Where it is possible to learn about how there lived Veps earlier? Sheltozero of
If to go from Petrozavodsk on Vologda on the shortest (but not the best!) to the road through Voznesenye, Vytegra, Kirillov, in 84 km on Hugo - the East from the Karelian capital lies small, ancient, known since 1543, the village of Sheltozero. And on the entrance to it, at the left, on a small hillock there is amazing beauty a two-storeyed wooden house.
It is evident at once. And to pass by it, without having stopped, probably, it is impossible. Here and I - could not. Curtailed from the route, drove on a hillock and parked the car nearby.
But about this amazing house, by the way, having a proper name - the house Melkinykh, as well as about volume interesting the Finn - the Ugrian people - Veps that live in Sheltozero and the villages lying near it - Shokshe, Rybreke, Vekhruchye as - nibud another time. And today, that indoors. About the Veps ethnographic museum.
I did not keep. Not only stopped, but also came. And I offer you. Well, we come?
At first - in a shade - the platform. And already from them, having opened an entrance door, - directly on kitchen . To that room where the most part of day in the female efforts and affairs was spent by the hostess at home.
The first that is evident at once as you cross a threshold, - the sophisticated heattechnical device without which any house could not do earlier. Yes, I - about furnace . Here it which is purely bleached the beauty. The faithful assistant to the hostess occupying considerable part of kitchen, the wet nurse, a poilitsa and an obogrevatelnitsa of all house. On a floor, to the right of the mouth of the furnace - a metal container with lid in which there was a charcoal from the burned-through firewood that was what in the summer to kindle a samovar. On a pripechka, near a kettle, slightly more to the left of it and is closer to us - a hook on which this kettle in the furnace and was hung up. In niches of a lateral surface of the furnace - different necessary things in economy. For example, irons. On furnace top, with edge of a stove bench - wooden capacity for beating of oil and a verticil by which it was also shaken up.
Under a towel to the right of an entrance - a washstand . And not idle time! And quite original - with two noses. Country families were patriarchal, big, here therefore to accelerate washing process, and attached to a washstand two noses at once. A trifle, and already two at the same time can wash. Of course, it would be possible to stick also the third nose, but then it is already a crush, but not washing will be.
A trellised design to the left of an entrance door in a log hut, directly opposite to a lateral wall of the furnace with niches (under irons) - for winter keeping of poultry . Winters in Prionezhye frosty therefore in a cold shed of a chicken not only do not rush, but also easily can freeze. And in heat the house and the feathery living creatures are whole, and eggs, let and not in such quantity as in a warm season, diversify a simple country table.
In the foreground of “roof“ of a mobile winter hen house (for the summer this simple design cleaned up on the second floor of economic part of a log hut - till next winter) - a wooden podoynik with a nose that it was more convenient to spill after milking milk on smaller capacities. Korchagam, for example.
By the way, having got on kitchen, at once it is possible to define that you are in Veps, but not in the Russian log hut since in the first, unlike the second, the table is not in a forward corner, and at a front wall.
But, probably, it is already possible to get over from kitchen in premises .
In it the central place - to the left of an entrance - occupies the weaving loom (Krosno). It is well visible that its basis in this case is made not of the only, integral piece of wood (radical part of a fir-tree), and it is made of several separate details. Also it is called Krosno - compound. Near it - svetets with clamped in is mute a splinter that - autumn and winter time, both the linen thread, and the gathered pattern were more visible to the woman working behind the weaving loom in not the most solar. At the svetets - a small backet. Now it is empty. But when the woman worked behind the machine and in svetets the splinter was inserted, in a backet water was surely poured. The house - that wooden. So rules of fire safety cannot be neglected in any way. Therefore pieces of coal of the burning splinter should not fall to a floor. And here in the water poured in a backet - please.
Slightly away from Krosno, on the long ochep attached to a log hut ceiling - a cradle from a bast. On it - color print bed curtains, in it - a pacifier from a cow horn. To a nipple, unfortunately, in the photo it is not visible … to
what it is possible to pay attention in premises to? First of all, probably, on what unlike economic part of the house where internal walls not of an otesana, in inhabited - they are cut smoothly off and by that is a little reminded by stone city chambers.
Red curtains at windows - a peculiar charm. On beliefs of Veps, this color has to frighten off evil spirits. Respectively, the bride in white has from them no protection therefore presence at the sorcerer`s wedding as peculiar defender - it is obligatory!
Generally, the hristianization of Veps has even earlier roots, than, for example, at their traditional neighbors - Karelians, but despite the strengthened introduction of Orthodoxy by the state and its official structures, among Veps it got accustomed extremely reluctantly and often had purely formal character. In most part Veps were and even remain pagans now, worshipping the Spirits of water, the wood, a stone, fire. Therefore and today coming into the wood, the Veps will leave on the first to hemp a small gift to its Spirit - a bread piece, cookies, gingerbread or caramel, and coming back home before coming out of the wood, does not forget to share a little bit of what that allowed to collect this time (or to get) in its possession with Spirit. And it - now. What to talk business last. It is not surprising at all that Veps could never forget to invite to the priest`s wedding, but here the sorcerer -!
And now, probably, time from inhabited part of a log hut to get over in economic came .
It is possible to make it of an outer entrance hall with which economic constructions are reported by the covered transition. It is, by the way, one of features of northern houses in which inhabited and economic parts always were under the same roof, providing thus a full autonomy of economy. To feed - it is necessary to give to drink cattle every day. And suddenly will sweep up in the winter? Yes for several days. How then to reach pets? Any problems! All of them right there, in the same house, only in other its part. Economic. Not so small by the sizes. Too two-storeyed.
On the first floor - the economic yard and a little (in the house Melkinykh - three) stall rooms. The second floor is allocated under a mow and a shed in which it is stored as the stock which is not used during this period of time (for example, a wooden plow), and what can be required from time to time - millstones, a horse harness, etc.
About what is represented today in a collection of the museum, can be told long. But it is better - to see once. So if suddenly you will get to Karelia … In only 84 kilometers from Petrozavodsk. An hour and a half ways - a maximum. Stop by in the small ancient Veps village. Directly on entrance to it, at the left - the Veps ethnographic museum in the house Melkinykh. In which all - vsamdelishny and real. Including furnace. And if to you carries, you can not only listen and look, but also try the well-known Veps gates. The freshest. With a heat, about a heat.