How compact can be the personal vehicle? Examples from history
Inventors of the first cars at a scope of that time on roads could not ask a question of search of the place on the parking, but nevertheless Louis Reno and Henry Ford`s designs were very tiny - slightly more baby carriage. It was explained by the low power of the motors created by them - they would not pull big crew.
Later some time creators of cars attended to a profitability problem. After World War I the population of Europe was so poor that from the motorized transport preferred a motorcycle with sidecar, and some decided to offer them alternative - something four-wheel and with a roof, but so cheap and unpretentious.
There were tiny avtomobilchik - of a cyclopenalty in which design details of motorcycles were used. At primitive Bedelia of speed switched by change of a tension of a driving belt, the passenger settled down semi-lying ahead of the driver - it and moved the lever a pulley which the belt was thrown. The famous pilot Hans Grade constructed the tiny machine reminding the airplane deprived of wings - the driver and the passenger sat “in single file“ one after another, the awning protecting from bad weather leaned back sideways as if an aviation lamp.
For the sake of compactness went on tricks with configuration - one more former pilot Gabriel Vuazen applied a diamond-shaped arrangement of wheels that allowed besides to make the compact car rather spacious. The similar decision was applied by Mauser firm. In general for the first time it was found by Meberli Smith who created the first car of Sunbeam firm. The arrangement of wheels a rhombus gave some more advantages, unfortunately, similar vehicles are not really steady. Nevertheless this configuration was used also by Pininfarina in 50 - e, and the famous designer Philip Sharbonne in 90 - e.
Roads of America began to be filled with transport meanwhile, and for the city some wanted to get something small-sized. To please to these clients the American Bantham firm acquired the license from the English Austin and began to let out on the tiny English chassis an amusing roadster (it served as a prototype of a red avtomobilchik on which Donald Duck drives about). Bantham vehicles were improved, but nevertheless from - for small sales of products the firm was closed, did not save it and development of the light all-terrain vehicle for the American army. Products of such firms as Flyer Backboard, were issued in smaller quantities and belonged rather to the category of toys, than the full-fledged vehicles allowed for operation on public roads.
After the next World war supercheap and at the same time practical vehicles were necessary again. In the United States of America the manufacturer of household appliances Peter Powell Crossley was engaged in release of microcars. In Europe this production was mastered by the airlines which were left without work. Heinkel, Messerschmitt, Dornier, BMW created the various designs of microcars impressing with the originality. Bought BMW the patent from the Italian firm ISO for production of double Isetta which could be parked perpendicular to the sidewalk and to leave through the door located in a forward end face opening together with a steering column. At four-seater Z ü ndapp Janus such doors were in front and behind that helped out on the close parking.
Mopetta which was issued Egon Bryutsh`s enterprise was the tiniest - it took on the road places less, than the motorcycle, at the same time was capable to gather the speed of 75 km/h. It had no transfer of a backing, but it was easy to be developed in the necessary direction for the handle on a front.
In England grotesque Trident, Frisky and other microscopic machines were issued. The whole class of similar vehicles arose in France, Vespa 400 was one of the first French machines of this class.
But nevertheless, only post-war crisis declined, consumers preferred the real, spacious and convenient cars again.