How to choose the suitable psychologist? Methods of work
It is no secret that in psychology there is a set of techniques of consultation. Respectively, each expert has also the specialization. Specialization means not only the choice of primary tools in work, but also a range of problems which this consultant most often undertakes to solve.
To begin to look for “the“ psychologist it is possible by means of questions. “In what area you specialize?“ “What techniques of consultation you practice?“ “What problems of the plan you will help me to solve?“ Attention, very important question: “For what time (the number of the recommended consultations on average) really to solve my problem?“ On this question nobody will give the exact answer. But you can make the conditional assumption of that, “divorce“ in this institution is how popular.
The review of means of consultation - information open. It is much more difficult to understand what suits you. Especially it is actual when there is no experience of successful decisions. It is possible to advise a trial and error method, but in practice it too expensive costs.
What will be useful for you?
For those who not really want to work on themselves, but needs mitigation of experiences it is possible to offer the existential analysis. Experts in this area for some reason are called psychologists - analysts. Though analytical psychology and the existential analysis - different concepts.
In practice of EA looks so: the psychologist stuffed with theoretical knowledge builds conclusions on the basis of the subjective formulation of a problem the patient, and then does assumptions which at all not necessarily correspond to the truth. What to do with these assumptions - it is unclear.
It is good to discuss the problems with similar psychologists. You will always be understood, supported, encouraged. At the same time the objective, as a rule, is not solved. Actually, process is also the decision. For special enthusiasts similar psychological consultations can become infinite. Problems are available always, so is what to discuss.
With similar success friends can be cried. But also here “reefs“: friends can be tired of never-ending complaints, they are not always capable to listen, and at an opportunity will stick with “a nose in a pool“ (when it becomes clear that you with the problem made nothing). Therefore to the professional psychologist sometimes it is more pleasant to descend.
Actually, there is nothing bad in such consultations. If an opportunity to be uttered, share the problems helps the person to endure them, then why it is not present? The only minus - these opportunities paid. But when the patient has money, time and desire, such works style, as a rule, suits both. The patient - has a good cry and calmed down, the psychologist - listened and received money.
For those who already realized need of changes and it is for the first time ready to make efforts , “simple“ modes of work over themselves will approach. For example, behavioural psychotherapy. According to the description of psychologists, “in this therapy of the complaint of the client are accepted as significant material, but not as symptoms of the problem lying behind them that is peculiar, for example, to psychoanalysis. It is necessary to change and modify specific actions instead of resolving the internal conflicts which are the cornerstone of these actions or to reorganize the personality“.
“Action“ of this method can be acquired easily through popular psychological books where recommendations of type of such are made: at such - that the problem should speak so, to do here so. It is possible to carry everything to a similar sort of councils with the name of type: “How to earn one million“, “How to cease to clash“, etc. Nobody is puzzled with internal deep processes which influence the person in this or that behavior.
Such approach has the right for life when the problem “lies on a surface“, and it can be solved, for example, by means of auto-training. I am enough to repeat several times to myself “good“ - indeed became good! Or repeated to himself “I can“ - and could. Changed a form of the negative communication - and it became positive.
But, alas, nobody only on reading of books still became rich, frictionless, successful etc. When the individual begins to deal with problems deep, internal character, this method almost useless, empty.
That who is ready to cardinal decisions experience over itself has , effective, serious tools are necessary. Those which reveal subconscious motives open deep layers of a problem, answer the question “Who Do I Am Is Actually?“. Here it is possible to advise analytical psychology, an art - and a Gestalt - therapy, the client - the aligned therapy, eriksonovsky hypnosis.
These technicians - very effective. They help to formulate, realize a source of the problem and to understand what with it to do. For effective changes it is necessary to make efforts, to work on itself, to look for, aspire, to reach. Only in this case it is possible to overcome many difficult life situations. At regular visit of the psychologist owning above-mentioned tools there is an opportunity to learn to use them independently.
When you need practical studies , well will approach technology of interaction in group: the tranzaktny analysis, corporally - the focused therapy, neurolinguistic programming, it is system - family arrangements (arrangements on Hellingera), family psychotherapy, tantsedvigatelny therapy. In certain cases group work is much more effective, than individual consultations.
These techniques were widely adopted in various trainings, practicians, in psychological groups.
As a rule, under each client and his problem the individual technique is selected. The psychologist knows many or even all technicians. But specializes only in some. Of course, the main value - the person. As far as he understands you, feels, seeks to help, increases the professionalism, so it also will be useful to you.
In your forces - to read, ask questions, to try, to analyze, feel and choose what approaches.