that in it biological balance - a state Akwa - systems at which as a result of biological and chemical reactions waste products and the food remains manage to decay and be acquired was established, without causing negative reaction of live hydrobionts. For establishment of biological balance huge value has its “start“.
As it is correct to carry out it?
Process this stage-by-stage, and first of all we have to carefully wash up an aquarium . Baking soda is for this purpose used. To apply soap and furthermore synthetic detergents, it is impossible. Their traces long remain in seams and putty and, being gradually allocated in water, poison inhabitants. Small aquariums wash out under a stream of flowing water two times, carefully rinsing it. Big capacities are washed on an installation site, filling on 1/4 water of 3-5 times.
After washing the aquarium is filled with water and allow to be defended 1 - 2 day. it Becomes for the purpose of check of durability of an aquarium, especially frame. Then water merges, and malfunctions are eliminated. At emergence of a leak in a frame aquarium it is filled with warm water (45-50*C). Putty will be softened and will fill cracks. Glued aquariums from silicate glass seldom leak, but if it occurred, stick them with special glue or silicone.
We finalize an aquarium on strong and strictly horizontal surface (it is possible to check it by means of construction level). The aquarium can stand in any place if only on it the direct sunlight which surplus will cause rough blossoming of green seaweed did not fall. In an empty aquarium on a bottom we install a false bottom and system of drainage pipes (alternative to filters) if it is planned, and also the ground filter.
The following stage - soil laying . The best soil for an aquarium - gravel with a diameter of grains of 2-5 mm. Fine, easily available substratum is coarse sand with a size of particles of 2-4 mm. It possesses sufficient porosity. Exchange processes in such soil long time are not broken. In aquariums with success also small pebble with a size of particles from 4 to 8 mm is used. Such soil slezhivatsya less, than the substratum of coarse sand, but its silting occurs more slowly. In an aquarium it is possible to apply also an artificial substratum. The most convenient and having many advantages is expanded clay. I want to warn that it is impossible to use a substratum with inclusions of marble or limestone which do water rigid. Soil is previously washed out under a stream of hot water. My personal experience showed that there is no need for its boiling and processing by hydrochloric acid.
Soil in an aquarium is placed a layer 3-7 cm thick with a bias to a windshield. Soil surely has to be dark - black, gray, brown or is dark - red color. On such background greens of plants and bright coloring of fishes will win considerably.
In the same time establish scenery elements . Making out an aquarium, it is necessary to copy the nature. Various figures, locks and artificial plants are inappropriate in an aquarium. We establish a background. For this purpose we close a back wall of an aquarium blue, red, but best of all black paper.
We fill in tap water in an aquarium (it is not obligatory to defend) and we allow to be defended several days. It is very useful to arrange a water purge with air by means of the compressor at this time. For improvement of gas exchange and warming up of water in an aquarium establish a heater. In a day - two it is possible to plant plants.
In 2 - 3 days water begins to grow turbid . This process is natural and it is better not to interfere with it. There is a formation of biological balance. In 5-7 days water begins to brighten and it means that bacteria in an aquarium were succeeded by protozoa including well-known all a paramecium caudatum. At this time it is possible to occupy aquarian fishes. That process of formation of biological balance took place quicker, in a new aquarium add at least 1 liter of water from an old aquarium. Mollusks it is possible to place in an aquarium for 2 - 3 day.
Occupying fishes in an aquarium, it is necessary to execute several rules. In - the first , conditions of keeping have to correspond to natural. In - the second , it is impossible to overpopulate an aquarium fishes at all. In - the third , it is impossible to support peaceful and aggressive fishes in one aquarium: one fishes get on with all, others are at enmity with fishes of the or others look. In an aquarium there have to be shelters and the place for swimming of fishes.