What there is beauty of the Japanese sword of? Raskladyvem not displayed...
So of what there is an esthetic pleasure taken at the sight of the Japanese sword?
1. FabulosityWell is not present
in the world of the cold weapon fanned by such quantity of legends, mystical stories, regulations written and unwritten any more. From a legend of divine gift of the goddess Amaterasu to the first Japanese emperor (the sword was one of gifts) to the American instructions of times of World War II not to be covered from blow with a sword a rifle because the Japanese sword chops a rifle M1 trunk - Garand. The Japanese sword not for nothing call “live“, the weapon with the soul, the character. The world popularity of the Japanese sword which came after flow of the Japanese swords to the USA after World War II was even more warmed up by the Hollywood fighters about Samurais, soldiers - the ninjia etc. of
2. Traditional character
Today in Japan only about 300 smiths have the right to forge the Japanese sword. These smiths still treat the business with professional and ceremonial gravity. Forging of a sword was and remains more religious ceremony, than production today. Without having exact devices for measurement of temperatures, pressure etc., the sword was just forged from the best metal, putting it in 15 000 layers and more, and tempered “in water of February temperature when heating an edge to color of the evening June moon“. Sell traditional fighting swords in Japan not to anyone too. The seller can refuse sale of goods, without explaining the reasons though to buy a sword of the same quality in any other country of the world does not represent work. But here the Japanese companions observe “purity of hands“ into which such perfect weapon as the Japanese sword falls.
Against the opponent chained in a traditional Japanese armor from leather “scales“, the Japanese sword was just ideal weapon for near fight. Used a sword as a board, striking aside blows of other weapon and even the arrows fired from long distance … In order that the sword was turned to the opponent by the ground party, on the handle the special metal plaque (menuk) is made. If under a middle finger the soldier did not feel this metal “klyopka“, so the sword was turned not by that party.
4. The Statusnost
After at the beginning of 17 - go centuries the shogun Tokugawa an iron hand suppressed dissent, for it it gave to Samurais such privileges that even the emperor was force only nominal in those days. And Samurais - the real force. The rights of “the person with a sword“ were that that the look of disapproval even equal according to the status could be the cause of duel. And for the killed peasant often appointed only a small penalty. In these conditions of people with a sword in the opinion of the peasantry, dealers and citizens was something like a deity. After Tokugawa`s era when internal wars strongly ceased, and the huge number of the wandering Samurais was replaced by naginata, a spear and onions only on swords, a statusnost of a sword jumped up almost to heaven! The sword became part of casual clothes of military estate. For this reason during withdrawal pains of traditional foundations during an industrial era of Meiji (the period in the history of Japan from October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912) the Samurai first of all lost a sword, further its “re-education“ went already like clockwork.
5. A blade - the main decoration of the Japanese swordIs not present
, there are ceremonial swords with richly decorated sheath and handles, but, as a rule, the blade at them from a simple piece of iron, and the cost of the real Japanese sword is the cost of a blade. All the rest so, “peel“. The sword shaped on traditional technology is made as if of a piece of crystal, at correctly put lighting it as if shines from within! The main thing what pay attention, lack of cracks and other defects to. Also the line of training (jamon), drawing is estimated on became (hut), compliance of a blade to classical proportions and a set of small nuances.
6. The Tsuba (Gardo, protection for hands)
Replaceable metal “plaque“ which became a subject of a collecting and special forge art over time. On tsuba of the Japanese swords it is possible to see practically all Japanese classical plots, they are done also by professional smiths, and stamp by industrial methods. By the way, it is unprofitable for exchange to collect tsuba much, than swords. The classical tsuba always has openings for a kosuga (a small economic knife from soft metal) and kogatana (a big wooden spoke for removal of a traditional Japanese armor), the main companions of the Samurai on his hard course of life.
7. A sheath
the Sheath of a sword acted not only a case for carrying, but sometimes as both a board, and the real weapon. They were done of a strong tree (sometimes a sheath it was necessary to strike aside blow of an enemy sword), covered with a special waterproof varnish, all - climate in Japan rather damp. The sword was inserted into a sheath as the ground-in stopper in a bottle, without allowing humidity to get inside therefore to translate a sword from a marching state in fighting, he literally on millimeter moved from a sheath a thumb of the left hand. For this reason clanking tsuby about a sheath in a peace time was regarded as a call on a duel.
The real Japanese sword is beautiful and at the same time modest. Anything superfluous. A blade, the handle, Gardo (protection for hands), a leather or silk braid for the handle, a sheath and a thong for a garter on a belt. In marching option also the kosug mentioned above and a kogatan were added. In total! Not incidentally Japanese sword lived if not in original state up to now, then precisely any addition or decrease will spoil this ingenious beauty.
As they say, neither to add, nor to lower... Perfection!