Rus Articles Journal

How policemen of the Tower of London bore guard duty?

B 1714 Ann, the last queen of England and Scotland, the first queen of Great Britain died. Ann gave birth sixteen times, but only one of sons lived up to the eleventh birthday, the others died in infancy, or in general were born the dead.

The younger brother of the queen James Edward Francis was Catholic and therefore under the British laws of the rights for a throne had no. Therefore the distant relative, the second cousin, George (George), the Elector of Hanover became the king.

But James Edward Francis considered as the true king of up to that he a touch of a hand cured patients with a scrofula. Spain, France and the Pope, and also many Scottish clans of the applicant supported. Supporters of the house of James II were called by dzheykobaytam (yakobitam). The moment when they landed on the Island with the good purpose to win to James a fatherly throne came.

In November, 1715 almost at the same time northern army of yakobit was crushed at Sheriffmure, southern - at Preston. At Preston among other leaders of revolt William Maxwell, the fifth count Nisdeyl was captured. The short conclusion in the Tower of London, short court and a sentence - the death penalty. Execution is appointed to February 24, 1716.

In the evening 23 - go to policemen of external guard was lady Winifred Maxwell, the countess Nisdeyl, told that to her husband pardon is signed, on pleasures presented with money. It is very likely that the Scottish countess without stinting treated protection of the Tower to the Scottish drink, otherwise further it is difficult to explain all.

As well as any notable lady, the countess did not go without attendants anywhere. This time with it there were her London acquaintances, Mrs. Mills and Mrs. Morgan. Mrs. Mills was a woman of high growth moreover and on heels.

Security guards freely passed the countess and accompanying her I will give in the Tower. With policemen of internal guard lady Winifred was also kind and generous. Women entered a chamber where expected execution of the columns Nisdeyl.

But almost at once left. The whimsical countess left at home some knickknack, important for it, and asked Mrs. Mills to descend behind this thing. That did not manage to return as Mrs. Morgan it became bad in a stuffy chamber, and lady Winifred was forced nearly by run to bring her to air. Then it returned to a chamber, Mrs. Mills right there approached, then it left, but Mrs. Morgan improved and too returned, then she left the Tower too.

The policemen who are warmed up by the Scottish drink perceived all this as chaotic flashing of women`s raincoats with hoods especially as wives of their colleagues and their own right there wandered. How many women are in a chamber at present - unclear absolutely.

Meanwhile the count was already shaved, made up and got up in Mrs. Mills`s raincoat.

They left one after another, the count ahead, the countess behind him - that the policemen looking them following saw coquettish female gait.

Having brought the husband for gate of the Tower and having transferred him to hands of the friend, Mr. Evans, lady Winifred returned to a chamber again. She spent there still some time, supporting with herself loud conversation. And already late left the castle at night.

Some time the count and contess hid in England, then were transported on the continent and settled in Rome, at the alternative Royal Court of James Edward Francis Stewart. Later lady Winifred Maxwell was prince Charlie`s teacher - the leader of the second revolt of dzheykobayt in 1745 - m

the King George I told that the countess Nisdeyl did it more harm, than any other woman in the Christian world. Maksvella were deprived of all possession and a count title. Nevertheless their son in the second half of the 18th century called himself the count Nisdeyl.

“A raincoat Nisdeylov“ (more precisely - Mrs. Mills`s raincoat) is still stored in a family Maxwell as a precious relic.

Escape the column Nisdeyl - neither the only, nor the first case when the prisoner secretly left the jail, having changed clothes in a women`s dress. There was, at least, one more successful and historically reliable operation such.

But if escape from the Tower in 1716 could become a scenario basis for the comedy, then escape from the Krevsky lock in 1382 - for the horror film.

1410 - y, Gryunvaldsky fight. Polsko - litovsko - russko - the Tatar army crushed army of the Teutonic award. The king of Poland Vladislav (Yagaylo) and the Grand duke Lithuanian Vitovt, cousins ordered.

But it in 1410. And in 1382 there was a desperate race for power in Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Yagaylo during negotiations captured the uncle Keystut and his son Vitovt. Keystut soon died under suspicious circumstances, and Vitovt continued to sit in a vault of the Krevsky lock and to expect unclear what.

Anna, Vitovt`s spouse, achieved permission to appointment and was to visit the husband accompanied by the servant. Anna and Vitovt who is got up in a women`s dress abandoned Krevo and ran in Mariyenburg, under protection of knights - tevton. And the young servant remained in the lock. What with it was made by the enraged policemen when they found substitution - a scope for the perverted imagination.