Chinkvedea. How the Italian “divine“ sword became the German “city dagger“?
of Chinkvedea - a semi-sword, the semi-dagger which appeared during an era of the Italian Renaissance on a wave of interest of the Italian noblemen - nobelium to antique (Ancient Greek and ancient Roman) culture. You will not mix this weapon with any another.
The Chinkvedea is characterized by very thin handle and very wide triangular blade. At first it was produced more as expensive remake, a remark of antique Ancient Greek short swords for heavy soldiers - a parazoniuma (long) and pugio (short). Purely “for a show off“ to povydelyvatsya before each other. The weapon quickly became part of clothes North - the Italian nobility.
“Chinkueda, or a chinkvedea (from ital. “cinquedea“ - literally “a divine hand“), can be carried both to swords, and to daggers … Chinkued`s has several characteristics which distinguished it from other bladed weapon. Its blade having the wide basis (from where there is its name “five fingers“), is sharply narrowed to an edge. One more characteristic is its big weight“. Source: Wikipedia.
Richly decorated short swords of such peculiar form at first produced as decoration of a full civil dress. Each sword was decorated with the thin handle with bone slips (semi-antique as armorers of Ancient Greece did) and gilded proud (the crossing for protection of a brush). On expensive copies the gold notch covered also part of a blade. On very expensive blades the whole pictures, the benefit blade width were engraved (to 8 cm) allowed. Sometimes very long swords did two-handled, it was very inconvenient to hold a heavy sword for the thin handle.
From - behind this a neudobnost and big weight, demand for such weapon which for incomplete 50 years dispersed across all Italy and the most part of France sharply fell. And then the Italian smithies of the city of Verona where this unique weapon was forged, began to broaden the sphere of the influence not only on rich noblemen, but also on the prosperous dealers and handicraftsmen raising the head. Length of a blade began to be reduced sharply, and not the sword, but a dagger began to remind a chinkvede more. But armorers and dealers in the weapon called it still “sword“ to bid up, a status component. That the rich had everything as, Italian nobelium and the French chevaliers …
were sated and this market, the Italian armorers reduced length of a blade even more and reduced the price. Popular, “untwisted“ though quite heavy and inconvenient, the poor and citizens and robbers for the hidden carrying began to buy the weapon. In hundred years since the beginning of production in the middle of 15 - go centuries length of a blade decreased more than three times.
Such short and simple daggers in production were produced not only across all Italy, but also in France and Belgium, is closer to consumers because after Italy and France the weapon it extended among prosperous citizens of the industrial Belgian and German cities. Carried such short kinzhalchik behind the back that it was possible to snatch out and throw one breakthrough a knife in the opponent. Not to remember the sophisticated Italian name, it was called simply “bull language“ from - for a peculiar form of a blade.
As a status indicator this sword in Italy and France the noble sword still in 16 - m “killed“ a century, and here urban poor dragged heavy, not absolutely convenient, but strong and a frightening look “volovy language“ still very long. There are data that as means of self-defense this peculiar dagger was used by residents of the German cities before 19 - go centuries.
And one more historical information: “volovy language“ was never the military weapon. Carried only its civilian population. But but … from kings to tramps.