Romanticism music: what it? So Zarathustra told
That where, when and as Zarathustra spoke - the majority knows according to Nietzsche`s book. This majority does not know, however, what it knows, as was told by Zarathustra in music. And all know. In the world - thanks to Stanley Kubrick`s movie “A space Odyssey of 2001“, in the countries of the former USSR - thanks to transfer “That? Where? When?“.
That subject which sounds prompt of this transfer is the beginning of the symphonic poem of Richard Strauss “So Zarathustra spoke“. All like to insert it into the performances fate - groups. This music of Strauss - “the international hit“ in a literal sense.
Richard Strauss is the largest German romantic. He was born a bit later (years of life - 11 iyunya1864 - on September 8, 1949) but it was necessary to write about it slightly earlier. In - the first to deal with a surname Strauss. In - the second, Johann Strauss was connected with Richard Strauss also one movie. In Stanley Kubrick`s movie “The space Odyssey of 2001“ at first sounds Johann Strauss`s music - a waltz “On beautiful blue Danube“ (the spaceship is joined, and then goes to flight). The scene proceeds, the waltz ceased and as though smoothly develops into other Strauss`s music - Richard (“Zarathustra so spoke“).
Once again I can only admire to the amazing knowledge of music shown by the American film director literally in each movie (though to movies there can be an ambiguous relation, especially to “Clockwork orange“ with 9 - y Beethoven`s symphony). But such knowledge and love to music - it is necessary only to make a helpless gesture.
So, Richard Strauss does not need to be confused to Richard Wagner and Johann Strauss. And with the last they are not relatives. And music - cardinally another. But Richard Strauss, of course, always remembered Johann Strauss, more precisely, two Iogannakh. “ In a word, life is over, and I need only to expect obediently that day when my late namesake calls me for himself in the transcendental kingdom of waltzes “, - Strauss in the letter wrote the friend several years prior to death.
Richard Strauss`s life is at first sight not too rich with events: one homeland, one wife, one business. Therefore it would be possible to be limited only to the short review of creativity. But chronologically we already approached by then when many things sound is quite modern, they are “live“. Strauss lived long life - and it means that found also the period of the Third Reich.
It is necessary to speak on this subject. The closer to the present, the there are more questions which not to bypass. On the one hand - dear all authorities the musician who needs to be used. With another - Strauss`s daughter-in-law was Jew. After the letter to Zweig Strauss dismissed from a position. Then Strauss`s family spent the whole years under house arrest. And once, when it drove off - all were taken away in Gestapo. With great difficulty Strauss managed to get out a family thanks to the world popularity.
And popularity at it huge. It and operas (especially infamous “Salome“ according to O. Wilde on a biblical scene with very juicy scene. “I will not sing it, I am a decent woman“, - the first performer of party of the heroine told). It both “Don Juan“, and “Electra“, and symphonic, and chamber music (“Cheerful tricks of Til Ulenshpigel“, “Death and enlightenment“). “Metamorphoses“ are very unusual.
But the best-known work of Strauss - “Zarathustra so spoke“.
addressed Nietzsche`s works many composers. And Nietzsche endlessly addressed music. The work “Was so told by Zarathustra“ he called the symphony.
But I want to open absolutely for you the heart, my friends: if there were gods as I would keep not to be god! Therefore, there are no gods ...
(Nietzsche. “So Zarathustra spoke“)
there are no gods. But there is a superperson. Means, all is possible. What followed it - all know. Nietzsche - quintessence of the German romanticism. Deep books of Friedrich Nietzsche can be understood and loved. But, unfortunately, there were forces which speculated on some ideas of the German philosopher. So often happens, and it is good not to forget it. It is necessary to remember. About the philosopher Nietzsche let somebody will write another, and I will be limited to a small mention of Nietzsche`s music.
Nietzsche is a composer . Nietzsche is not the only philosopher who very well knew music. Moreover, it not only of philosophers who wrote music, since Pythagoras`s times. Eto and Jean - Jacques Rousseau, both Georgy Gurdzhiyev, and Theodor Adorno.
Nietzsche studied playing a piano from 6 years. Very well knew at the same time both symphonic music, and church. He took lessons of theoretical disciplines and composition, early began to compose. For someone will be opening that he set to music Pushkin`s (song “Spell“) poem. Connected with Wagner Nietzsche at first the friendly, then inconsistent relations - the actual gap and hostility. But it like big love to music of the French romanticism, especially Georges Bizet.
About 50 compositions of Nietzsche remained. There are songs, there is an imagination for a violin, even the Christmas oratorio is, but generally it is plays for a piano. It is easy to find both notes, and records in the Internet.
It is clear, that Nietzsche`s subject and music - is inexhaustible. Music is infinite in its philosophical works. Now there is no opportunity though somehow to cover this topic and it is not necessary as article subject - all - Richard Strauss. And “Zarathustra“ Strauss - work to which it is necessary to listen entirely at least once in life so spoke. The beginning in “That? Where? When?“, a scene from the movie, and just music. In this poem several parts:
The preface, or Rising (there the well-known Subject of the Nature with its riddle also sounds)
About great languor
About pleasures and passions
the Gravestone song
the Dancing song
the Song of intoxication
In these small parts is all: both subject of the Person and the Nature, both subject of the lost happiness, and pleasure of life, and again doubts. A unification and separation with the world - from ecstasy to tragic notes. All essence of romanticism. And still it is worth to remember about further...
Romanticism in the western culture continues to gain steam. Already it is time to Eastern Europe and in the USA. But it is necessary to remain for a while in Germany because the romanticism is inconceivable without Anton Bruckner. About it - next time.