What at the book under a cover? The BBK
index Classification of Books in storage on an author`s sign - business almost intuitively clear. But this simplicity - both the advantage of system, and its shortcoming. Very often necessary is a classification not on an obvious formal sign - an alphabetic order - and on subject.
Especially it is important for libraries specialized - educational, technical, scientific, at the considerable volumes of modern storages of information.
On the back of the title page of the majority of books we see BBK abbreviation at digital (or bukvenno - digital) an index. It is a code bibliotechno - bibliographic classification . It just also allows to place the book in storage according to its subject.
Bibliotechno - bibliographic classification is developed in the USSR about half a century back. As a lot of things in those days, very ideologized. She was overworked, changed according to the reality surrounding us and with death of the USSR did not die. Now it is national classification system in the Russian Federation.
The BBK code (as well as an author`s sign), in - the first and in - main, is necessary to librarians. With its help in the Russian libraries each book receives a registration in the catalog and on shelves. This classification in its option for mass libraries is simple. Librarians of Russia, it appears, read this code at least on 1 - 2 figures deep into without cribs.
As cribs - as the coding basis - for the librarian serve tables BBK. What exist not in the only option, and in several.
Reduced the option is intended for libraries mass. For scientific - average option. Somewhere at transcendental tops of library science, in a high tower of the owner of copyright of BBK there is an option reference . It, as any standard, - not for daily use in practice of classification of the books coming to any library, and for preservation of knowledge, for verification of “working“ tables with it. For specification, development of specification at requirement, etc. of
In the most general terms the system looks so. The index for books of subject general scientific begins with figure 1. Figures from 2 to 5 index branches of natural sciences, from fundamental to applied, from physics - chemistry - mathematics to medicine, rural and forestry. Numbers from 6 to 8 are taken away under public and the humanities, 9 unites literature of “universal contents“.
Specification is reached by accession to initial figure second, third (and also introduction of various signs - points, brackets round and slanting, hyphens, letters). Let`s tell, books historical have the BBK index beginning with 63, fiction - 84, books on psychology - 88. You watch details and analyze in those books that will appear near at hand ( at me here appeared one here such: BBK 63. 3 (2) 46 - 7ya 73. Horror! ).
It is a basis of tables BBK for libraries mass. For scientific libraries the first group of editions (general scientific subject) has the index beginning with a letter A. Natural sciences in general are marked by a letter B. Books on stories - T. Fiction - Sh. Psikhologiya (along with philosophy) - Yu. I am taken away for literature of universal contents.
So, the short characteristic of the book in conditional language is necessary to store books and to provide access to them at the request of persons in need. Inquiry, by itself, we turn to the knowing people - librarians - professionals.
Well, if it is necessary - and let diligent librarians would rustle in calm of libraries, thumbed through the tables, wrote out these complexes of symbols on the title page of books, glued labels on a cover. Let it would be an internal affair of libraries.
However a task of such coding of books for a long time - care not only librarians, but also publishers. The publishing standard demands presence on the back of the title page of the BBK index. The good form at publishers is considered to provide the new book with these codes. But, as many customs, rules of etiquette, this norm, having become for many decades ritual, in general, gradually loses sense.
Really, the publisher, appropriating to the book the BBK code, proceeds from the general principles of an assessment of the book and deep acquaintance to its contents. The librarian means first of all specialization of concrete library and traditions existing in it, and only then - the summary from a turn of the title page. And the bibliographer - according to the summary in which are characterized the author the edition also is designated address group, first of all will define according to what tables he should be guided: for libraries mass or for libraries scientific.
It turns out here that. Here the monograph “Condition of an Ecosystem of the Lake of Nero at the beginning of the 21st Century“ (ISBN 978 - 5 - 02 - 036070 - 9; M, Science, 2008). The scientific book, but BBK at it - from tables for libraries mass. It is appropriated in BBK 28 publishing house. 082. But in libraries which catalogs I run - run found in the Internet for this book the following BBK are put: 28. 082. 4 and 28. 080. 3. Though in a trifle, but the difference is.
It turns out, each of three characters involved in procedure of classification of the edition can give to the same book the BBK special index. Besides what the main goal of all three, properly to believe, - to provide to the possible reader a meeting with the book on demand. So, this possible reader has to formulate the inquiry in any language, but is unambiguous. As, for example, it can be made on ISBN.
Here also we come to the conflict between the librarian, the qualifier and the publisher. And the reader, of course, - for him both the first, and the second tried, and the third. And even the fourth - the author of the book.
It is clear, that the system is vulnerable: at simultaneous aspiration to universality and detail of the description it appears it is impossible to identify the book this code unambiguously. This system is vulnerable when expects that the decision was made by the person. See above: which of three?
Especially obvious this vulnerability appeared in the theory and practice of an existing of UDC (one more index from a turn of the title page of the book). But it is a subject of special conversation.