How compact can be the personal vehicle? Modern approach of
However new crises began to threaten motorists...
In small Japan just there was no place for a huge number of the cars which appeared on roads to a time of “economic miracle“ 60 - x. It was necessary to limit to laws distribution of personal vehicles. Comparative privileges were received only by owners of cars of the smallest class with motors with a working capacity up to 360 cubic cm (now the bar of restriction was raised to 660 cubic cm).
America “braked“ when the Arab countries - exporters of oil created the OPEC organization which began to regulate rigidly prices of oil in 1973. Americans learned what is coupons on gasoline and turns at gas stations. In these conditions compact cars from Europe and Japan began to be in demand. In the large cities choking with traffic jams gangsters estimated advantages of small insects like Subaru 360 on which they maneuvred in a stream as if on a skateboard, leaving police officers with a nose.
The next decades let know that the problem will not get to anywhere if not to solve it. Oil reserves on the planet are exhausted, streets of the cities cannot be broadened indefinitely. Laws which purpose - to induce citizens to change on bicycles or to use public transport are now adopted. However and in sector of personal vehicles there is a development.
The “revolutionary“ Sinclair C5 vehicle was not accepted public - besides scandalous primitiveness and narrowness, it was unreliable. Not all to taste and the French mikroavtomobilchik on which it is forbidden to come out to highways and which besides are more expensive than the “full-fledged“ compact car.
In Hugo`s cities filled with transport - East Asia cyclists and drivers of mopeds best of all feel. Also in a great demand here motor-rickshaws. The Indian manufacturer of motor scooters and motor-rickshaws of Bajadj offered recently more modern option of the production. But under the plastic case of modern design the same ancient motor-rolling units disappear. Under four Hindus with load (which those like to pile to the full) the machine threatens to collapse.
In the modern industry of city vehicles Japan is in the lead. To what only to decisions local inventors do not resort! Honda offered Fuya avtomobilchik - Jo which sizes are reduced because passengers go without sitting, and “semi-standing“. Also engineers of this firm created the car which cabin rotates on the chassis on all 360 °, wheels can turn too on any corner so all the same where to go - forward, back or sideways. On feelings it reminds flight low over the earth by helicopter. And Toyota holds the whole competition of ideas. Among nominees of this competition there is Land Amuser, some kind of space suit on three castors. Also at one of competitions the walking car which slides on the road as if the runner on roller skates was presented.
Inventors prevail in search of the place on the parking. As to you the car rising vertically on back wheels (as if a cobra, huh?) and maneuvering in such situation in the constrained space? Or an avtomobilchik which can be put “on the priest“ to a door of the house like a peculiar platform. The same Toyota created the car which length for the parking decreases almost twice - the body develops in a special way. The skilled electric car Citroyon “draws in“ the back bridge to squeeze on the place, the same idea is used on Renault concept - Matra Zoom. Toyota created a series of Personal Mobility cars in which, according to authors, ideas of mobile phones are used. In general it is capsules, as in the animated film “There Will Be a Tender Rain“, only supplied with wheels. Capsules can accept vertical position, and for the high-speed movement to lay down almost horizontally.
Designers of traditional cars also do not lag behind. Free Sbarro created Speed Twelwe reminding VW Golf of the first generation, but thanks to the power unit assembled from details of four motorcycle Kawasaki motors, this baby could for a start 80 - x to be considered as the real supercar, developing impressive 320 km/h. At the beginning of 90 - x BMW presented a concept of Z13 which length did not exceed 3 m, at the same time in it the driver and two passengers conveniently accommodated - the driver sat on the center, passengers slightly behind and on each side. The motorcycle motor in 80 hp accelerated the machine to 180 km/h, and speed was limited forcibly. Opel C concept - Max had similar configuration.
Mercedes - Benz presented three-wheeled Mercedes - Benz F300 Life Jet in which the decisions which are saved up for many years were applied, such as a suspension bracket with the operated list (tires of this vehicle were created specially taking into account specifics of work of such suspension bracket). Solutions of this concept used serial Carver from Switzerland and other small-scale models.