How to grow up potatoes under hay?
Potatoes can be grown up differently: traditionally - forming crests, in bags, in barrels, in burta, in hills... And still it is possible - under hay or under straw, generally, under a mulch. The way is this not new, it is known many years and with success is applied by fans of so-called natural agriculture.
How to grow up potatoes under hay?
It appears b, very much and very simply! It is so simple that, having tried time, you do not want to come back to traditional, quite labor-consuming agrotechnology any more. So, we study this reception in detail.
In classical option all process looks approximately so. On the flat, not dug up damp earth display rows potato tubers, observing distances, as well as in traditional technology, then cover with hay or straw a layer about 25 cm. In total! If the mulch layer settles over time, then it is added. Neither to weed, nor it is not necessary to water. Through such fur coat weeds cannot break through, moisture from the soil does not evaporate, potatoes form tubers in ideal conditions for it - heat, air-permeably, rykhlo. In the summer the shelter is possible accurately otgrest, to choose larger young tubers for food and again to cover. In the fall, after yellowing of a tops of vegetable, this vegetable shelter is raked - and a harvest all clearly, pure, leveled and, as a rule, high. Go and collect to buckets.
Without minuses, however, in any way. In - the first, on the big area of the potato field quite not easy to find enough straw or Sena. In - the second, places potato can become green if somewhere there is a thin layer of Sena / straw. In - the third, mice can lodge in straw and even to gnaw tubers, and slugs can visit hay. And all - pluses are so obvious that they completely block these shortcomings.
How to grow up potatoes under hay in the conditions of deficiency of this hay? An exit is: we combine a traditional agrotechnology with natural. For receiving its early potatoes weeks for three before landing are useful to couch
at least a few. For example, to pour seed tubers the damp soil (peat, sawdust) and to expose on the solar place. By the time of landing tubers will create excellent strong sprouts with a bunch of roots. Such seedling will also ascend quicker, and will yield a harvest earlier.
The place for landing of potato can be chosen even with the dense loamy soil - all the same we do not need its deep processing. By means of a shovel or a usual chopper we do small holes under potato and we put it, having only a little powdered with the soil, literally on several centimeters, in passing forming a small crest about 10 cm high and about 20 cm wide. What does it give? In - the first, tubers will not become green at a lack of a mulch. In - the second, in case of heavy rains they will be anyway secured and will not appear on the Earth`s surface. In - the third, Sena or straw for concealment is required much less, especially if there is no opportunity to add during the season.
Now on each side we stack dry hay on the created crests, for a start at least a small layer - it will work all the same: to protect from loss of moisture and to suppress weeds. The strongest, of course, can break through on light, but, in - the first, they will be units, easily and to pull out such quantity, and in - the second, it is necessary just to report in the subsequent a mulch to thicker layer. Everything, till fall there will be nothing to do here.
Which - that on a note. Hay needs to be stacked on well heated-up soil (however, it is one of conditions and to start landing of potatoes). Hay has to be dry since the damp new-mown grass in a thick layer will begin to burn and decay. But if there is no time to dry it, and it is necessary to lay - do a thin layer which will quickly dry, then you will add when there is opportunity. It is possible to stack hay a continuous carpet directly on all crest, but I would advise to leave the top the sun which is slightly opened for more intensive warming up and, therefore, the fastest germination of tubers. They then the tops will not put all mulch on racks and will ascend without hindrances. Besides, at the beginning of vegetation potatoes need moisture therefore at its long drought it will be necessary to water once plentifully - it is convenient to make it just in this slightly opened zone, without moistening hay. Water will spread in a crest and will remain there already for a long time, without evaporating, thanks to protection from hay. During the season hay, of course, will gradually decay and to its fall will remain already a little, it will perform the work, will not prevent to harvest too.
To dig out potato at such way of landing - continuous pleasure. Even the firm clay soil under a mulch literally changes for one season - becomes friable and pliable. Tubers lie superficially, it is only enough to kovyrnut slightly a shovel with little effort - and all of them on a surface, large, equal. In principle, it is possible to do also without shovel, simply hands raking these small crests entirely consisting of the tubers which are slightly covered with the earth.
So what gives cultivation of potatoes under hay?
Pluses in every respect:
deep processing of the soil is not required;
landing fast and absolutely not labor-consuming;
with weeding and an earthing up can say goodbye to pleasure;
watering can be necessary only at a long drought, and that is for secure;
collecting tubers will not strain your back any more;
the structure of the soil considerably improves without any efforts. whether
So should grow up potatoes under hay? Costs! To try at least. If the settled stereotypes prevent to lay tubers only under hay at once, use the described combined method - it is sensitive lands and a little hay. And let the good harvest inspires on new experiments!