Rus Articles Journal

The worker without work or How to rise on labor exchange of

can Be left without work everyone. You learn from article that to tell the former colleague about an employment service: what order of registration as the unemployed and what he can count on.

After dismissal life does not come to an end. It is just new stage of the biography. Everyone chooses: to worry about the incident, to devote itself to a family or to look for new work. Perhaps, someone will go to labor exchange. The accountant of settlement part can prompt how to work.

Than the labor exchange will help

With mediation of an employment service to citizens assistance in selection of suitable work and employment is guaranteed (item 1 of Art. 12 of the Act of the Russian Federation from 19. 04. 91 No. 1032 - 1 “About employment of the population in the Russian Federation“, further - the Law No. 1032 - 1). These services are provided free of charge.

The help business …
In an employment service can be helped with the following questions (subitem 8 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 - 1 Law No. 1032 - 1):

vocational guidance for the choice of a field of activity;
to vocational training, retraining and professional development;
search of suitable work;
participation in the paid public works during search of suitable work;
registration as the individual entrepreneur;
moving to other district for employment.

… and ruble
Social payments to the unemployed . The unemployed can count on receiving the following social payments:

doles (subitem 1 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 Law No. 1032 - 1), including during participation in the public works paid by the employer (item 3 of Art. 24 of the Law No. 1032 - 1), and in the period of temporary disability;
an additional grant to the citizens who were affected by radiation (item 4 of Art. 30 of the Law No. 1032 - 1);
grants during vocational training, retraining and professional development in the direction of bodies of an employment service (subitem 2 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 Law No. 1032 - 1) and in the period of temporary disability (item 1 of Art. 28 of the Law No. 1032 - 1);
financial support in connection with the expiration of the period of payment of a dole (subitem 3 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 and item of 1 St. 36 Laws No. 1032 - 1);
financial support during vocational training, retraining and professional development in the direction of an employment service (subitem 4 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 and item 1 of Art. 36 of the Law No. 1032 - 1);
the pension granted according to the offer of an employment service for the period before the age granting the right for establishment of the work old-age pension including which is ahead of schedule granted to pension (to subitem 5 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 Law No. 1032 - 1);
a lump sum at resettlement to other district (subitem 3 of item 3 of Art. 22. 1 Law No. 1032 - 11).

the unemployed Expenses at the expense of the state . Except direct payments, the employment service can compensate some expenses of the unemployed:

on registration of the citizen as the individual entrepreneur (subitem 8 of item 1 of Art. 7. 1 - 1 Law No. 1032 - 1);
on carrying out medical examination at the direction bodies of an employment service on a vocational education (item 2 of Art. 12 of the Law No. 1032 - 1);
fare to the place of work and back, daily expenses for travel time, expenses on hiring of premises when moving to other district for employment (subitem 1-3 of item 2 of Art. 22. 1 Law No. 1032 - 1);
fare and transportation of property of the jobless citizen and members of his family to the new residence at resettlement to other district for employment, and also daily expenses during their following (subitems 1 and 2 of item 3 of Art. 22. 1 Law No. 1032 - 1);
fare to the place of training and back, daily expenses for travel time, expenses on hiring of premises for training (paragraph 2 of item 2 of Art. 23 of the Law No. 1032 - 1).

the Pension prospect
the Period of receiving a dole joins in the insurance experience granting the right for superannuation (subitem 4 of item 1 of Art. 11 of the Federal law from 17. 12. 2001 No. 173 - Federal Law, Definition of the Moscow city court from 20. 05. 2011 No. 33 - 12528). For receiving a dole by the insurer for the citizen there is an employment service (paragraph 3 of Art. 1 of the Federal law from 01. 04. The 96th No. 27 - Federal Law “About the Individual (Personified) Account in System of Mandatory Pension Insurance“).

If independently to look for work, without rising on the exchange, time of searches will not be included in a pension experience. The accountant can also notify the former worker on it.

Pay attention: on a dole insurance premiums are not assessed (item 1 p.1 Art. 9 of the Federal law from 24. 07. 2009 No. 212 - Federal Law).

The sick-list for the unemployed If the unemployed gets sick with
, he has the right to receive the sick-list (paragraph 12 of item 1 of the Order of delivery of leaves of disability approved by the order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation from 29. 06. 2011 No. 624n). However, temporary disability benefit to it will not be paid as he is not the insured person (p.1 Art. 2 of the Federal law from 29. 12. 2006 No. 255 - Federal Law). But in the period of documentary confirmed temporary disability he will go on the dole (item 1 of Art. 28 of the Law No. 1032 - 1).

A dole All listed preferences to the unemployed are called

possible. The decision on purpose of payment or payment of expenses is accepted in each case and depends on concrete circumstances. Further we will consider in what cases the dole is granted and what its size depends on. Let`s notice, in 2012 the minimum size of a dole - 850 rub a month, and maximum - 4900 rub without regional coefficients (the resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation from 03. 11. 2011 No. 888).

Conditions and a procedure of payments of a dole - 1 grant count
According to paragraph 1 of article 30 of the Law No. 1032 proceeding from the average earnings estimated for the last three months in the last place of work. How to define it, read in article “An average salary: one more way of calculation“.

An additional condition is existence within 12 months preceding the beginning of unemployment, paid work not less than 26 weeks on the terms of full employment or part-time (with recalculation for 26 weeks with full employment).

An example

When the size of a grant decreases to minimum
the Dole pay in the minimum size taking into account regional coefficient in those districts where it is applied, in the following cases (paragraph 1 of item 2 of Art. 30, item 1 of Art. 34 of the Law No. 1032 - 1):

the citizen did not work a long time (more than 12 months);
within 12 months preceding the beginning of unemployment had no paid work of more than 26 weeks;
the dismissal basis - violation of labor discipline or other guilty actions. In this situation payment of a grant can be suspended for a period of up to three months (item 3 of Art. 35 of the Law No. 1032 - 1). whether

the Size of a grant depends on duration of job search

the personal income tax dole Is assessed?
the Dole and other payments made by an employment service (for example, journey payment) do not tax on the income of natural persons (item 1 of Art. 217 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation). Confirm it and officials (letters of FNS of Russia from 06. 04. 2011 No. KE - 4 - 3/5392@ and the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation from 13. 01. 2012 No. 03 - 04 - 06/8 - 4).

When the grant ceases to be paid
do not pay the Dole (item 4 of Art. 35 of the Law No. 1032 - 1):

during a maternity leave;
at departure of the unemployed from the place of full-time residence for training;
at the unemployed appeal on military collecting, with execution of the state duties. These periods do not set off

during the general period of payment of a grant and prolong it.

If the former worker is ready to receive the status of the unemployed

to receive the status of the unemployed, it is not enough to leave from the former place of work. It is necessary to be registered in an employment service.


First of all the former worker has to understand a place of registration that he will be able to be registered in jobcenter only at a permanent address (to item 3 of the Order approved by the order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation from 30. 09. 2010 No. 847n, further - the Order No. 847n). So, if the citizen is registered in Sochi, and lived, worked and was dismissed in Anapa, he can be registered in jobcenter of Sochi.

What documents are necessary
At the first visit of jobcenter needs to fill in the application form - the questionnaire about providing to the citizen of the state service of assistance in search of suitable work. Also inspectors will ask to bring certain documents. Their list is established in point 3 of the Order No. 847n. Here it:

the passport (replacing it the document);
diploma or other documents on education (certificates, certificates etc.) ;
the service record, the military ID (or an extract from orders of the Ministry of Defence), grazhdansko - legal instruments on performance of work, rendering services. These documents contain data on the previous experience;
the certificate of average earnings from the last place of work. Behind it the former employee has to address to accounts department of the enterprise (it is told about rules of its filling in the article “We Fill in the Reference for an Employment Service“);
the individual program of rehabilitation containing recommendations of contraindicated and available conditions and types of work. Disabled people have to submit this document. The form of the program is approved by the order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation from 04. 08. 2008 No. 379n. by

the Decision on recognition jobless
In case within 10 days to the registered citizen did not pick up suitable work, the employment service will make the decision on recognition of the former worker by the unemployed. On it not less than 11 days from the date of submission of necessary documents (item 3 of the Order No. 847n) are allotted.

Whom do not recognize jobless
According to point 4 of the Order No. 847n the unemployed citizens cannot be recognized:

not reached 16 - summer age;
pensioners on an old age or on a length of service (including at early award of pension). As soon as the citizen will be granted pension, it will be struck off the registration register as the unemployed;
the employment services which refused within 10 days from the date of registration in public institutions for search of suitable work from two options of suitable work, including works of a temporality;
not been without valid excuse within 10 days from the date of registration for labor exchange for consideration of offers;
not been in time, established for registration as the unemployed;
convicts by a court decision to corrective works, imprisonment;
the submitted documents containing obviously false data;
the citizens occupied with labor (other) activity specified in article 2 of the Law No. 1032 - 1.

Regional preferences

Besides a grant from the federal budget, local authorities have the right to provide to the unemployed additional payments and privileges.

In Moscow, for example, pay extra to the unemployed 850 rub for the entire period of payment of a dole. Also compensate them costs of journey by city public transport. Compensation makes a half of cost of the monthly monthly ticket (item 1 of Art. 13 of the Law of Moscow from 01. 10. 2008 No. 46 “About employment of the population in the city of Moscow“, item 2. 1, 3. 1 and 3. 2 resolutions of the government of Moscow from 27. 01. 2009 No. 47 - software).