“Female“ literature: who and about what?
Literature long since was considered as business especially man`s. By result “mind of cold supervision and heart of sad it is rumpled“. “The poet in Russia - is more, than the poet, - E. Yevtushenko noted, - in it it is only fated to be born poets that in whom the strict spirit of nationality wanders, the lump - does not have a cosiness, there is no rest“.
The woman, the keeper of a cosiness, rest, a home, therefore, by definition, nothing worthy can create. Well I remember words of the teacher of literature: “Marina Tsvetaeva is not a poetess - the poet“.
In the word “poet“ - energy of reason and inspiration. Affected “poetess“ raises at us an indulgent smile. The poetess the - the spoiled, excited being, from nothing to do scribbling rhymes. Its elements - love, dresses and the fabricated problems. Above - not to rise.
After falling of the Iron Curtain to Russia and to the CIS countries a powerful stream series and so-called “ladies` novels“ rushed. Barbara Kartlend was the brightest representative of the “ladies`“ direction . In the numerous works she, in fact, operated the same plot: tale of the Cinderella. Stories could be different, but the main components remained firm: the unfortunate girl getting into scrape, the prince charming (the count, the duke) having unlimited financial opportunities plus the description of dresses, plus sexual experiences, plus the dots in remarks designating the voice which is interrupted for nervousness.
Ladies` novels very quickly found the readers, is more right than readers. Disorder of habitual ideas of what is good that is bad, painful concern on with what tomorrow to feed children, feeling the uselessness, uncertainty in tomorrow, need to adapt to new living conditions - to survive at any cost, all this simply threw the Soviet women in embraces of literary foreign ladies insolvency of the men who lost habitual work and consequently. To stay a couple of hours in other reality, to appear in beautiful life where problems - yes to me your problems! - decide in itself.
Generally, the level of ladies` novels is the level of the girl - the teenager, dreaming of the prince charming. But in each unsatisfied woman there lives a girl who so would like to fall asleep thick and ugly, and to wake up - the thin beauty. The avalanche of ladies` foreign novels gushed - and gradually came to naught, having given way to domestic “female“ prose.
Here about it - that would also be desirable to talk...
Why such literature is so popular now? In what its feature? Which of writers has the leading role in the book market?
Whether it is necessary to speak about it? It is necessary because the choice of reading shows the general tendencies of development of society.
The first writer who subdued Russian-speaking reader`s the market was Alexander Marinin`s . Her main character, Anastasia Kamenskaya, the criminalist - the analyst passing from the novel into the novel differs from heroines of the ladies` novel markedly.
First of all she is not “woman“ in sacramental concept of this word. What there dresses, fatal passions, sexual joys! “It has in the head a computer“, - employees say about it. Analyzing the facts, putting forward and checking versions, Anastasia solves crimes, and it - for her the main thing. To it it is much more important problems which shake law-enforcement bodies, than own private life.
A. Marinina is a talented writer, and an image of her heroine not the naked scheme. “Any“ Anastasia can become the stunning beauty if it is necessary for business, but to her it is uninteresting. She prefers convenient clothes and cannot work without coffee. She is a professional. Romana A. Marinina - detectives in a genre form, but for the reader the main thing - not the one who commits murder main become realities of life. Its novels - an image of time in which all of us should live.
In books of Polina Dashkova , the shrewd psychologist, we will also not find specifics of the female novel. The analysis of motives which force her heroes to act this way, but not differently, exact psychological characteristics is ruthless. Decency which they managed to keep, despite unscrupulousness of people around, on ruthlessness of life on disgraceful conditions of game becomes criterion for evaluation of heroes.
At Tatyana Polyakova much more female view of what occurs. One of its novels and is called: “I - your troubles“. As a rule, her heroines do not wish to remain in any way as a near sexual toy which to them is imposed by men. They are incidentally or not casually got involved in cruel man`s games, to the right and on the left use the appeal, destroying the conceived combinations. In the criminal world they feel rather surely, adapting to circumstances, or changing them in own favor. They are rather unscrupulous to play the game, without asking a question of ethics of own acts or acts of beloveds. The value of the person is measured by as far as this person is good in relation to it, to the heroine.
Ironical intonation characteristic of T. Polyakova`s style, softens frank unscrupulousness of her heroines. The reader surely asks a question: “And what I would do on its place?“
is perfect in other key creativity of Tatyana Ustinova is organized . As a matter of fact, it is female novel in classical understanding. It is obligatory hepp - and. All its novels are novels about the Cinderellas who as the fates decree faced realities of the cruel world. However their problems are solved not due to their resourcefulness or intrigues, and owing to the fact that life pushes together them with other half of orange - the person whose problems they are ready to divide.
T. Ustinova`s novels are tales of the new Russians who achieved success, but for the time being did not find the real happiness. Having become owners of life, they will - bondage are isolated from the usual world where there live wonderful women, talented and clever, but too proud to do career in “any“ ways. And only in an emergency situation there is possible their collision with the man of other social category.
U T. Ustinova is absent the main character passing from the novel into the novel. Each plot - a page in the history of life of one woman and one man. But her heroes exist as if in the general space: or someone from them together works, or are on friendly terms - anyway, on pages of the new novel we meet familiar names.