Writer: what history of a profession?
the First writers widely famous (still) were vagrant singers. Went from the settlement to the settlement, sang songs about old events and about heroes of the past, and grateful listeners fed them, gave them a lodging for the night and, showing the door from the village next morning, gave them also a little food with themselves. In other words, the first writers were beggars.
Over time when on change it is primitive - to a communal system came slaveholding, new writers did not wander about infinite roads of tiny Greece any more. Being owners of some number of slaves, they were able to afford to pour out on parchment or on the papyrus in verses or prose the view of the world. And other same free citizens of the first democracies of Earth read verses or prose. In any case “read“ - many read still. Also it is awfully a pity that our grandfathers - great-grandfathers could read them in originals, in Latin or Greek, and we are forced to use the translations into the modern languages.
After falling of antique democracies under blows of uneducated, but stronger enemies and the chaos established in Europe literature and writers disappeared. Though for certain and at fires of wild winners of Romans sang songs. And communicated at distance for certain by means of written messages.
Gradually life started over again being adjusted, the old cities were populated and new appeared. Again class stratification has an effect. Again there were people at whom the food appeared more, than they could eat, and began to convert this food into very different things. In addition, there were ballads, there were troubadours who composed these ballads and executed.
At a feudal system of successful singers - the troubadours who pleased with the verses to the senor were thanked for the pleasant song the coins and purses thrown to their legs. What progress in comparison with feeding and a lodging for the night for singers of Ancient Greece! However, it is unlikely in old Greek times set dogs on unlucky singers or flogged as it was done by feudal senores.
... There was time, songs changed. The quantity of competent grew promptly. Not all from them studied the diploma only to read the bible. Publishing began to develop.
Gutenberg`s invention went to masses. Books began to become cheaper. The 19th century with its fiction came, at last. Noblemen with pleasure read, read very different. In Lev Tolstoy`s story one of heroes reads the book “Les Trois mousquetaires“ - it means that the book passed from the category of rarities into the category of widely used objects (at least for some segments of the population).
Industrial revolution demanded not just much, and is a lot of competent people therefore now even those who and did not think earlier of literacy got an education. Together with ability to read at many interest in reading appeared. There was profitable a sharp increase in publishing, increase in number of printing houses and the number of presses. As a result - circulations of books grew and various genres of literature developed.
Writers are the people living due to literary earnings - could already not only survive, but even found a certain popularity and glory. And with them prosperity and vital comfort.
Alas, but aspiration to bear in the people “reasonable, kind, eternal“, having faced realities of life, it was transformed to “adventures of the famous detective Nick Carter“ because reading lyud more the blood splashing from pages of the book, than young Werther`s sufferings attracted.
On blood, war for the power, gold, sex there are always more buyers, than on the books motivating the reader grow over itself - so to think, spend forces. What for? Near the clever book on shelves of shop there are always tens of fascinating adventures, tearful melodramas, bloody detective stories... and nest to them numbers. In all centuries tried to provide to consumers not so much information how many “it is beautiful to make“. Well, or to please...
Hundreds of thousands of trashy books fall on one clever Book and, filling up with the weight the reader, hide from him that only Book under waste paper tons.
Current revelry of “electronic literature“ even more complicated process of search of the Book. Presently a heap of the websites on all “A great network“ extend “reasonable, kind, eternal“, but the most part of this good - a product - a something ephemeral.
Sharply information transfer speed from the author to the reader increased. If it was necessary to go to bookstore about 10 years ago, to look that newcomer to buy, then it is enough to approach the computer now, to connect its USB - a cable to the electronic book and to download at least hundred, at least thousand new books from the Network.
In the West commercialization of literature began much earlier, than at us and therefore came much further.
To people laziness to raise, work on itself, reading clever books. There were genres, reading which, it is not necessary to think. In the beginning detective stories, then melodramas, and for especially anxious - a sensuality.
There is a wish to seem educated? There is residue from Great Books pass - the size: “that is killed that - there - and so -“. “Hamlet“ on a page, “War and peace“ - on two - three pages...
Even to read laziness? There are comics in which the text slightly - slightly, the main thing - images.
To read laziness - to watch even comics? There were audiobooks.
And the farther, the it is less in a heap of “new literature“ of those pearl grains which so seldom come out from - under a feather of the presents of Poets and of Writers . And it is difficult to see Poets and Writers in dense crowd of creators of best-sellers. Whether there are they in this crowd, did not wipe their successful “knigodela“?
Generally, a layer of “writers“ poor independent singers formed once, and present knigodela bake as pancakes, texts packs by means of the computer equipment (it is so much cents for 1000 symbols). Whether the situation to the best will change?