How it is correct to plant a gladiolus and to receive fine blossoming? The name “gladiolus“ the flower received
from Latin “gladius“ - a sword, for the xiphoidal leaves reaching in height of 80 cm
Where its homeland?
Southern and Central Europe, Central Asia.
In the CIS countries Tobol, in the south meets in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, in Kazakhstan in riverheads of
of the European part of Russia.
In South Africa he can often be met in dry thickets of bushes.
In the Equatorial Africa - in mountainous areas at the height from 600 to 3300 m above sea level. One look - G. nivei - with small yellow flowers in the distribution in general reaches glaciers.
In the Central Africa the area of a gladiolus passes in a type of a narrow strip on the coast of the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
In a wild look gladioluses grow in valleys of the rivers, in gorges, on water meadows, in mountains on subalpine meadows.
G. palustris grows in Belarus on marshy meadows.
It is possible to tell that this flower can be met everywhere.
Garden forms, naturally, differ from wild.
“ The domestication“ of wild types began in the 14th century. Now, 6 centuries later, thousands of various hybrids are removed.
A variety of coloring of flowers the gladiolus can compete with tulips. Has in the scale all colors from white to it is black - red and violet. There are both green, and smoky colourings. There is no only purely blue and blue color.
Hybrid gladioluses differ from each other in the sizes of inflorescences, a form and size of flowers, terms of blossoming and its duration, height of plants.
Terms of blossoming depend on a climatic zone and on weather in the summer.
Is grades with the early, average and late term of blossoming. The number of days from landing and before blossoming makes: for early - about 85; for averages - about 100; for late - 120 - 130 days. At average and late grades higher and strong tsvetonosa, larger flowers.
gladioluses are divided By the flower size on melkotsvetkovy, so-so - krupnotsvetkovy and huge. But huge somehow did not come across to me.
Besides the sizes, flowers have also a different goffering of petals - from silnogofrirovanny, to not corrugated. The goffering can be different degree - from slightly wavy, to strongly corrugated.
Bulbous tubers and children can have different coloring. Bulbous tuber life term, depending on a grade, makes 4 - 6 years. After 6 - summer age it becomes “old“ and cannot give the child. Therefore, upon purchase it is necessary to pay attention to its size. It is considered the best highly raised,
with a diameter from 2 to 4 cm about landing and leaving during vegetation Now.
Landing. are cleared by
Before landing of a bulbous tuber of scales. If there are insignificant damages, then sore points can be cut out and filled in with strong solution of potassium permanganate, to cover with iodine or brilliant green.
Before landing them needs to be disinfected within 1 - 2 hours in light-pink solution of potassium permanganate.
A day before landing of a bulb it is possible to wet in Epina solution (1 ml on 2 liters of water). It will give increase in the sizes of flowers and mass of bulbous tubers, acceleration of growth and will accelerate blossoming for 2 weeks.
The most pleasant grades can be multiplied by division of large bulbs into 2 - 3 parts so that on each allotment there were 2 - 3 kidneys. Cuts are powdered with pounded or absorbent carbon and 4 - 5 hours are dried. By the way, divided bulbs form more children.
The small bulbs having a rigid cover before landing need to be wetted too. The cover inflates, amicable and earlier germination thereby is provided.
It is possible to use a preseeding prorashchivaniye klubnepochek. It becomes in 7 - 10 days prior to landing. We mix them with sand (1:1), we humidify with weak solution of potassium permanganate. We contain at a temperature of 20*C in a damp state.
It is better to make landing in furrows. Large bulbs put on easy soils on depth up to 15 cm, on heavy - to 10 cm. However, too small (5 - 6 cm) are not recommended to be put. Plants from a body weight will overturn, being turned out from the earth together with bulbs. The distance between ranks has to be not less than 30 cm
gladioluses on the place which is well lit, protected from winds Are planted. In a shadow srednepozdny and late grades can not form tsvetonos at all.
the Site under landing prepares since fall. The soil is dug over on depth of 30 - 40 cm, humus is added. Sand is added to the clay soil. for them reckon as the Best soils as
easy loamy and sandy, with subacidic or neutral reaction.
When landing it is impossible to bring fresh manure, t. to it provokes development of mushroom diseases, quality of bulbs in a storage time worsens and promotes formation of a large number of leaves to the detriment of blossoming.
On one place it is possible to grow up a gladiolus no more than 2 - x years. On 3 - y year flowers begin to hurt.
During vegetation it is obligatory to apply to ensuring the best blossoming, development and maturing of bulbous tubers liquid top dressing.
First - at emergence of 3 - 4 leaves. On 10 liters of water - 25 - 30 gr urea + 10 gr superphosphate +10 - 15gr potash saltpeter.
Second - in a phase 5 - 6 leaves. On 10 liters of water - 10 gr nitrogen +10 gr superphosphate +10 - 15 of potash saltpeter.
the Third top dressing is carried out to the butonization period. On 10 liters of water - 40 gr superphosphate +40 gr potash saltpeter.
In the second half of August of top dressing stop.
are very useful To the flowers growing on easy sandy soils extra root top dressing (spraying on leaves).
During the hot period of a plant it is better to water once a week, but it is very plentiful. At a steady heat (higher than 21*C) there is a danger of an overheat of the soil. That it did not occur, gladioluses need to be watered every day in the evening.
And that it is necessary to loosen the earth after waterings and to fight against weeds, even you should not speak.