How to grow up “A Christmas rose“? Welcome
, one of the best early-flowering plants is the hellebore. The name - “A Christmas rose“, “Roza of Christ“ - he received for ability to blossom among winter, during thaw. And the name “gelleborus“ came from the Greek words “elao“ (to kill) also “bora“ (meat) that speaks about its rather strong virulence. So at a meeting with its charming flowers you should not forget also about it.
He is obliged by the Russian name “ hellebore “ to the academician P. S. Pallas who, surveying flora of Russia at the end of the 18th century, was struck with endurance of this plant beginning to blossom during frosts.
In different climatic zones the hellebore blossoms at different times. In warm climate - in the winter; in a midland - at the very beginning of spring. Thanks to this ability the hellebore was since ancient times allocated with miracle properties.
In the Middle Ages was considered that it protects from evil spirits and evil spirit. People put it at house doors.
By the German tradition, it was given for Christmas in bouquets or directly in pots.
In Europe knew about a hellebore at the time of the Roman Empire. The ancient Aesculapian Avicenna treated him many diseases. And still the hellebore is considered as a grass of sorcerers, psychics, sorcerers.
The hellebore homeland - the central, Eastern, Southern Europe, the Mediterranean, the western Asia where he perfectly feels on edges of the listopadny woods, in thickets of bushes, on forest glades. Gives special preference to the semi-shaded places among bushes and trees. The fan of the soil damp, well trained, rich with sheet humus.
The sort includes about 20 types. Treats evergreen frost-resistant perennials from family of lyutikovy.
Flowers have different coloring - white, yellow, violet, purple, greenish, cream, pink, claret and almost black. Besides, on petals there can be strokes or a contrast spot in the middle.
At young age leaves upright; “having grown old“, they lay down on the earth almost horizontally, opening at the same time the middle of a flower. Flowers with a diameter of 4 - 10 cm, can maintain temperature to - 6 degrees. Height of a hellebore can be from 30 to 80 cm depending on a look.
It is necessary to plant a plant to the shaded place protected from wind. On the solar place it feels uncomfortablly and badly grows. Prefers rich with humus, moderately damp, alkaline soil. At a lack of lime the plant can ache with fungal diseases which are shown in the form of black spots on leaves. Does not transfer stagnation and excess of moisture. An important point for good growth is existence of a sheet laying.
After blossoming flowers of a hellebore dry, forming seed chambers. In July chambers burst, seeds get enough sleep on the earth, forming self-sowing.
It is possible to try to multiply a plant seeds. Fresh-gathered seeds sow in soil at once or in the spring, previously having subjected them to stratification in the refrigerator, on depth of 1 cm. Shoots appear in a year. After formation of two leaflets sword-play is carried out. Plants take seats on distance of 6 - 8 cm from each other. The youth transfers change normally.
On the constant place seedlings land in 3 years, in August - September, at distance of 40 - 50 cm from each other. And further it is desirable not to touch them any more. Hellebores are not loved when they are often replaced. Such plants in 4 - 5 years after crops will blossom.
Of course, with seed reproduction there is a lot of trouble. There is no desire to potter - then it is possible to try to multiply a hellebore division of rhizomes. However different types of these plants differently react to division. If a hellebore hybrid and a hellebore black easily undergo this operation, then hellebores odorous, Corsican do not love change. Difficulties at division of these types arise from - for close arrangements to each other of growth points.
If nevertheless decided to divide bushes, then it is better to take young plants, to do change at the beginning of May and after they fade. At the same time it is important not to overdry root system. After change the hellebore long gets accustomed on the new place.
The plant is durable, on one place can grow decades.
It does not need organic fertilizers. For podkormok it is possible to use ashes or nitrogen fertilizers which are scattered on snow under which the flower winters.
At it not really there is a lot of wreckers, but all the same is. These are plant louses, mice, snails, slugs. Now in shops rather wide choice of preparations for fight against them.
On the basis of wild-growing types many grades with various coloring and a form of flowers are removed (terry and semi-terry).
The most widespread types of hellebores:
Black . Called it so from - for colourings of roots. In Western Europe carries the name “Christmas Star“. Blossoms in December. Blossoms large white flowers which become later pink. The form of a flower is similar to a dogrose flower. Tsvetonos 30-50 cm high
Abkhazian . Height of 30-40 cm. Flowers blossom in April and 30-40 days blossom. Diameter of a flower to 9 cm, it is dark - purple or karminny color.
Hybrid . Height of 50-55 cm. Diameter of a flower varies from 4 to 20 cm. Coloring can be the most different - white, greenish, lilovo - pink, yellow, is dark - purple. In a midland blossoms in April-May and blossoms within one month.
Corsican . The inflorescence is multiflowered, it is pale - green color. Differs in high frost resistance. In a midland blossoms in April, forms many seeds, gives plentiful self-sowing.
East or Caucasian . The most unpretentious look. Blossoming begins after a descent of snow and one month lasts. Height of a plant is up to 50 cm. Flowers large, to 8 cm in the diameter, to 3 pieces on a tsvetonosa. The coloring can be cream, pink, white, lilac, sometimes with specks inside. One from the most poisonous types among hellebores.
Reddish . Height is up to 45 cm. Blossoming from February to April. Flowers faintly - violet, purpurno - lilac, rozovato - green, with a diameter up to 5 cm of Chashelistika after blossoming remain at fruits, giving to a plant the special decorative effect.
Smelly . Height is up to 45 cm. Blossoming in a midland begins in April and lasts till May. On tsvetonosa are formed small faintly - green flowers with a lilac fringing.
the Hellebore can be used for a vygonka in the winter. In September the plant is dug out together with a lump of the earth and changes in a pot. It pours plentifully down and put to the shady place. It is necessary to watch that the soil did not dry up. Before frosts the plant is filled up with foliage and is left under snow. Before blossoming it is brought to the house and put to the cool place - there blossoming will be more plentiful also more long. At emergence of sprouts it is possible to feed up solution of mineral fertilizer (2,5 g on 1 liter of water). Each flower blossoms, on average, within a week. To replace it new flowers grow. It is possible to replace a plant in a garden in the spring.
Spring primroses - crocuses, snowdrops, primroses and others will be good neighbors to it.
Isn`t that so, original plant? Early in the spring the first tsvetonosa after frosty night lie on the earth. As soon as warms the sun, they rise and please with the flowers.
Of course, there is enough fuss with a hellebore, but the more fuss, the more impresses result.
Well that? We put a hellebore at ourselves in a garden? Of course, we put!