What is March ides? The triumph and Caesar`s tragedy
Ides in an ancient Roman calendar called day in the middle of the month. It was 15 - e number in March, in May, in July and in October, in other months - 13 - e. Ides were devoted to god to Jupiter, at this time his priest sacrificed a sheep.
Gradually communication between duration of month and number on which ides fell owing to reform of a calendar by Julius Caesar (with the advent of a calendar new, Julian) was lost.
However day - March ides - in Ancient Rome was on March 15 special. New year was celebrated, the goddess Anna Perenna was celebrated. However this date gained also historical fame, became a symbol of fatal events.
On March 15 44 years BC in Pompeii in curia (the building for meetings) in day of a meeting of the Senate Guy Julius Caesar, the great dictator, the charismatic governor, the talented commander, the remarkable writer, the outstanding speaker was killed.
In centuries the remark “Beware of March Ides!“ thanks to William Shakespeare and his play “Julius Caesar“ became a familiar expression.
Not once friends advised the dictator to be careful of envious persons and enemies and to surround themselves with protection, but Caesar answered: “ is better to die once, than to constantly expect death “.
Plutarch demonstrates that the prophet - long before this date warned Caesar about danger on March 15. However that fatal day the pride governor, having met the prophet at steps of the Senate, said with a smile: “March ides came“. “Came, but did not pass yet...“ - the tyrant in reply heard - and in a few minutes died from hands of the conspirators who are afraid of strengthening of monarchic tendencies of Caesar.
Plot were at the head of Cassias and Brut, one of close friends whom he even considered the son.
According to the legend, at first Caesar was protected from attack by the stylus sprained under a hand, but when saw among conspirators of the friend who lifted on it a sword, exclaimed: “Tu quoque, Brute!“ ( I you, Brut! ) - covered the face with a toga and ceased to resist.
Numerous damages (23 chipped wounds!) were superficial; the scared fussy conspirators even wounded each other, trying to reach Caesar. After Caesar was killed, they tried to deliver a speech to senators, but the Senate in fear ran up.
... Great people were surrounded at all times by secret ill-wishers. Julius Caesar, the brilliant military strategist and tactics, went to the power slowly but surely. Having won a victory in battles of civil war, he became the autocratic master of Pax Romana (“The Roman world“).
It was the long period of the world and relative stability of the Roman Empire of a principate era. Together with we Decay Pompeem Caesar tsentralizovyvat management of the republic, reformed the Roman society and the state, it led to power of the Roman Empire subsequently. However he aspired not to the imperial power. Remembering failures of the first seven tsars, Caesar declared himself the lifelong dictator and insisted on that he was called just Caesar.
Caesar broadened the Roman power to northern Atlantic, subordinated to Rome the territory of today`s France, began invasion to the British Isles. Caesar`s activity thoroughly changed the cultural and political image of Western Europe and life of new generations of Europeans in general.
Caesar was a women`s man, the most educated person and the outstanding writer. Its literary works were highly appreciated not only in the ancient time, they are still studied as model compositions. “Notes about Gallic war“ were repeatedly published (Commentarii de bello gallico) of purely political character in seven books in Russia at the end of XIX - the beginning of the 20th century. “Notes about civil war“ (Commentarii de bello civili) in three books reached too up to now. Besides, the dictator wrote lampoons, verses - for example, “the Praise to Hercules“, the tragedy “Oedipus“, the poem “Iter“. The dictator and scientific works wrote: its grammatical treatise “De analogia“ in 2 - x books where the well-known grammatical dispute between analogist and anomalists understands is known.
The glory and legendary Caesar`s authority were so big that influenced even word formation - many years later many monarchic governors seek to associate themselves with it. From his name Gaius Iulius Caesar the German Kaiser (“Kaiser“) and the Russian word “tsar“ were formed.
There live until now Julius Caesar`s phrases which became winged: “On my wife even the suspicion shadow should not fall“, “People willingly believe what they wish to trust to“, “Who convicts others bad manners, itself cannot serve as an example of politeness“, “I would prefer to be the first in the poor town, than the second in Rome“, “Each smith of the destiny“, “Experience to all the teacher“, “Rubicon is passed“, “The power only wins and amplifies when use it moderately“, “Came, saw, won“ …
of Veni, vidi, vici … However be careful of March ides!