What the hollyhock is?
Which of flower growers does not know family of malvovy? In it there are a lot of childbirth and to 260 types. Bright and large flowers of plants are pleasing to the eye from July to fall. In the summer we are impressed by violent blossoming, and in the fall sites decorate the high candles covered with large flowers.
The family includes both one-year, and long-term versions. Newcomers from different continents, they strongly located in our gardens. It is difficult to imagine a site without them.
Many flower growers are sure that on their sites the hollyhock grows. However under this name many different representatives of family malvovy disappear and on sites it is grown up, generally a rod - a rose, a lavater.
So in what their distinctions?
the Hollyhock (mallow)
In the people has many names - imperial curls, a mallow, kalachik, a grudnishnik, an ugly face curly, altar breads, proskurnyak forest, a gorodovina, a skulochnik, shlyas, distribute - a potion, a hollyhock forest, a hollyhock musky. Here how many names! In the different district it was called differently, and an essence one.
The moderate zone of the European part of the Caucasus, Asia is considered the homeland.
Externally also the rod - roses differs in rassechenny leaves and vyemchaty petals of a flower from lavater. One - or a two-year plant, up to 1 meter high with an upright branched stalk. Radical leaves ovally - heart-shaped, on long scapes. At stem leaves scapes short, leaves peristo - rassechenny . Flowers from 1 to 3 pieces settle down in bosoms of leaves. Petals of flowers up to 3 cm long, at the edges vyemchaty, pink, with dark streaks. Root system mochkovaty.
The flower is called “mallow“ from - for forms of fruits. Ancient Russia compared them to a communion bread - the church small loaf put from several parts to which Christians made a communion ceremony.
the Most popular representative in family of malvovy. In the people has several names - an alteyny grass, an alteyny root, kalachik, prosvirnyak, etc.
the Perennial plant; in gardens it is grown up as two-year-old. Up to 1,5 meters high with a short, fleshy, slabovetvisty, smooth root of brownish color. Leaves it is gray - green, ovoid or heart-shaped, on edge gear, to the touch a little velvety. Flowers faintly - pink color, with five petals. Are located on a top of stalks, in bosoms of leaves. Such arrangement creates an image of an ear. Blossoms from June to September. Lavater`s (hatm)
Quite widespread plant on sites. It is widespread in Asia, the Mediterranean, North America, Australia. Annual, two-year and perennial grassy plants, seldom bushes. Powerful, branchy, with upright stalks, from 1 to 2 meters high. Leaves are bladed, similar to maple leaves, to the touch velvety. Flowers large white, pink, purple, seldom yellow color. Form kolosovidny inflorescences at stalk top.
Are the most known a lavater three-months (a garden rose) and a lavater Thuringian (a dog rose).
Lavatera three-months is the odnoletnik blossoming from July to fall. The lower leaves at it heart-shaped with gear edge, and top - three - five-bladed.
Lavatera Thuringian - a perennial plant. Can reach height of 2 meters. Flowers can grow to 10 cm in the diameter. The lower leaves bladed, top - tselnokrayny. The long-term lavatera is more whimsical, than one-year.
the Rod - a rose
of Two - or a perennial plant. On sites it is grown up, generally as two-year-old. Has a long rod root. Height of stalks can reach 2 - 2,5 meters. Demand a support. Leaves are roundish, 3 - 5 bladed. Flowers large, form kolosovidny inflorescences. Blossoming continues since June - July to the frosts. Breeds seeds. Flowers can be simple, semi-terry, terry.
Mine a rod - roses, having reached height of 2,5 meters and having formed many additional stalks, at drop flaws from a body weight, being turned out from the earth together with roots. Just sticks were not suitable them for a support. The shtaketnik was necessary to use, 3 - 4 pieces on a bush and to hold plants on peculiar extensions. This feature it is always necessary to consider and put them in the place protected from wind. Sidaltsey`s
the Rare guest on our sites. A sort from North America. Perennial. The Kornevishchny plant with an upright stalk reaching in height of 1 - 2 meter. Leaves palchato - separate, with long scapes. Flowers of pink color; form a kolosovidny inflorescence on a stalk top. Blossoms since the end of July till September.
I think, dealt with family of malvovy. in principle, they differ from each other a little.
Cultivation conditions and leaving at them identical. All of them are photophilous, drought-resistant, unpretentious. To the soil are not exacting, but better nevertheless grow in friable, not sour and not really rich . Blossoming in such soil will be more plentiful and intensive. On the contrary, in well fertilized soil malvovy will give growth in height, huge leaves and small quantity of flowers.
The main feature of all these plants - absolute intolerance of a close arrangement of ground waters. In this case their roots turn into “kissel“.
Reproduction. Plants of family malvovy, generally grow up as biennials. In the spring seeds are sowed in holes or grooves on depth of 3 cm. Seeds are rather large. I grow up seedling in hotbeds. Before emergence of shoots hotbeds are covered with a film or frames. Seeds sprout in 2 weeks. After a podrashchivaniye seedlings change to the constant place on distance of 30 - 40 cm from each other.
Considering their dislike for excess of moisture, the place is chosen above, with a good drainage. During the long hot period of a plant need plentiful and regular watering. If the soil very poor, then it is possible to feed up 1 time in 1 - 2 month them nitrogen fertilizers (a feltwort, ammonium nitrate, urea).
This handsome grows very quickly and to the second half of July reaches the maximum sizes.
Diseases and wreckers. on them never saw Wreckers. And from diseases can be surprised a rust or mealy dew from - for stays in the hot damp environment.
Against mealy dew it is possible to use the preparations containing sulfur.
At defeat the rust on the lower party of leaves forms yellow or brown spots. If at this illness processing by the corresponding fungicides did not help, it is necessary to destroy all plant. And on this place several years it is not necessary to put malvovy.
All kinds of family malvovy effectively look in flower beds in the neighbourhood with plants with violet and blue flowers, for example, delphiniums, verbenas. Not bad also look with irises, roses.
Besides the decorative purposes, the hollyhock (mallow) can be used in traditional medicine.
Here it what, different, hollyhock! Both smart flower, and national doctor.