Rus Articles Journal

Than helps the American members of spetsnaz... usual Indian tomahawk?

Well, not absolutely usual … And not absolutely Indian, but super - mega - a puper - modern, hi-tech. By the way, the speech in this article goes not about the BGM - 109 Tomahawk rocket, and about a simple hatchet. Though is not present, not absolutely simple. However, all one after another …

Very few people know that the real Indian tomahawk looked at all not as show in the Hollywood westerns. In pre-Columbian America the word “tomahawk“ (tomakhiken, tomekhogan, tummakhakan, tomakhak, tumakhguak, etc.) the cudgel with the pointed stone tip which was often serving and … was designated by a pipe. Here so, during war - the weapon, in peace … a pipe of peace. The stone does not burn, and to make deepening in a stone and a deep furrow in the hatchet handle, to wind densely the handle that both the smoke did not leave, and the hand did not slide, it is possible even by means of the most primitive technologies. Later such tomahawks called ritual and began to make them in England, for gifts to leaders of Indian tribes.

Yes, unusually somehow … And how easy metal hatchets which courageous red-skinned soldiers masterly rubat “pale brothers“? And these hatchets were sold to them by European settlers. So that`s that. Even the form of a tomahawk is called Spanish - in the form of a semicircular halberd, French - in the form of a rhombus or a petal, and English - those, classical hatchets from westerns with a direct edge.

Tomahawk (English. tomahawk) - a cold weapon of Indians of North America. the Name comes from the English transliteration of the term various East - Algonquians. Originally so various fighting bludgeons and clubs, later - small iron, bronze or brass hatchets on a direct handle were called. It was used as the weapon of near fight and for a throwing. Settlers supplied with these axes of Indians. Tomahawks delivered even from Europe. Metal tomahawks were often made of boarding axes of the British military fleet, and exchanged them at Indians for provisions“. Source: Wikipedia.

The tomahawk and as a throwing hatchet, and as the universal weapon of near fight was applied. Indians threw a tomahawk on distance to 20 meters, at the same time precisely hitting the mark. In near fight the tomahawk was more convenient than a knife and a spear as at the expense of the handle - the lever even the person of no character could put a terrible wound to chop off an extremity, for example. Plus at the expense of the handle - a toporishcha not long and not short it was possible to be active easily both in dense crowd, and in duels in private. Tomahawks used not only in the war, but also on hunting - for finishing wounded animals.

By the way, a symbol of the power and the status at Indians tomahawks become only in the middle of the 19th century. They so entered spiritual culture of North American Indians that even pipes of peace which were produced from a sacred red stone of Minnesota began to do in the form of this fighting hatchet. And a bit later Indians mastered blacksmithing and began to make tomahawks as souvenirs.

However the tomahawk is first of all the fighting axe. White settlers began to apply it along with penetration deep into of the American continent. Since the 18th century the tomahawk becomes also the weapon of the American soldiers during War for independence (1775-1783) and Civil war (1861-1865) . Further there were continuous skirmishes with Indians around the Wild West where tomahawks used both belligerent parties. But “the American soldiers so long drove Indians from their own earth that they for a long time dug the tomahawks“. (Mayne Reid, “Headless Horseman“).

And, it seems, the tomahawk as the military weapon died, forced out by more advanced systems of the weapon. However, there are data that tomahawks were used by the American soldiers and during World War II. Well, apparently, after “war of motors“ and nuclear bombings the tomahawk died finally. On the contrary! Today the fighting tomahawk is completely rehabilitated and adopted.

Once upon a time there was such person, La Ghana, the military instructor who stood up for introduction of this easy hatchet on arms of rangers and marines during the Vietnamese war. It, having shown masterly technology of possession of a tomahawk against ten skilled instructors - marines (to whom the order was given to prick bayonets on defeat), showed what useful it can be more ancient the weapon in skillful hands. Then, in 60 - x years of the 20th century, Ameriken a tomahawk of the company“ - the company on production of fighting tomahawks was based “.

The modern fighting tomahawk is a product from the high-strength alloyed steel, no more than 500 grams, with a special form of an edge and long 8 - a centimetric thorn on a butt weigh. Thanks to usability of tomahawks in hand-to-hand fight, army tomahawks were widely applied by the American special troops in Afghanistan and in Iraq. Modern army tomahawks it is possible to force down locks, by means of a long thorn to clamber on walls (rocks and trees), to cut through doors, to punch openings in walls and just to use for economic needs and as the survival tool.

There is such necessary bagatelle, a subject just irreplaceable in the war. However, as well as the BGM - 109 Tomahawk rocket which if it is necessary, will do such affairs that it is impossible to do even in one thousand usual tomahawks. Even super - a puper - fighting.